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Laminar Burning Velocities of Stoichiometric Inert-Diluted Methane-N2O Flames †

“Ilie Murgulescu” Institute of Physical Chemistry, Romanian Academy, 060021 Bucharest, Romania
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Presented at the 1st International Electronic Conference on Processes: Processes System Innovation, 17–31 May 2022; Available online:
Eng. Proc. 2022, 19(1), 23;
Published: 20 May 2022


Combustion and explosion of combustible mixtures are a major hazard that can occur anywhere from industry to energy use in households and, therefore, protective measures must be taken to limit these undesirable events. This study pays attention to the laminar burning velocity, an important parameter involved in the combustion process. The experimental laminar burning velocities of stoichiometric methane-nitrous oxide mixtures in the presence of diluents (50 vol% inerts: argon, helium, and carbon dioxide) were calculated from pressure-time records obtained in a spherical vessel with central ignition, using a correlation based on the cubic law of pressure rise during the early stage of explosion. The nitrous oxide (N2O)-based mixtures are frequently used as propellants in propulsion systems and supersonic wind tunnels, due to the nontoxicity, high saturation pressure, and the exothermic property during decomposition. However, N2O is an oxidizer that can cause safety concerns in technical applications where it is involved. The experimental data were compared with data from the literature on stoichiometric methane-nitrous oxide mixtures diluted with nitrogen and with the calculated laminar burning velocities obtained by numerical modelling of their premixed flames. The modelling was performed with Cosilab package, using GRI 3.0 mechanism, based on 53 chemical species and 325 elementary reactions. The influence of initial pressure (0.5 bar–1.75 bar) of stoichiometric inert-diluted methane-nitrous oxide mixtures on laminar burning velocities, maximum flame temperature, heat release rate, and peak concentrations of main reaction intermediates was investigated and discussed. Using the correlations of the laminar burning velocities with the initial pressure, the pressure exponent and overall reaction order of methane oxidation with nitrous oxide were determined. Obtaining a clear perspective on the laminar burning velocities of these flammable mixtures is of great importance for both assessing fire and explosion risks and guaranteeing safety in chemical and process industries.

Supplementary Materials

The conference poster is available at

Author Contributions

Conceptualization, M.M. and V.G.; software, M.M., V.G. and C.M.; validation, M.M. and D.R.; investigation, M.M., V.G. and C.M.; data curation, V.G., M.M., C.M. and A.M.M.; writing—original draft preparation, M.M. and D.R.; visualization, M.M., V.G. and C.M.; supervision, D.R. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.


This research received no external funding.

Institutional Review Board Statement

Not applicable.

Informed Consent Statement

Not applicable.

Data Availability Statement

Not applicable.


The present study was partially supported by the Romanian Academy under research project “Dynamics of fast oxidation and decomposition reactions in homogeneous systems” of Ilie Murgulescu Institute of Physical Chemistry.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mitu, M.; Movileanu, C.; Giurcan, V.; Musuc, A.M.; Razus, D. Laminar Burning Velocities of Stoichiometric Inert-Diluted Methane-N2O Flames. Eng. Proc. 2022, 19, 23.

AMA Style

Mitu M, Movileanu C, Giurcan V, Musuc AM, Razus D. Laminar Burning Velocities of Stoichiometric Inert-Diluted Methane-N2O Flames. Engineering Proceedings. 2022; 19(1):23.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mitu, Maria, Codina Movileanu, Venera Giurcan, Adina Magdalena Musuc, and Domnina Razus. 2022. "Laminar Burning Velocities of Stoichiometric Inert-Diluted Methane-N2O Flames" Engineering Proceedings 19, no. 1: 23.

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