Inter-Vehicle Communication Protocols and Their Applications

A special issue of Future Internet (ISSN 1999-5903). This special issue belongs to the section "Internet of Things".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (29 February 2024) | Viewed by 2768

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Graduate school of Information Science, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, Ikoma 6300192, Japan
Interests: distributed systems; inter-vehicle communication; mobile computing; multimedia communication; parallel algorithms
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Dear Colleagues,

Traffic accidents caused by automobiles and environmental problems are common in today’s world. Consequently, various efforts are being made to realize improved road safety, including the construction of more advanced road transportation infrastructure and the utilization of research. For environmental issues, the realization of carbon neutrality is crucial. There are also concerns about the shortage of drivers for public buses and logistics trucks due to the declining birthrate, aging population, and shrinking workforce. The evolution of society toward sustainable mobility is expected to solve these issues. Intelligent Transport Systems (ITSs) represent systems that use state-of-the-art information and control technologies to prevent accidents, traffic congestion, and environmental issues. ITSs also require a joint effort by the public and private sectors, including the development of official standards and laws set by the government, the deployment of transportation infrastructure in cooperation with related ministries, and the proposal and reflection of such standards in future policies. The current automotive industry is said to be in the midst of a period of change, with ongoing R&D and demonstrations of connectedness, automation, sharing, and electrification.

This Special Issue aims to publish original and visionary papers describing scientific methods and technologies that can improve the efficiency, productivity, quality, and reliability of transportation systems. In this Special Issue, we will focus on the efforts toward making efficient, human- and environmentally-friendly, and sustainable intelligent transportation systems a reality. We strongly encourage contributions detailing scientific results from experts from academia and industry around the world.

Dr. Naoki Shibata
Guest Editor

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Keywords

  •      autonomous vehicles
  •      energy management technology
  •      environmental technology
  •      smart grids
  •      wireless communication technologies
  •      inter-vehicle communication and roadside-to-vehicle communication
  •      mobility information infrastructure
  •      vehicular blockchain

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

26 pages, 2138 KiB  
Article
Protecting Hybrid ITS Networks: A Comprehensive Security Approach
by Ricardo Severino, José Simão, Nuno Datia and António Serrador
Future Internet 2023, 15(12), 388; https://doi.org/10.3390/fi15120388 - 30 Nov 2023
Viewed by 1826
Abstract
Cooperative intelligent transport systems (C-ITS) continue to be developed to enhance transportation safety and sustainability. However, the communication of vehicle-to-everything (V2X) systems is inherently open, leading to vulnerabilities that attackers can exploit. This represents a threat to all road users, as security failures [...] Read more.
Cooperative intelligent transport systems (C-ITS) continue to be developed to enhance transportation safety and sustainability. However, the communication of vehicle-to-everything (V2X) systems is inherently open, leading to vulnerabilities that attackers can exploit. This represents a threat to all road users, as security failures can lead to privacy violations or even fatalities. Moreover, a high fatality rate is correlated with soft-mobility road users. Therefore, when developing C-ITS systems, it is important to broaden the focus beyond connected vehicles to include soft-mobility users and legacy vehicles. This work presents a new approach developed in the context of emerging hybrid networks, combining intelligent transport systems operating in 5.9 GHz (ITS-G5) and radio-mobile cellular technologies. Two protocols were implemented and evaluated to introduce security guarantees (such as privacy and integrity) in communications within the developed C-ITS hybrid environment. As a result, this work securely integrates G5-connected ITS stations and soft-mobility users through a smartphone application via cellular networks. Commercial equipment was used for this goal, including on-board and roadside units. Computational, transmission and end-to-end latency were used to assess the system’s performance. Implemented protocols introduce an additional 11% end-to-end latency in hybrid communications. Moreover, workflows employing hybrid communications impose, on average, an extra 28.29 ms of end-to-end latency. The proposal shows promise, as it reaches end-to-end times below the latency requirements imposed in most C-ITS use cases. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Inter-Vehicle Communication Protocols and Their Applications)
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