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Knowledge, Volume 1, Issue 1 (December 2021) – 8 articles

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8 pages, 1791 KiB  
Article
Analysis of Different Digital Alternatives as Teaching Tools to Improve the Teaching–Learning Process
Knowledge 2021, 1(1), 75-82; https://doi.org/10.3390/knowledge1010008 - 03 Dec 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 2118
Abstract
Virtual tools are frequently used in education. Among them, the use of virtual laboratories could be an interesting alternative to strengthen the practical concepts of the students, especially in the current paradigm in which the presence of students is often not possible. For [...] Read more.
Virtual tools are frequently used in education. Among them, the use of virtual laboratories could be an interesting alternative to strengthen the practical concepts of the students, especially in the current paradigm in which the presence of students is often not possible. For this reason, the aim of this study was to analyse the use of different digital tools for the improvement of the teaching process during the COVID-19 pandemic period. To this end, a comparison of the application of different digital alternatives was carried out, evaluating the differences found with previous teaching courses. The results indicate that, although students welcome these activities, they cannot replace face-to-face practices, being considered as a complementary activity. Full article
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14 pages, 3586 KiB  
Article
Design of a Home Fire Detection System Using Arduino and SMS Gateway
Knowledge 2021, 1(1), 61-74; https://doi.org/10.3390/knowledge1010007 - 10 Nov 2021
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 10044
Abstract
Fire is a problem that can happen at any time. Delay in coping with house fires can induce in loss of human life or material. If the fire is not held severely, incidents like house fires can occur and create more significant losses, [...] Read more.
Fire is a problem that can happen at any time. Delay in coping with house fires can induce in loss of human life or material. If the fire is not held severely, incidents like house fires can occur and create more significant losses, especially with the increasing number of residents’ settlements in the formation of huddled houses, which will be more challenging to handle in case of a fire. This research aims to build a prototype system that quickly helps house owners and firefighters to detect fires and gas leaks. This home fire detection system is utilized to measure room temperature and gas levels in a room, then the output of this system is sending information of short messages and alarms. The results revealed that the prototype room with a scale of 1:25, 1:50, and 1:75 which uses a temperature sensor and a gas sensor could run as desired. In 10 testing trials, the system works according to the designed plan, which means the system could interpret the temperature and gas leakage of a room, then the system will send a short message and ring the alarm. Full article
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9 pages, 2028 KiB  
Article
Visualizing the Complexity of Knowledges to Support the Professional Development of University Teaching
Knowledge 2021, 1(1), 52-60; https://doi.org/10.3390/knowledge1010006 - 28 Oct 2021
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 2414
Abstract
The idea that knowledge may exist in different forms may present a conceptual challenge for many university teachers. Our experience has shown that STEM teachers tend to view knowledge through a singular epistemological lens, driven by their disciplinary background. Such a restricted view [...] Read more.
The idea that knowledge may exist in different forms may present a conceptual challenge for many university teachers. Our experience has shown that STEM teachers tend to view knowledge through a singular epistemological lens, driven by their disciplinary background. Such a restricted view impedes the development of teaching beyond traditional transmission models. In order to help STEM academics engage with a broader view of knowledge (and so help their students to engage in meaningful learning that does not exclude deeply held cultural perspectives), we propose a gateway into the ecology of knowledges. In this case, the gateway is created by using the analogy of protein structure—a complex idea that science teachers will be familiar with, and which demonstrates the importance of multiple perspectives on a single object. In this conceptual paper, we offer this as a tool to support the adoption of a multi-epistemic appreciation of knowledge that may lead to a more scholarly approach to university teaching. Full article
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12 pages, 1693 KiB  
Article
Picture Hesitant Fuzzy Clustering Based on Generalized Picture Hesitant Fuzzy Distance Measures
Knowledge 2021, 1(1), 40-51; https://doi.org/10.3390/knowledge1010005 - 14 Oct 2021
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1943
Abstract
Certain scholars have generalized the theory of fuzzy set, but the theory of picture hesitant fuzzy set (PHFS) has received massive attention from distinguished scholars. PHFS is the combination of picture fuzzy set (PFS) and hesitant fuzzy set (HFS) to cope with awkward [...] Read more.
Certain scholars have generalized the theory of fuzzy set, but the theory of picture hesitant fuzzy set (PHFS) has received massive attention from distinguished scholars. PHFS is the combination of picture fuzzy set (PFS) and hesitant fuzzy set (HFS) to cope with awkward and complicated information in real-life issues. The well-known characteristic of PHFS is that the sum of the maximum of the membership, abstinence, and non-membership degree is limited to the unit interval. This manuscript aims to develop some generalized picture hesitant distance measures (GPHDMs) as a generalization of generalized picture distance measures (GPDMs). The properties of developed distance measures are investigated, and the generalization of developed theory is proved with the help of some remarks and examples. A clustering problem is solved using GPHDMs and the results obtained are explored. Some advantages of the proposed work are discussed, and some concluding remarks based on the summary of the proposed work and as well as future directions, are added. Full article
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15 pages, 274 KiB  
Article
Vaccine Hesitancy and Administrative Burden in the Australian National Immunisation Program: An Analysis of Twitter Discourse
Knowledge 2021, 1(1), 25-39; https://doi.org/10.3390/knowledge1010004 - 06 Oct 2021
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 4222
Abstract
In Australia, the National Immunisation Program and its Standard Vaccination Schedule are administered by the Australian Government Department of Health. While the public vaccination program’s safety and worth are generally agreed upon by doctors and public health professionals, some continue to see vaccinations [...] Read more.
In Australia, the National Immunisation Program and its Standard Vaccination Schedule are administered by the Australian Government Department of Health. While the public vaccination program’s safety and worth are generally agreed upon by doctors and public health professionals, some continue to see vaccinations as a source of danger and harm. The burden of vaccination in order to receive public services aligns government and medical interests, but a less-than-trusting public may see conspiracy in such requirements, resulting in vaccine hesitancy. The media’s attention to the topic, and a tendency toward misinformation on the part of anti-government opinion leaders, necessitate additional exploration of the administrative burden of vaccinations in an increasingly complex policy environment, where public health benefits are weighed against individual freedom and belief. This paper examines vaccinations as a burden, with costs in compliance, learning, and psychological terms, using posts from the social networking site Twitter as a corpus for exploratory content analysis in the specific case of Australia and its requirements. It is worth considering whether the positive aspects messaged by public health professionals are successfully entering into the discourse on vaccinations. Full article
13 pages, 1664 KiB  
Review
Seeking Gender Equality in the Tourism Sector: A Systematic Bibliometric Review
Knowledge 2021, 1(1), 12-24; https://doi.org/10.3390/knowledge1010003 - 29 Sep 2021
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 6875
Abstract
Sustainability in tourism cannot be achieved without decent work, gender equality and empowerment of all women. Most of the workforce in the tourism sector is women, and although this sector offers great opportunities for empowerment and gender equality, there are many inequalities that [...] Read more.
Sustainability in tourism cannot be achieved without decent work, gender equality and empowerment of all women. Most of the workforce in the tourism sector is women, and although this sector offers great opportunities for empowerment and gender equality, there are many inequalities that occur in it. To find solutions it is necessary to have a greater knowledge, and therefore it is necessary to analyze how the gender equality research is progressing. The objective of this paper is to analyse how the concept of gender equality in tourism is present in academic research. For this purpose, a systematic review of the existing scientific literature is carried out, based on a bibliometric review of the works on gender equality in the field of tourism published in the Scopus database. The analysis carried out shows that, although there has been a year-on-year increase in publications related to gender equality in the field of tourism, there are still few studies focused on this subjetc, and that only in the last time have they been linked to the family. The analysis also reveals that only a few journals and authors concentrate publications related to gender equality in tourism. Full article
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11 pages, 2348 KiB  
Article
Modes and Forms of Knowledge of Farming Entrepreneurship: An Ethnographic Analysis among Small Farmers in NW Italy
Knowledge 2021, 1(1), 2-11; https://doi.org/10.3390/knowledge1010002 - 08 Sep 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 2376
Abstract
This article investigates the modes and forms of knowledge underpinning farming entrepreneurship through an ethnographic case study of Alessandria province in NW Italy. It shows that farming entrepreneurs base their decisions on explicit and implicit knowledge encompassing forms of knowledge linked to the [...] Read more.
This article investigates the modes and forms of knowledge underpinning farming entrepreneurship through an ethnographic case study of Alessandria province in NW Italy. It shows that farming entrepreneurs base their decisions on explicit and implicit knowledge encompassing forms of knowledge linked to the environment where they live, their trade, the characteristics of their firms, issues concerning their family and private life, and even the emotions linked with their surroundings. All these forms of knowledge inform their vision of their future and guide them in their choices in terms of investments and crop selection. Accordingly, the article argues that farming entrepreneurship is embedded in the locale. Full article
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1 pages, 153 KiB  
Editorial
Knowledge—An Open Access Science and Technology Journal
Knowledge 2021, 1(1), 1; https://doi.org/10.3390/knowledge1010001 - 31 May 2021
Viewed by 2586
Abstract
In 2021, the 12th volume of Information [...] Full article
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