Intelligent Control and Active Safety Techniques for Road Vehicles

A special issue of Machines (ISSN 2075-1702). This special issue belongs to the section "Vehicle Engineering".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 October 2024 | Viewed by 3438

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of Automotive and Mechatronics Engineering, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, ON L1H 7K4, Canada
Interests: vehicle dynamics; driver–vehicle–road interactions; design optimization; active safety systems

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Guest Editor
School of Mechanical-Electronic and vehicle Engineering, Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Beijing, China
Interests: vehicle active safety; autonomous vehicles; vehicle safety control

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The past three decades have witnessed the rapid development of semi-autonomous and autonomous vehicles. The two main design criteria for these vehicles are increasing road safety and improving transportation efficiency. To some extent, increasing road safety and improving transportation efficiency may be simply understood as enhancing vehicle stability and increasing traveling speed, respectively. From the view of vehicle dynamics, there is a trade-off between vehicle stability and traveling speed. A higher traveling speed can be attained at the expense of dropping vehicle stability, and vice versa. To simultaneously satisfy the two main design criteria and address the trade-off, effective and promising solutions are intelligent control and active safety techniques.

In light of this, we propose a Special Issue entitled "Intelligent Control and Active Safety Techniques for Road Vehicles" to showcase the latest original achievements, foster the exchange of cutting-edge perspectives, and promote interdisciplinary research in this field. This Special Issue aims to explore the potential of using emerging and advanced techniques in intelligent control and active safety to address the complex dynamics and design challenges faced by vehicle systems designers and developers.  

The topics to be covered in this Special Issue include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Autonomous and intelligent vehicles;
  • Semi-autonomous driving control;
  • Vehicle networking;
  • Driver–vehicle–road coordinated control;
  • Vehicle dynamics and control;
  • Active vehicle safety;
  • Control and calibration of engines and powertrains;
  • Automotive electrification and electronic control;
  • Active safety designs for electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, fuel cell vehicles.

We invite researchers from academia and industry to contribute their original research, methodologies, and perspectives to this Special Issue. By bringing together these diverse contributions, we aim to accelerate the development and application of intelligent control and active safety techniques for road vehicles.

We look forward to receiving your valuable contributions and sharing ground-breaking advancements in the field of intelligent energy vehicle control.

Prof. Dr. Yuping He
Dr. Qinghui Zhou
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Machines is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • intelligent control
  • active safety
  • autonomous vehicles
  • semi-autonomous vehicles
  • driver–vehicle–road interactions
  • AI-based control
  • coordinated control
  • vehicle networking
  • driver models

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

19 pages, 2460 KiB  
Article
RBF-Based Fractional-Order SMC Fault-Tolerant Controller for a Nonlinear Active Suspension
by Weipeng Zhao and Liang Gu
Machines 2024, 12(4), 270; https://doi.org/10.3390/machines12040270 - 18 Apr 2024
Viewed by 566
Abstract
Active suspension control technologies have become increasingly significant in improving suspension performance for driving stability and comfort. An RBF-based fractional-order SMC fault-tolerant controller is developed in this research to guarantee ride comfort and handling stability when faced with the partial loss of actuator [...] Read more.
Active suspension control technologies have become increasingly significant in improving suspension performance for driving stability and comfort. An RBF-based fractional-order SMC fault-tolerant controller is developed in this research to guarantee ride comfort and handling stability when faced with the partial loss of actuator effectiveness due to failure. To obtain better control performance, fractional-order theory and the RBF algorithm are discussed to solve the jitter vibration problem in SMC, and the RBF is exploited to obtain a more appropriate switching gain. First, a half-nonlinear active suspension model and a fault car model are presented. Then, the design process of the RBF-based fractional-order SMC fault-tolerant controller is described. Next, a simulation is presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed strategy. According to the simulation, the proposed method can improve performance in the case of a healthy suspension, and the fault-tolerant controller can guarantee the capabilities when actuators go wrong. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intelligent Control and Active Safety Techniques for Road Vehicles)
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27 pages, 14638 KiB  
Article
Simulation and Validation of an 8 × 8 Scaled Electric Combat Vehicle
by Junwoo Kim, Moustafa El-Gindy and Zeinab El-Sayegh
Machines 2024, 12(2), 146; https://doi.org/10.3390/machines12020146 - 19 Feb 2024
Viewed by 1111
Abstract
In this research, an 8 × 8 scaled electric combat vehicle (SECV) is built. The scaled vehicle is evaluated in both experimental and simulated methods to analyze its performance. The scaled vehicle is developed to apply the Ackermann condition by implementing the individual [...] Read more.
In this research, an 8 × 8 scaled electric combat vehicle (SECV) is built. The scaled vehicle is evaluated in both experimental and simulated methods to analyze its performance. The scaled vehicle is developed to apply the Ackermann condition by implementing the individual steering and individual wheel speed control system at low speed. Individual eight-wheel rotational velocity control and individual eight-wheel steering angle control in real time are developed and installed on the remotely controlled scaled vehicle to meet a perfect Ackermann condition. Three different steering scenarios are developed and applied: a traditional steering scenario (first and second axle steering), fixed third axle steering scenario (first, second, and fourth axle steering), and all-wheel steering scenario. Stationary evaluation, turn radius evaluation, and double lane change evaluation are conducted to verify the application of the Ackermann condition. The differences between the experimental results and the simulated data are within an acceptable range. An important demonstration of this research is the novel validation of physical and simulated data in the application of the Ackermann condition for eight-wheel steering and velocity control for the three steering scenarios. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intelligent Control and Active Safety Techniques for Road Vehicles)
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18 pages, 5097 KiB  
Article
Simultaneous Estimation of Vehicle Sideslip and Roll Angles Using an Event-Triggered-Based IoT Architecture
by Fernando Viadero-Monasterio, Javier García, Miguel Meléndez-Useros, Manuel Jiménez-Salas, Beatriz López Boada and María Jesús López Boada
Machines 2024, 12(1), 53; https://doi.org/10.3390/machines12010053 - 11 Jan 2024
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1181
Abstract
In recent years, there has been a significant integration of advanced technology into the automotive industry, aimed primarily at enhancing safety and ride comfort. While a notable proportion of these driver-assist systems focuses on skid prevention, insufficient attention has been paid to addressing [...] Read more.
In recent years, there has been a significant integration of advanced technology into the automotive industry, aimed primarily at enhancing safety and ride comfort. While a notable proportion of these driver-assist systems focuses on skid prevention, insufficient attention has been paid to addressing other crucial scenarios, such as rollovers. The accurate estimation of slip and roll angles plays a vital role in ensuring vehicle control and safety, making these parameters essential, especially with the rise of modern technologies that incorporate networked communication and distributed computing. Furthermore, there exists a lag in the transmission of information between the various vehicle systems, including sensors, actuators, and controllers. This paper outlines the design of an IoT architecture that accurately estimates the sideslip angle and roll angle of a vehicle, while addressing network transmission delays with a networked control system and an event-triggered communication scheme. Experimental results are presented to validate the performance of the IoT architecture proposed. The event-triggered scheme of the IoT solution is used to decrease data transmission and prevent network overload. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intelligent Control and Active Safety Techniques for Road Vehicles)
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