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Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ., Volume 12, Issue 8 (August 2022) – 22 articles

Cover Story (view full-size image): Confinement was found to affect the psychosocial wellbeing of university students, as well as the number of coping strategies developed during this period. This study analysed the real impact that confinement has on their levels of emotional intelligence, coping strategies, anxiety, stress and depression through the use of three validated scales and questions related to the level of adherence to the measures designed by the government to address this situation. Findings verified that the circumstances in which they lived in confinement affected the variables considered, while there was a positive relationship between coping and levels of anxiety, depression and stress. View this paper
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24 pages, 529 KiB  
Review
Systematic Review of Mindfulness-Based Interventions in Child-Adolescent Population: A Developmental Perspective
by Bárbara Porter, Cristian Oyanadel, Fabiola Sáez-Delgado, Ana Andaur and Wenceslao Peñate
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(8), 1220-1243; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12080085 - 22 Aug 2022
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 4529
Abstract
Human development implies deep changes in cognitive, attentional, emotional, and behavioral skills. Therefore, Mindfulness-Based Interventions (MBIs) should be adapted in terms of dose, frequency, kind of exercises, assessment methods, and expected effects regarding the abilities and limitations of each developmental period. The present [...] Read more.
Human development implies deep changes in cognitive, attentional, emotional, and behavioral skills. Therefore, Mindfulness-Based Interventions (MBIs) should be adapted in terms of dose, frequency, kind of exercises, assessment methods, and expected effects regarding the abilities and limitations of each developmental period. The present review seeks to describe and compare MBIs characteristics, assessment methods, and effects in youth between 3 and 18 years old considering four developmental periods. A systematic review was carried out including experimental primary studies published during the last five years. Results show that the frequency of the sessions and program duration varies widely. Differences were observed in instructors’ training and in assessment strategies. Discrepancies were observed regarding the effects of MBIs both within and between periods in cognitive, socio-emotional, symptoms, and mindfulness variables. Consistency was observed in prosocial behaviors for preschoolers, and in emotional and behavioral problems and hyperactivity in ages between preschool and early adolescence. Nevertheless, it was impossible to compare most results and determine consistency or discrepancy due to the lack of studies. Regarding mindfulness, it is defined and assessed in different ways in each period. Orientations are suggested to move from a compartmentalized view of isolated MBIs, towards an integrative perspective that allows tracing developmental trajectories for mindfulness and other key cognitive and socioemotional skills for children and adolescents. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emotional Problems and Mindful/Acceptance Frameworks)
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15 pages, 357 KiB  
Article
The Detection of Early Reading Performance and Its Relationship with Biopsychosocial Risk Factors in the Study of Learning Difficulties
by Cristina Quiroga Bernardos, Santiago López Gómez, Patricia María Iglesias Souto, Rosa María Rivas Torres and Eva María Taboada Ares
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(8), 1205-1219; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12080084 - 20 Aug 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1700
Abstract
The study of the multiple processes involved in learning how to read can contribute towards the early detection of good and bad readers. However, it is necessary to take into consideration different biopsychosocial risk factors (pre- and perigestational, neonatal, medical, developmental and family-related) [...] Read more.
The study of the multiple processes involved in learning how to read can contribute towards the early detection of good and bad readers. However, it is necessary to take into consideration different biopsychosocial risk factors (pre- and perigestational, neonatal, medical, developmental and family-related) that may have a significant impact on neurodevelopment, producing atypical cognitive development that could lead to the presence of reading difficulties. The objective of this study was to identify the main psycholinguistic abilities involved in the early reading performance and analyse their relationship to biopsychosocial risk factors. A total of 110 subjects between the ages of 4 and 7 years old and enrolled in state-run schools in Spain participated in the study. Significant correlations were found between different psycholinguistic abilities and certain biopsychosocial risk factors (having had hyperbilirubinemia, having obtained a score lower than 9 on the Apgar test, having had language problems or a sibling with dyslexia). This relationship should be taken into account in the study of learning difficulties as a potential indicator to predict later reading development and even the presence of developmental dyslexia. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Factors Related to School Coexistence at Different Educational Stages)
14 pages, 311 KiB  
Article
Social Differences in Health Behaviours among Jordanian Adolescents
by Abdullah S. Alshammari, Bettina F. Piko, Tamás Berki and Kevin M. Fitzpatrick
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(8), 1191-1204; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12080083 - 19 Aug 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1344
Abstract
Social differences are evident in both developed and developing countries. During adolescence, there are limited differences in morbidity and mortality, but differences do appear in terms of health behaviours. This study aims to examine the relationship(s) between social differences and students’ health behaviours. [...] Read more.
Social differences are evident in both developed and developing countries. During adolescence, there are limited differences in morbidity and mortality, but differences do appear in terms of health behaviours. This study aims to examine the relationship(s) between social differences and students’ health behaviours. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2020 with a sample of high school students (N = 2741, aged 13–18 years) in Jordan. Besides descriptive statistics, bivariate logistic regression analysis was used to detect the odds risk for each social difference indicator. Females were engaged in more healthy dietary and hygienic behaviours and less engaged in smoking. Males were more physically active. Adolescents with a higher parental education level were more engaged in healthy behaviours; however, they drank carbonated soft drinks and ate fast food more often. Higher SES (socioeconomic status) self-evaluation was positively associated with eating breakfast and fruit and vegetables, being physically active, drinking carbonated soft drinks, eating fast food, and smoking. Our findings suggest that socioeconomic differences are important to understanding Jordanian adolescents’ health behaviours. While females tend to engage in more healthy behaviours, the role of parental education and perceived family affluence is not always beneficial in terms of adolescents’ dietary habits, hygienic behaviour, or smoking. Full article
12 pages, 693 KiB  
Article
Validation of the French Smoking Cessation Motivation Scale with French Smokers Using a Mobile App for Smoking Cessation
by Luz Adriana Bustamante and Lucia Romo
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(8), 1179-1190; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12080082 - 19 Aug 2022
Viewed by 1707
Abstract
To tailor and predict the outcomes of smoking cessation treatment, it is essential to identify the nature of motivation, as it is the basis for long-term change in healthy behaviors according to self-determination theory (SDT). The purpose of this study is to examine [...] Read more.
To tailor and predict the outcomes of smoking cessation treatment, it is essential to identify the nature of motivation, as it is the basis for long-term change in healthy behaviors according to self-determination theory (SDT). The purpose of this study is to examine the psychometric properties of the French Smoking Cessation Motivation Scale (F-SCMS). The factorial structure and the psychometric properties were assessed with French-speaking users who had started a 9-step preparation program through a mobile app for smoking cessation (n = 13,044). The results of the present study confirmed content validity (CFI = 0.905, SRMR = 0.045, RMSEA = 0.087) and good internal consistency (α = 0.86, ωh = 0.7, ωt = 0.89) with CFA. The convergent validity was very small, but there were highly significant positive correlations between the willingness and readiness to quit with integrated and intrinsic subscales (rs = 0.25–0.37, p < 0.001). The amotivation subscale significantly had no correlation with any degree of willingness (r = 0.01, p < 0.001), ability (r = 0.01, p < 0.001), and readiness to quit (r = 0.02, p < 0.001). This scale facilitates future research regarding the nature of motivation to quit smoking in the French-speaking population. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Health Psychology: Theories, Methods and Applications)
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11 pages, 564 KiB  
Article
Psychometric Validation of the Portuguese Version of the Modern Homonegativity Scale among Portuguese College Students
by Ana Belén García-Berbén, Henrique Pereira, Adrián S. Lara-Garrido, Gloria Álvarez-Bernardo and Graça Esgalhado
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(8), 1168-1178; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12080081 - 18 Aug 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1570
Abstract
The studies focused on analysing attitudes toward homosexuality show that the manifestation of homonegativity has evolved into more modern forms. We therefore propose using instruments that capture subtle aspects in discrimination against gay and lesbian people. The objective of this study is twofold. [...] Read more.
The studies focused on analysing attitudes toward homosexuality show that the manifestation of homonegativity has evolved into more modern forms. We therefore propose using instruments that capture subtle aspects in discrimination against gay and lesbian people. The objective of this study is twofold. First, we aim to adapt and validate the Portuguese version of the Modern Homonegativity Scale. Second, we set out to analyse the modern homonegativity shown by Portuguese university students. The scale includes two parallel subscales (MHS-Gay Men and MHS-Lesbian Women), each with 12 items. Six hundred and forty-one Portuguese college students between 18 and 27 years of age participated in the study (Mage = 21.23; SD = 1.88). The results demonstrate the unidimensionality of the scale and a high degree of internal consistency, along with satisfactory fit indices. Those people who identified as male and heterosexual showed greater modern homonegativity. We conclude that the Portuguese version of the MHS is valid and reliable for evaluating modern homonegativity in Portugal. Full article
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25 pages, 1009 KiB  
Review
Towards A Socioeconomic Model of Sleep Health among the Canadian Population: A Systematic Review of the Relationship between Age, Income, Employment, Education, Social Class, Socioeconomic Status and Sleep Disparities
by F. A. Etindele Sosso, Marta Kreidlmayer, Dess Pearson and Imene Bendaoud
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(8), 1143-1167; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12080080 - 16 Aug 2022
Cited by 16 | Viewed by 3894
Abstract
A better understanding of the contribution of the socioeconomic status (SES) in sleep health could guide the development of population-based interventions aiming to reduce “the silent public health issue” that are sleep disturbances. PRISMA was employed to identify relevant studies having examined the [...] Read more.
A better understanding of the contribution of the socioeconomic status (SES) in sleep health could guide the development of population-based interventions aiming to reduce “the silent public health issue” that are sleep disturbances. PRISMA was employed to identify relevant studies having examined the association between social class, social capital, education, income/assets, occupation/employment status, neighborhood deprivation and sleep health. Sixteen cross-sectional and three longitudinal studies were selected, having sampled 226,029 participants aged from 2 months to 85 years old. Findings showed that: (1) sleep health disparities among children and adolescent are strongly correlated to parental socioeconomic indicators; (2) poor parental income, poor family SES and poor parental education are associated with higher sleep disturbances among children and adolescents; (3) lower education is a predictor of increased sleep disturbances for adults; (4) low SES is associated with high sleep disturbances in adults and old people and; (5) low income and full-time employment was significantly associated with short sleep among adults and old people. In conclusion, sleep health should be an important public health target. Such intervention would be beneficial for populational health, for all taxpayers and public administrations, which would see a reduction in absenteeism and productivity losses attributable to sleep-related health problems in the global economy. Full article
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22 pages, 1912 KiB  
Article
Exploring Factors Affecting Graduate Students’ Satisfaction toward E-Learning in the Era of the COVID-19 Crisis
by Lubna Ali Mohammed, Musheer A. Aljaberi, Asra Amidi, Rasheed Abdulsalam, Chung-Ying Lin, Rukman Awang Hamat and Atiyeh M. Abdallah
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(8), 1121-1142; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12080079 - 15 Aug 2022
Cited by 29 | Viewed by 4644
Abstract
Background: Shifting the educational system from a traditional to an online context during COVID-19 necessitated several considerations to assure students’ satisfaction with e-learning. Aim: This study aims to explore the factors influencing students’ satisfaction with e-learning during the COVID-19 crisis. In particular, it [...] Read more.
Background: Shifting the educational system from a traditional to an online context during COVID-19 necessitated several considerations to assure students’ satisfaction with e-learning. Aim: This study aims to explore the factors influencing students’ satisfaction with e-learning during the COVID-19 crisis. In particular, it tests multiple mediations, student factors, and system quality between students’ satisfaction and each course evaluation and instructor’s performance. Methodology: In this cross-sectional study, 258 undergraduate and postgraduate students enrolled in online courses at multiple Malaysian universities were recruited using non-probabilistic purposive sampling. Data were collected using a questionnaire that assessed four factors that influenced students’ satisfaction with e-learning during the COVID-19 crisis (i.e., instructor performance, course evaluation, student factors, and system quality) and analyzed using the partial least squares route structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM). Results: The results indicated that the four factors were significantly associated with students’ satisfaction with e-learning during COVID-19. Student factors and system quality were the most factors predicting students’ satisfaction with e-learning. Findings indicate statistically significant relationships between the instructor’s performance, student factors, course evaluation, and system quality on students’ satisfaction. Furthermore, the results depict that both course evaluation and system quality serially mediate the relationship between instructors’ performance and students’ satisfaction. Conclusion: This study finds that improving and enhancing student factors and system quality is critical for students’ satisfaction with e-learning. Furthermore, e-learning platforms should contain new advances of computer-mediated technologies that enable collaboration, which is a critical factor in the success of e-learning systems. Full article
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13 pages, 473 KiB  
Article
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Types and Social Media: Are Social Media Important and Impactful for OCD People?
by Andrea Guazzini, Mustafa Can Gursesli, Elena Serritella, Margherita Tani and Mirko Duradoni
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(8), 1108-1120; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12080078 - 15 Aug 2022
Cited by 16 | Viewed by 11528
Abstract
Social media (SM) are the new standard for social interaction and people with OCD use such platforms like everyone else. However, the research on these individuals provides limited, sporadic, and difficult-to-generalize data outside of social-media evidence for one specific context concerning how SM [...] Read more.
Social media (SM) are the new standard for social interaction and people with OCD use such platforms like everyone else. However, the research on these individuals provides limited, sporadic, and difficult-to-generalize data outside of social-media evidence for one specific context concerning how SM is experienced by people with OCD. Our cross-sectional study involved 660 participants (71.4% females, 28.6% males) with 22% of the sample surpassing the 90° percentile threshold to be identified as high-level OCD-symptomatic individuals. Our work highlighted that roughly all OCD types are affected by social media in terms of mood and that these individuals appeared to give SM more importance than non-OCD individuals. The evidence presented, although very narrow, can be conceived as the first building blocks to encourage future research considering how individuals with OCD experience social media, since they appear to be affected more by them compared to non-OCD individuals. Full article
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26 pages, 665 KiB  
Article
Pharmacy Students’ Mental Health and Resilience in COVID-19: An Assessment after One Year of Online Education
by Dalal Hammoudi Halat, Samar Younes, Jihan Safwan, Zeina Akiki, Marwan Akel and Mohamad Rahal
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(8), 1082-1107; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12080077 - 15 Aug 2022
Cited by 13 | Viewed by 2731
Abstract
COVID-19 has impacted mental health and affected education due to the shift to remote learning. The purpose of the current study was to assess the mental health of pharmacy students one year following the onset of the pandemic. A descriptive cross-sectional questionnaire was [...] Read more.
COVID-19 has impacted mental health and affected education due to the shift to remote learning. The purpose of the current study was to assess the mental health of pharmacy students one year following the onset of the pandemic. A descriptive cross-sectional questionnaire was distributed to pharmacy students. The severity of depression, anxiety, and stress was assessed by the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21), and resilience was assessed by the Brief Resilience Scale (BRS). COVID-19-related economic, educational, and health stressors, and students’ vaccine attitudes were surveyed. Descriptive, bivariate, and multivariable analysis were used, and a p-value of <0.05 was considered significant. A total of 561 students participated; 37% had mild-to-moderate depression, 37% had severe-to-extremely-severe anxiety, and 52% demonstrated normal stress levels. Severe depression, anxiety, and stress were associated with smoking and feeling isolated due to COVID-19. Around 40% of students had low resilience, associated with smoking, being in the third or fourth year of pharmacy study, and the consumption of caffeinated beverages. The mean score of satisfaction with online learning was 60.3 ± 21.3%. Only 5% of participants were vaccinated, of which 87% trusted the benefits of vaccines and their role in controlling the pandemic. One year after the onset of COVID-19, depression, anxiety, stress, and low resilience were observed among pharmacy students; the investigation of the long-term mental effects of the pandemic on university students is warranted. Full article
(This article belongs to the Collection Teaching Innovation in Higher Education: Areas of Knowledge)
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15 pages, 405 KiB  
Article
Courage as Mediator between Positive Resources and General/Domain-Specific Well-Being Indices
by Ernesto Lodi, Lucrezia Perrella, Rita Zarbo and Patrizia Patrizi
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(8), 1067-1081; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12080076 - 13 Aug 2022
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 2912
Abstract
Background: the current post-pandemic situation has exacerbated the effects already present due to the recent socio-economic crises belonging to the first two decades of this century: perception of instability, fears, concern for the future, underemployment, undignified work. This situation has negatively impacted life [...] Read more.
Background: the current post-pandemic situation has exacerbated the effects already present due to the recent socio-economic crises belonging to the first two decades of this century: perception of instability, fears, concern for the future, underemployment, undignified work. This situation has negatively impacted life in general, career paths, and perceived quality of life, especially for new generations. Positive resources such as optimism and hope can have a positive effect in countering these effects which are impacting student academic satisfaction, life satisfaction, and flourishing. In the hypothesis, courage acts as a mediator for both domain-specific and general well-being, as perceived by college students. Methods: the research involved 410 Italian university students. Five rating scales were used: Visions About the Future, Courage Measure, Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), the Flourishing Scale, and College Satisfaction Scale. Results: All research variables were significantly and positively correlated. The mediation model almost totally confirmed the hypotheses, as the relationship between optimism and academic satisfaction was totally mediated by courage. In other cases, optimism and hope had both a direct and an indirect effect, mediated by courage, on the life satisfaction, academic satisfaction, and flourishing of college students. Conclusions: the findings are discussed with recent theories and research on this topic, and suggestions are provided with practical implications for those involved in supporting the choice and construction of career paths. Full article
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17 pages, 859 KiB  
Article
Cross-Sectional Associations between Playing Sports or Electronic Games in Leisure Time and Life Satisfaction in 12-Year-Old Children from the European Union
by Diego Gomez-Baya, Hugo Sarmento, Javier Augusto Nicoletti and Francisco Jose Garcia-Moro
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(8), 1050-1066; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12080075 - 13 Aug 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 2654
Abstract
Leisure time activities in childhood may have a crucial role in the development of subjective well-being. Nevertheless, more research is needed with cross-national samples concerning the differential effects of lifestyles on life satisfaction. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to analyze the [...] Read more.
Leisure time activities in childhood may have a crucial role in the development of subjective well-being. Nevertheless, more research is needed with cross-national samples concerning the differential effects of lifestyles on life satisfaction. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to analyze the associations between the frequency of playing sports/exercise or playing electronic games on life satisfaction in a sample of 12-year-old children from nine countries from the European Union. The data used in this publication come from the third wave of the Children’s Worlds project, an international survey of children’s lives and well-being whose administration started in 2017. The sample was composed of 10,626 children (50.9% boys) from Estonia, Belgium, Croatia, Hungary, Italy, Malta, Poland, Romania, and Spain. They completed the Student Life Satisfaction Scale and answered two questions to assess the frequency of playing sport or exercise, and the frequency of playing electronic games. The results indicated notable scores in life satisfaction in all participating countries. The results showed some differences between boys and girls, and among the countries, in the frequency of sport practice and electronic games in the leisure time, as well as in the overall level of life satisfaction. The results also underlined that sport practice had a greater positive effect on life satisfaction than the use of electronic games. Thus, this study highlights the need to design programs to promote sport practice in leisure time for 12-year-old children in Europe, in order to protect their subjective well-being. Full article
(This article belongs to the Collection Variables Related to Well-Being in Adolescence)
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16 pages, 647 KiB  
Article
Interpersonal Adaptation, Self-Efficacy, and Metacognitive Skills in Italian Adolescents with Specific Learning Disorders: A Cross-Sectional Study
by Elena Commodari, Valentina Lucia La Rosa, Elisabetta Sagone and Maria Luisa Indiana
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(8), 1034-1049; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12080074 - 10 Aug 2022
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 2209
Abstract
This study aimed to explore interpersonal adaptation, generalized self-efficacy, and metacognitive skills in a sample of Italian adolescents with and without a specific learning disorder (SLD). A total of 564 secondary and high school students (males = 236; females = 328; age range: [...] Read more.
This study aimed to explore interpersonal adaptation, generalized self-efficacy, and metacognitive skills in a sample of Italian adolescents with and without a specific learning disorder (SLD). A total of 564 secondary and high school students (males = 236; females = 328; age range: 11–19; M = 16.14, SD = 1.70) completed a set of standardized tests assessing social and interpersonal skills (non-affirmation, impulsiveness, narcissism, social preoccupation, and stress in social situations), general self-efficacy, and metacognition. Students with SLD reported a lower interpersonal adaptation than students without SLD. Furthermore, students with SLD were more impulsive and had more problems handling social situations. They also reported lower levels of self-efficacy but higher metacognition scores than peers without SLD. The use of compensatory tools was associated with better interpersonal skills and higher levels of self-efficacy in students with SLD. Finally, using these instruments is predictive of high levels of metacognitive skills in adolescents with SLD. In line with the previous literature, this study showed the presence of a gap between adolescents with and without an SLD in terms of interpersonal adaptation, general self-efficacy, and metacognitive skills in the school context. Further studies are needed on the psychological well-being of adolescents with SLD and especially on the protective role of personal, social, and environmental characteristics. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Factors Related to School Coexistence at Different Educational Stages)
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13 pages, 809 KiB  
Article
Standing Posture in Motor and Cognitive Dual-Tasks during Smartphone Use: Linear and Nonlinear Analysis of Postural Control
by Marina Saraiva, Orlando J. Fernandes, João Paulo Vilas-Boas and Maria António Castro
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(8), 1021-1033; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12080073 - 9 Aug 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2373
Abstract
Analysis of the center of pressure (CoP) during cognitive or motor dual-tasking is widely used to characterize postural control. Most studies use traditional measures of CoP to quantify postural control, but given its complexity, nonlinear analysis of CoP is of growing interest in [...] Read more.
Analysis of the center of pressure (CoP) during cognitive or motor dual-tasking is widely used to characterize postural control. Most studies use traditional measures of CoP to quantify postural control, but given its complexity, nonlinear analysis of CoP is of growing interest in the area. This study aims to analyze CoP behavior in healthy young adults during standing posture performance while simultaneously performing motor or cognitive tasks on a smartphone, using linear and nonlinear analysis of CoP. Thirty-six healthy participants (23.08 ± 3.92 years) were found eligible for this study. They performed a single task (ST), cognitive dual-task (cog-DT), and motor dual-task (mot-DT). The total excursion of CoP, displacement of CoP in the anterior-posterior and medial-lateral directions, mean total velocity of CoP, and mean anterior-posterior and medial-lateral velocities of CoP were measured with a force plate. Approximate entropy (ApEn) of the anterior-posterior (ApEn-AP) and medial-lateral (ApEn-ML) displacement of CoP were also calculated. The results showed that dual-task costs for the total excursion, displacement in the anterior-posterior direction, mean total velocity, and mean anterior-posterior velocity of CoP were greater during the cog-DT than the mot-DT (p < 0.05). In the nonlinear analysis of the CoP, there was no difference (p > 0.05) between the cog-DT and mot-DT for ApEn values of the anterior-posterior and medial-lateral time series of the CoP. Both linear and nonlinear analyses showed differences between the cog-DT and ST (p < 0.05), revealing a decline in postural control during the cog-DT compared with the ST. In conclusion, performing a cog-DT causes sway impairments and lower postural control efficacy compared with motor single and dual-tasks. Furthermore, both linear and nonlinear analyses were able to distinguish between conditions. Full article
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15 pages, 15261 KiB  
Article
Spatial Variation in Educational Quality in Colombia Based on the Phenomena of Agglomeration and Academic Segregation
by Geovanny Castro-Aristizabal, Gregorio Giménez-Esteban, David Arango-Londoño, Esteban Moreno-Cediel and Maribel Castillo-Caicedo
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(8), 1006-1020; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12080072 - 5 Aug 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1954
Abstract
This study seeks to measure the degree of agglomeration of educational quality in Colombia, based on the nonsocialization of the population that exhibits low educational quality, with the population that exhibits high educational quality, and thus determine how such agglomeration affects the phenomenon [...] Read more.
This study seeks to measure the degree of agglomeration of educational quality in Colombia, based on the nonsocialization of the population that exhibits low educational quality, with the population that exhibits high educational quality, and thus determine how such agglomeration affects the phenomenon of academic segregation. To this end, we perform a spatial analysis of the educational quality in Colombia and of variables that may influence the phenomenon of educational agglomeration. The level of agglomeration in educational quality in Colombia is demonstrated by the calculation of the Moran’s Index, in which a result of 0.62 was obtained. High educational quality is concentrated in the Andean region, while low educational quality is agglomerated in the periphery of the country, in areas such as the Pacific region. A spatial regression model was carried out to measure the dependence of municipalities on their neighbors, and to determine the main socio-economic factors affecting the phenomenon of educational agglomeration in Colombia, finding that living conditions, unsatisfied basic needs and fiscal transparency all have an impact on the educational quality of the municipalities. It is also found that the number of homicides in the municipalities does not seem to have a significant relationship with education. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Insights in the Teaching and Learning of Geography)
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17 pages, 1471 KiB  
Article
Impact of the Pandemic on STEAM Disciplines in the Sixth Grade of Primary Education
by Pablo Dúo-Terrón, Francisco-Javier Hinojo-Lucena, Antonio-José Moreno-Guerrero and Jesús López-Belmonte
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(8), 989-1005; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12080071 - 4 Aug 2022
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 2612
Abstract
The demand for professionals entering the labor market requires knowledge and disciplines in the areas of Science, Technology, Engineering, Art and Mathematics (STEAM). Schools are the first link to train competent students for today’s society. However, the pandemic has conditioned the teaching–learning methodologies [...] Read more.
The demand for professionals entering the labor market requires knowledge and disciplines in the areas of Science, Technology, Engineering, Art and Mathematics (STEAM). Schools are the first link to train competent students for today’s society. However, the pandemic has conditioned the teaching–learning methodologies based on promoting STEAM in educational centers, which is the reason that leads us to carry out this study. The main objective of the research is to evaluate the STEAM dimensions in the sixth grade of primary education in times of pandemic. The study method is based on a quasi-experimental, descriptive and correlational design with an experimental group and a control group. The data are collected through a validated questionnaire, pre-test and post-test, which develops an assessment of student collaboration in STEAM activities. The sample is made up of 142 Spanish students, of which 68 belong to the control group and 74 to the experimental group. The conclusions of the study highlight that the active methodologies, based on computational thinking and on makerspaces of the future classroom, influenced the STEAM dimensions of the experimental group before the pandemic. However, the pandemic and the health restrictions in face-to-face classes led to a negative assessment of the experimental group in the STEAM dimensions. Full article
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14 pages, 478 KiB  
Article
Development and Initial Validation of the Safety Training Engagement Scale (STE-S)
by Marco Giovanni Mariani, Gerardo Petruzziello, Michela Vignoli and Dina Guglielmi
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(8), 975-988; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12080070 - 2 Aug 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 2268
Abstract
Safety training promotes safety at work, in particular through the use of engaging methods. This study introduces a newly developed measure of individual engagement in safety training, and aims to analyze the psychometric proprieties of the scale. The safety training engagement scale (STE) [...] Read more.
Safety training promotes safety at work, in particular through the use of engaging methods. This study introduces a newly developed measure of individual engagement in safety training, and aims to analyze the psychometric proprieties of the scale. The safety training engagement scale (STE) consists of five items pertaining to the trainee’s dedication and absorption in a safety training session. Two studies are carried out to analyze the validity of the scale. The first study focuses on the construct (internal) validity, to examine the scale’s internal consistency and dimensional structure. The second study seeks to provide further evidence for construct validity by testing the external validity of the scale. The sample consists of 913 (study 1) and 133 (study 2) participants in safety training programs in the field of the chemical industry who were invited to fill the STE scale after attending a safety training course. The results provide support to affirm the validity and reliability of the scale. The discussion describes the implication and the limitations of using the STE scale in practical safety training programs, and outlines recommendations for research to improve the scale’s robustness. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Safety Training Effectiveness: A Research Agenda)
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27 pages, 1466 KiB  
Article
Metacognition in Argumentative Writing Based on Multiple Sources in Geography Education
by Diana Gebele, Alexandra L. Zepter, Pia Königs and Alexandra Budke
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(8), 948-974; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12080069 - 1 Aug 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2110
Abstract
This paper addresses questions about the use of metacognitive strategies in argumentative writing based on multiple sources and the influence of this use on the quality of student texts. For this purpose, think-aloud protocols and texts from a research project on material-supported argumentative [...] Read more.
This paper addresses questions about the use of metacognitive strategies in argumentative writing based on multiple sources and the influence of this use on the quality of student texts. For this purpose, think-aloud protocols and texts from a research project on material-supported argumentative writing in 8th grade geography lessons are analyzed and discussed. The analysis is based on a model of metacognition in argumentative writing using multiple sources, which we also propose in this paper. The results show that the use of metacognitive strategies is a challenge for the investigated target group but that their use, in particular the deployment of goal-setting strategies and planning strategies, enables students to write better texts. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Insights in the Teaching and Learning of Geography)
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3 pages, 210 KiB  
Editorial
Coping with Everyday Stress, Assessment and Relationships, Psychological Adjustment, Well-Being and Socioemotional Adjustment
by Francisco Manuel Morales Rodríguez
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(8), 945-947; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12080068 - 1 Aug 2022
Viewed by 1367
Abstract
The use of effective or functional coping strategies guarantees quality of life and psychological well-being in different stages of development [...] Full article
12 pages, 342 KiB  
Article
Impact of Confinement on Coping Strategies and Psychosocial Factors among University Students
by Carla Gutiérrez-Lozano, Inmaculada García-Martínez, José María Augusto-Landa and Samuel P. León
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(8), 933-944; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12080067 - 1 Aug 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 2031
Abstract
The pandemic has had psychological effects on the university population. Factors such as emotional intelligence, coping strategies and levels of anxiety, depression and stress have been affected by the situation generated by COVID-19. This study aims to analyze how EI, coping strategies and [...] Read more.
The pandemic has had psychological effects on the university population. Factors such as emotional intelligence, coping strategies and levels of anxiety, depression and stress have been affected by the situation generated by COVID-19. This study aims to analyze how EI, coping strategies and levels of anxiety, depression and stress have been affected by the situation generated by the pandemic in a population of 567 students from the University of Jaén (Spain). For this purpose, we administered three instruments: the Wong and Law emotional intelligence scale (WLEIS), the Spanish version of the coping strategies inventory (CSI) and the depression anxiety stress scales (DASS-21). At the same time, we asked students to describe their personal circumstances during confinement and their tendency to follow the measures and recommendations promoted by the Ministry of Health. The results obtained showed a positive relationship between EI and coping strategies and a negative relationship with levels of depression, anxiety and stress. A positive relationship was also found between coping and levels of anxiety, depression and stress. It was also found that the circumstances in which students experienced the period of confinement also modulated their levels of EI, coping strategies and their levels of depression, anxiety and stress. Full article
(This article belongs to the Collection Variables Related to Well-Being in Adolescence)
29 pages, 970 KiB  
Review
Technology-Mediated Sexual Interactions, Social Anxiety, and Sexual Wellbeing: A Scoping Review
by Krystelle Shaughnessy, Cassandra J. Fehr, Marilyn Ashley, Justine Braham, Patrick R. Labelle, Allison J. Ouimet, Serena Corsini-Munt, Andrea R. Ashbaugh and Elke D. Reissing
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(8), 904-932; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12080066 - 29 Jul 2022
Viewed by 2567
Abstract
Technology-mediated sexual interactions (TMSI) are interpersonal exchanges via technology of self-created sexual material, including photos, videos, and auditory or text messages. There is little research on the factors that predict both TMSI experiences and their sexual wellbeing outcomes. Social anxiety is anxiety experienced [...] Read more.
Technology-mediated sexual interactions (TMSI) are interpersonal exchanges via technology of self-created sexual material, including photos, videos, and auditory or text messages. There is little research on the factors that predict both TMSI experiences and their sexual wellbeing outcomes. Social anxiety is anxiety experienced in response to social or performance situations. From a cognitive–behavioural perspective, people higher in social anxiety may avoid TMSI, preventing positive or negative consequences. They also may use TMSI to avoid the anxiety caused by in-person sexual interactions, benefiting from access to sexual interactions while perpetuating anxiety about them. The purpose of this scoping review was to explore the role of social anxiety in TMSI and its sexual wellbeing outcomes. We executed a comprehensive search strategy across eight academic databases and searched reference lists of included articles. We included 19 articles written in English or French that had a human sample and were published between 1991 and 2021 and evaluated connections between social anxiety constructs (e.g., shyness, anxiety) and TMSI-related experiences (e.g., sexting, internet sex addiction). The pattern of results suggested that social anxiety constructs may predict some but not all forms of TMSI. Future research from a cognitive–behavioural perspective will expand knowledge on social anxiety, TMSI, and its sexual wellbeing outcomes. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Current and Emerging Aspects of Cybersexuality)
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11 pages, 318 KiB  
Article
Validity of the Computerized Battery for Neuropsychological Evaluation of Children (BENCI) in Spanish Children: Preliminary Results
by Manuel Fernández-Alcántara, Natalia Albaladejo-Blázquez, María Inmaculada Fernández-Ávalos, Miriam Sánchez-SanSegundo, Francisco Cruz-Quintana, Vanesa Pérez-Martínez, Claudia Carrasco-Sánchez and María Nieves Pérez-Marfil
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(8), 893-903; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12080065 - 23 Jul 2022
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 1809
Abstract
Study of the neurodevelopment of children is vital to promote good quality of life during childhood. Few batteries showing adequate reliability and validity indices are available to evaluate the different neuropsychological domains. The objective of this study was to obtain initial evidence on [...] Read more.
Study of the neurodevelopment of children is vital to promote good quality of life during childhood. Few batteries showing adequate reliability and validity indices are available to evaluate the different neuropsychological domains. The objective of this study was to obtain initial evidence on the validity of the Computerized Battery for Neuropsychological Evaluation of Children (BENCI) in a Spanish population. To assess the validity of the BENCI battery and other measures of task switching, abstract reasoning, linguistic abilities, processing speed, and attention were used. The sample was composed of a total of 73 children aged 9, 10, and 11 years. Significant differences among age groups were observed in the domains of sustained attention, memory, and executive function. In addition, the BENCI subtests showed statistically significant correlations with the other neuropsychological tools. Further research is warranted on the relationship of the BENCI with other tests in wider age groups and to assess the factorial structure of the scale and the reliability values of the subtests. In conclusion, this study seems to indicate that the Spanish version of the BENCI has promising validity to be used for evaluating the main neuropsychological domains in children. Full article
11 pages, 4953 KiB  
Article
Regional Lean Soft Tissue and Intracellular Water Are Associated with Changes in Lower-Body Neuromuscular Performance: A Pilot Study in Elite Soccer Players
by Tindaro Bongiovanni, Grant Tinsley, Giulia Martera, Carmine Orlandi, Federico Genovesi, Giuseppe Puleo, Alessio Rossi and Athos Trecroci
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2022, 12(8), 882-892; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe12080064 - 22 Jul 2022
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 2152
Abstract
The assessment of body composition over a competitive season provides valuable information that can help sports professionals to evaluate the efficacy of training and nutritional strategies, as well as monitoring athletes’ health status. The purpose of this study was to examine the association [...] Read more.
The assessment of body composition over a competitive season provides valuable information that can help sports professionals to evaluate the efficacy of training and nutritional strategies, as well as monitoring athletes’ health status. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of changes in body composition and hydration status with changes in lower-body neuromuscular performance in soccer. Twenty-two male professional soccer players (mean ± SD; age: 26.4 ± 4.8 years; height: 184.3 ± 5.7 cm; body mass: 81.1 ± 6.5 kg; body fat: 11.6 ± 1.5%) took part in the study, for which they were tested at the initial and final stage of the competitive season. Total (whole body) and regional (arms and legs) lean soft tissue (LST) were estimated to obtain the body composition profile. Total body water (TBW) content, including extracellular (ECW) and intracellular (ICW) water, was obtained to monitor players’ hydration status. Countermovement jump (CMJ) height, power, and strength were used to derive players’ lower-body neuromuscular performance. The results showed that changes in legs LST and ICW significantly (p < 0.01) explained (r2 = 0.39) the improvements in CMJ height, power, and strength from the initial to the final stage of the season. Given the high demand imposed on the lower limbs during a soccer season, being more susceptible to change compared to whole-body LST, assessing regional LST and ICW would be more appropriate to provide extended information on players’ readiness. Full article
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