About Foundations


Foundations (ISSN 2673-9321) is an international, open access, peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary, science and technology journal, covering all areas of natural sciences and high-tech. Our aim is to provide an advanced forum for scientists to share their research, ideas or applications, and to promote the innovation of fundamental research related to natural sciences and high technologies. It covers all aspects of, but is not limited to, mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, earth sciences, materials sciences, information sciences, and medical sciences. The journal welcomes all related studies within the scope, whether they be original research articles, reviews, communications, letters, perspectives, opinions, protocols, or case reports.

There is no restriction on the maximum length of the papers. A full account of the research must be provided so that the results can be reproduced. Electronic files or software which provide full details of the calculations, proofs and experimental procedures can be deposited as supplementary material if unable to be published in the normal way.


Mathematical Sciences

  • Algebra and Geometry
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Difference and Differential Equations
  • Dynamical Systems
  • Engineering Mathematics
  • Financial Mathematics
  • Functional Integration
  • Fuzzy Set Theory
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Mathematics and Computer Science
  • Network Science
  • Probability and Statistics Theory
  • Theoretical and Mathematical Ecology

Physical Sciences

  • Classical mechanics and electrodynamics
  • Quantum mechanics
  • Atomic, molecular, and optical physics
  • Physics of plasmas and gases
  • Condensed matter physics
  • Nuclear physics
  • Physics of elementary particles and fields
  • Astronomy and astrophysics (including cosmology)
  • Interdisciplinary physics

Chemical Sciences

  • Analytics and Detection
  • Astrochemistry
  • Bioinorganics
  • Biological and Natural Products
  • Catalysis
  • Crystallography
  • Electrochemistry
  • Green and Environmental Chemistry
  • Inorganic Materials and Polymers
  • Medicinal Chemistry
  • Photochemistry and Photophysics
  • Radiochemistry
  • Supramolecular Chemistry
  • Theoretical Chemistry

Biological Sciences and Engineering

  • Behavior Biology
  • Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
  • Biological Engineering
  • Biophysics
  • Conservation Biology and Biodiversity
  • Developmental Biology
  • Evolutionary Biology
  • Genetics, Genomics & Bioinformatics
  • Marine Biology
  • Microbiology
  • Physiology
  • Structural Biology
  • Systems Biology
  • Theoretical Biology

Earth Sciences

  • Atmospheric Sciences
  • Ecology
  • Geochemistry
  • Geology
  • Geophysics
  • Glaciology
  • Hydrology, Oceanography & Limnology
  • Physical Geography
  • Soil Sciences

Materials Sciences

  • Advanced Composites
  • Advanced Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • Carbon Materials
  • Construction and Building Materials
  • Corrosion
  • Electronic Materials
  • Energy Materials
  • Manufacturing Processes and Systems
  • Materials Simulation and Design
  • Optics and Photonics
  • Porous Materials
  • Smart Materials
  • Structure Analysis and Characterization
  • Thin Films

Information Sciences

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Information Applications
  • Information & Communications Technology
  • Information Processes
  • Information Systems
  • Information Theory and Methodology

Medical Sciences

  • Basic Medicine
  • Clinical Medicine

MDPI Publication Ethics Statement

MDPI is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). MDPI takes the responsibility to enforce a rigorous peer-review together with strict ethical policies and standards to ensure to add high quality scientific works to the field of scholarly publication. Unfortunately, cases of plagiarism, data falsification, inappropriate authorship credit, and the like, do arise. MDPI takes such publishing ethics issues very seriously and our editors are trained to proceed in such cases with a zero tolerance policy. To verify the originality of content submitted to our journals, we use iThenticate to check submissions against previous publications.

Book Reviews

Authors and publishers are encouraged to send review copies of their recent related books to the following address. Received books will be listed as Books Received within the journal's News & Announcements section.

St. Alban-Anlage 66
CH-4052 Basel

Copyright / Open Access

Articles published in Foundations will be Open-Access articles distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The copyright is retained by the author(s). MDPI will insert the following note at the end of the published text:

© 2023 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).


Reprints may be ordered. Please contact for more information on how to order reprints.

Announcement and Advertisement

Announcements regarding academic activities such as conferences are published for free in the News & Announcements section of the journal. Advertisement can be either published or placed on the pertinent website. Contact e-mail address is .

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