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Renewable Energy and Power System Transformation: Striving towards Carbon Neutrality

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Energy Sustainability".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2024 | Viewed by 522

Special Issue Editors

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Guest Editor
School of Electrical Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
Interests: integrated energy system and power system optimization with renewable energy generation; reliability and risk analysis

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Guest Editor
College of Electrical and Power Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
Interests: integrated energy system; power system planning and operation; virtual power plant; resilience

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Due to worldwide targets for carbon emission reduction and carbon neutrality, power systems around the world are undergoing significant changes. The increasing integration of low-cost variable renewable energy (VRE), the deployment of distributed energy resources (DER), and growing opportunities for electrification have been witnessed in the process of power system transformation.

However, as the penetration ratio of renewable energy continues to grow, the characteristics of randomness, variability, weak inertia, and damping have posed great challenges to power planning, operation, and control. There is an urgent need to provide efficient, safe, and diverse technological choices for the construction of net-zero power and energy systems.

Numerous technologies and methods have been developed in this area in recent years. Therefore, this Special Issue provides a platform to strengthen interdisciplinary research and share the dynamics, cutting-edge research, and practice for renewable energy and power system transformation within the scope of sustainability.

In this Special Issue, original research articles and reviews are welcome. Research areas may include (but are not limited to) the following:

  • The mechanisms for the further proliferation and integration of renewable energy resources including wind, solar, and so on.
  • The operation, planning, and economics of decarbonization pathways in reaching net-zero targets in electrical power and integrated energy systems.
  • Reliability evaluation and risk analysis of power and integrated energy systems considering climate shocks and natural disasters.
  • Electrical power and energy system solutions for the decarbonization of transportation (road, rail, maritime, air, intermodal, and pipeline), industrial, and real estate sectors.
  • System-level solutions and analysis of integrating carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) technologies.
  • The mechanisms and solutions for carbon markets, virtual power plants, and transactive energy and their role in addressing climate change issues in electrical power and integrated energy systems.

We look forward to receiving your contributions.

Dr. Changzheng Shao
Dr. Yizhou Zhou
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • renewable energy
  • power system
  • integrated energy system

Published Papers (1 paper)

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21 pages, 1727 KiB  
Functional-Combination-Based Comprehensive Benefit Evaluation of Energy Storage Projects under Source-Grid-Load Scenarios via Super-Efficiency DEA
by Hong Qu and Ze Ye
Sustainability 2024, 16(10), 4278; - 19 May 2024
Viewed by 321
As an important support for power systems with high penetration of sustainable energy, the energy storage system (ESS) has changed the traditional model of simultaneous implementation of electricity production and consumption. Its installed capacity under the source-grid-load scenario is rising year by year, [...] Read more.
As an important support for power systems with high penetration of sustainable energy, the energy storage system (ESS) has changed the traditional model of simultaneous implementation of electricity production and consumption. Its installed capacity under the source-grid-load scenario is rising year by year, contributing to sustainable development, but it faces the problems of insufficient utilization and benefits. This study analyzes the functional combination of ESS under source-grid-load scenarios. A comprehensive benefit evaluation method of energy storage projects (ESPs), based on a fuzzy decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL) and super-efficiency data envelopment analysis (DEA), is proposed. Firstly, the functional requirements of energy storage in source-grid-load scenarios are explored, and the characteristics of various functions are analyzed to form eight functional combination schemes. Secondly, index modeling is carried out from three aspects—the whole life cycle cost, functional combination benefits, and social and environmental benefits—and a comprehensive benefit evaluation index system of ESP is proposed. Then, the intuitionistic trapezoidal fuzzy number (ITFN) is combined with DEMATEL to form an effective analysis method for the input–output relationship of the indices, and the comprehensive evaluation is realized based on the SE-DEA model. Compared with other methods, this model can ensure the objectivity and stability of the evaluation results in ESP evaluation. Finally, the effectiveness of the proposed evaluation method and the rationality of the functional combination are verified under source-grid-load scenarios. The calculation results show that in the application scenario of source-grid-load, after adopting the functional combination scheme formulated in this article, the comprehensive investment benefits of ESPs have been improved. Moreover, the source side effect is at its best, with an efficiency value of 2.209. Full article
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