Translational Advances in Dental Implants

A special issue of Bioengineering (ISSN 2306-5354). This special issue belongs to the section "Biomedical Engineering and Biomaterials".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 July 2024 | Viewed by 1736

Special Issue Editors

Melbourne Dental School, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia
Interests: bone mechanics; complication mechanisms; prosthodontics; implant design; clinical trials; complications in practice; bioactive surfaces; biomechanics; overload

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Guest Editor
Faculty of Dentistry, National University of Singapore, 9 Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 119085, Singapore
Interests: graphene; coatings; tissue engineering; dental material; induced pluripotent stem cells; differentation; biocompatibility

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The advent of dental implants has been a true game changer for the management of patents with oral tissue loss. As with many successful treatment strategies, there is an ongoing revision of the protocols of materials and strategies to improve patient outcomes. The opportunities for advancement include stem cell applications, surface treatments, novel implants, and prosthodontic configurations, as well digital design and manufacture. A multifaceted evolution of implant therapy must be fully reported, as per this special decision of bioengineering. Based on long-term success and high patient uptake research, teams have significant scope to showcase their evidence base for advancing this pivotal aspect of oral rehabilitation. This Special Issue will summarize new research associated with the advancement of dental implant care.

Dr. Roy Judge
Dr. Vinicius Rosa
Guest Editors

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Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

13 pages, 2609 KiB  
Article
The 3D Printing and Evaluation of Surgical Guides with an Incorporated Irrigation Channel for Dental Implant Placement
by Robert-Angelo Tuce, Monica Neagu, Vasile Pupazan, Adrian Neagu and Stelian Arjoca
Bioengineering 2023, 10(10), 1168; https://doi.org/10.3390/bioengineering10101168 - 7 Oct 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1200
Abstract
Dental implant insertion requires the preparation of the implant bed via surgical drilling. During this stage, irrigation is essential to avoid thermal damage to the surrounding bone. Surgical guides enhance the accuracy of the implant site preparation, but they mask the drilling site, [...] Read more.
Dental implant insertion requires the preparation of the implant bed via surgical drilling. During this stage, irrigation is essential to avoid thermal damage to the surrounding bone. Surgical guides enhance the accuracy of the implant site preparation, but they mask the drilling site, hampering coolant delivery. A variety of designs are aimed at improving the coolant access to the target site. Using standard dental implant simulation software, this paper presents an in-house design and 3D printing workflow for building surgical guides that incorporate a coolant channel directed toward the entry point of the burr. The proposed design was evaluated in terms of the bone temperature elevations caused by drilling performed at 1500 rpm, under an axial load of 2 kg, and irrigation with 40 mL/min of saline solution at 25 °C. Temperature measurements were performed on porcine femoral pieces, in the middle of the cortical bone layer, at 1 mm from the edge of the osteotomy. The mean temperature rise was 3.2 °C for a cylindrical sleeve guide, 2.7 °C for a C-shaped open-sleeve guide, and 2.1 °C for the guide with an incorporated coolant channel. According to a one-way ANOVA, the differences between these means were marginally insignificant (p = 0.056). The individual values of the peak temperature change remained below the bone damage threshold (10 °C) in all cases. Remarkably, the distribution of the recorded temperatures was the narrowest for the guide with internal irrigation, suggesting that, besides the most effective cooling, it provides the most precise control of the intraosseous temperature. Further studies could test different design variants, experimental models (including live animals), and might involve computer simulations of the bone temperature field. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Translational Advances in Dental Implants)
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