Special Issue "Effects of Diet and Exercise on Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease"
A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion".
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 October 2023 | Viewed by 151
Interests: renal rehabilitation; salt restriction; uremic sarcopenia; autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease; peritoneal dialysis; kidney transplantation
The population of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) worldwide is both growing and aging. Recent evidence suggests that drugs such as sodium–glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors or mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists attenuate the progression of CKD. However, self-management is the cornerstone of treatment for all illnesses, and the same is true for CKD; such self-management includes proper exercise habits and restriction of salt and protein intake.
There is much evidence that in patients with CKD, less salt intake is associated with better outcomes; however, the degree to which interventions to reduce salt intake improve outcomes has not been well described. The reasons for this may include the difficulty for patients in measuring their actual salt intake. Protein restriction is similarly difficult to measure; furthermore, protein restriction in patients with CKD who also have sarcopenia or are frail is controversial. Evidence of the efficacy of other special diets, including ketogenic, plant-based, and Mediterranean diets, is lacking.
According to accumulating evidence, exercise interventions improve exercise capacity, health-related quality of life, and other clinical parameters in patients with non-dialysis-dependent CKD, those receiving hemodialysis, and renal transplant recipients. However, the methods and durations of exercise therapy vary among the studies, and the effects of exercise intervention on measurable outcomes, including cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality, remain unclear.
From these perspectives, we believe that the focus of this Special Issue, “Effects of Diet and Exercise on Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease”, is still an area in development, and related investigations are of much interest. We encourage the submission of original research articles, reviews, and meta-analyses, especially those combining a high academic standard coupled with a practical focus on optimizing diet and exercise therapies in patients with CKD.
Dr. Kiyotaka Uchiyama
Manuscript Submission Information
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- renal rehabilitation
- salt restriction
- uremic sarcopenia
- protein restriction
- ketogenic diet