Genomics, Transcriptomics, and Proteomics of Bees

A special issue of Genes (ISSN 2073-4425). This special issue belongs to the section "Animal Genetics and Genomics".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (15 May 2024) | Viewed by 669

Special Issue Editors

College of Animal Sciences (College of Bee Science), Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
Interests: insect–pathogen/parasite interaction; insect immune response; omics of insects and pathogens/parasites

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Guest Editor
College of Animal Sciences (College of Bee Science), Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
Interests: bee pathology; bee protection; chalkbrood; bee nosemosis; diagnosis and control of bee diseases
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) are distributed worldwide and include more than 20,000 species within seven taxonomic families. Bees are representative pollinators for a great substantial quantity of crops and wild plants, playing a critical role in maintaining the balance of ecosystem and improving the yield and quality of crops. In addition, a series of high-quality and superior api-products produced by bees are beneficial for human health. In the past two decades, with the continuous revolution and rapid development of sequencing technology and bioinformatics, amazing advancements have been achieved in the field of omics (genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, etc.) associated with animals, plants, and microorganisms. From the perspective of omics, novel and valuable insights into the biology of bees could be gained, and candidate molecules such as genes, isoforms, and proteins could be screened for further functional dissection. This Special Issue of Genes, entitled “Genomics, Transcriptomics, and Proteomics of Bees”, will collect high-quality reviews and research articles written by leading experts in related fields. Topics of interest for this Special Issue include, but are not limited to: the genomics of bees, transcriptomics of bees, proteomics of bees, third-generation-sequencing-based omics of bees, functional genomics of bees, development and application of bioinformatic tools in the study of bees, and bee-biotic factor/abiotic factor interaction from the omics perspective. It is believed that with our joint efforts, this Special Issue will become a valuable source and a solid basis for researchers in the molecular biology, pathology, protection, physiology, ecology, genetics, epigenetics, and population genetics of bees.

Dr. Rui Guo
Prof. Dr. Dafu Chen
Guest Editors

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Keywords

  • genomics
  • transcriptomics
  • proteomics
  • third-generation sequencing
  • functional genomics
  • bioinformatics
  • mechanism

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

12 pages, 2663 KiB  
Article
Preliminary Study on the Pathogenic Mechanism of Jujube Flower Disease in Honeybees (Apis mellifera ligustica) Based on Midgut Transcriptomics
by Yali Du, Kai Xu, Huiting Zhao, Ying Wu, Haibin Jiang, Jinming He and Yusuo Jiang
Genes 2024, 15(5), 533; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes15050533 - 24 Apr 2024
Viewed by 470
Abstract
Honeybees are prone to poisoning, also known as jujube flower disease, after collecting nectar from jujube flowers, resulting in the tumultuous demise of foragers. The prevalence of jujube flower disease has become one of the main factors affecting the development of the jujube [...] Read more.
Honeybees are prone to poisoning, also known as jujube flower disease, after collecting nectar from jujube flowers, resulting in the tumultuous demise of foragers. The prevalence of jujube flower disease has become one of the main factors affecting the development of the jujube and beekeeping industries in Northern China. However, the pathogenic mechanisms underlying jujube flower disease in honeybees are poorly understood. Herein, we first conducted morphological observations of the midgut using HE-staining and found that jujube flower disease-affected honeybees displayed midgut damage with peritrophic membrane detachment. Jujube flower disease was found to increase the activity of chitinase and carboxylesterase (CarE) and decrease the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione S-transferase (GST), and the content of CYP450 in the honeybee midgut. Transcriptomic data identified 119 differentially expressed genes in the midgut of diseased and healthy honeybees, including CYP6a13, CYP6a17, CYP304a1, CYP6a14, AADC, and AGXT2, which are associated with oxidoreductase activity and vitamin binding. In summary, collecting jujube flower nectar could reduce antioxidant and detoxification capacities of the honeybee midgut and, in more severe cases, damage the intestinal structure, suggesting that intestinal damage might be the main cause of honeybee death due to jujube nectar. This study provides new insights into the pathogenesis of jujube flower disease in honeybees. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Genomics, Transcriptomics, and Proteomics of Bees)
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