Clinic Advances in Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer: Part II

A special issue of Journal of Clinical Medicine (ISSN 2077-0383). This special issue belongs to the section "Pulmonology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 25 June 2024 | Viewed by 147

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Bnai Zion Medical Centre, Oncology Division and Cancer Institute, Haifa 31048, Israel
Interests: lung cancer; immunotherapy; molecular profiling; targeted treatments; COVID-19 and cancer
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Guest Editor
Department of Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine, Karl Landsteiner Institute of Lung Research & Pulmonary Oncology, Krankenhaus Nord, 3500 Vienna, Austria
Interests: metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer; clinical trial; chemotherapy monoclonal antibody drugs; EGFR mutation positive
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), which accounts for 85% of lung cancer cases, is clinically presented as a plethora of genetically mutated tumors. Novel research associated with detecting specific DNA alterations has led to the discovery of drugs which are able to target gene variants. Treating patients with lung cancer is a challenge due to late-stage diagnosis, and thus, high mortality. An active approach with early screening will increase patient survival rates by offering the molecular profiling of tumor biopsies, hence targeting individual proteins such as inhibiting Tyrosine Kinase. Immunotherapy using immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) aims to block PD and PD-L1 proteins associated with balancing the immune system activity, hence allowing a stronger anticancer immune response. Examples of ICIs approved by the FDA as adjuvant and neoadjuvant agents providing first and second lines of treatments, including consolidation, are Atezolizumab, Cemiplimab, Durvalumab, Nivolumab, and Pembrolizumab. In addition, NSCLC-accepted therapies use inhibitors to attack certain cancer cells with ALK alterations, which tend to have disease progression in the brain. Among the recent pharmaceutical agents are Alectinib, Brigatinib, and Lorlatinib. The ROS1 mutated gene in NSCLC makes changes in cell signaling, affecting cell growth. To counteract the ROS1 protein, crizotinib and entrectinib are used for treating these patients. Moreover, to decrease the spread and growth of NSCLC cells, a combination of the drugs trametinib, acting on kinase proteins called MEK, and dabrafenib, inhibiting B-Raf involvement in cellular signal transduction, is used to treat certain patients. Blocking EGFR function is important to stop the abnormally high division activity linked to this receptor through administering Osimertinib, Gefitinib, Erlotinib, Dacomitinib, and Afatinib. Ongoing clinical trials address several issues expressed by NSCLC patients, including CNS metastases and resistance to TKI. Recent studies show emerging encouraging results of drug combinations, emphasizing the clinician’s discretion to be aware of the medical publications, allowing them to tailor the best care and drug of choice available to each patient.

After the success of the Special Issue “Clinic Advances in Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer", a second volume is in production to continue exploring the most significant recent breakthroughs in the topics concerning novel drug development and updated therapeutic applications. The highlighted sections are:

  1. Early detection involving low-dose CT scans for heavy smokers aided by computer algorithms to identify cancer and predict outcomes;
  2. Biological markers circulating in the blood or sputum such as abnormal tumor cells or the molecular presence of suspicious cancer-related proteins;
  3. Immunotherapy (IO) including various combinations with chemotherapy in first and second and consolidation;
  4. Adjuvant-targeted and IO-improving DFS;
  5. BBB penetration ability of Alectinib and Tagrisso (Osimertinib) to treat NSCLC brain metastases;
  6. Uncovering resistance mechanisms to TKI and investigations researching adjustments to treatment protocols,
  7. Using sensitive technology to analyze circulating tumorous DNA.

Dr. Abed Agbarya
Dr. Maximilian J. Hochmair
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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  • non-small-cell lung cancer
  • immunotherapy
  • mutation-targeted anticancer drug
  • tumor drug resistance
  • new therapeutic molecules
  • individualized tailored medicine
  • biological markers in blood or sputum
  • chemotherapy
  • early detection

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission.
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