Material/Circuit Design and Energy Analysis for Complex Electronic Systems

A special issue of Electronics (ISSN 2079-9292). This special issue belongs to the section "Circuit and Signal Processing".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 October 2024 | Viewed by 3102

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
College of Electronic and Information Engineering, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
Interests: micro/nano fabrication process; nano energy harvesting process
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
Interests: triboelectric nanogenerator for energy harvesting; charge excitation strategy; energy harvesting technology based on magnetostrictive/piezoelectric composite transducer; wearable electronics for health care; self-powered sensor and systems
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

A complex electronic system encompasses a comprehensive set of integrated functions and intricate circuits. The incorporation and application of interdisciplinary technologies(AI chips, biosensor, 3D IC, etc.)have further elevated its capabilities. The selection of materials forms the foundation of circuit design. Silicon, for instance, exhibits low thermal noise and excellent thermal stability, making it suitable for designing microelectronic devices with low power consumption. The design of materials and corresponding device structure directly impacts circuit performance and desired functions. On the other hand, efficient energy design plays a vital role in enhancing energy efficiency and reducing power consumption. Power supply in electronic systems encounters challenges related to supply efficiency, stability, capacity, and matching power demands. It is essential to consider various factors, such as power supply characteristics and circuit design, while comprehensively utilizing light energy, mechanical energy, and other available energy sources from the environment. A suitable energy harvest approach ensures the reliability and efficiency of the power supply, enabling the circuit to meet its operational requirements.

Topics of interests include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Artificial intelligence design;
  • Self-powered technology such as nano generator;
  • Thermal/electrical analysis for 3D integrated circuits;
  • Biosensors for electronics;
  • Circuits design approach.

Technical Program Committee Member:
Name: He Shijie
Affiliation: Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Macau, Macau 999078, China
Research Interests: analog integrated circuit design; analog to digital converter

Prof. Dr. Zhiyuan Zhu
Dr. Zhiming Lin
Guest Editors

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Keywords

  • energy management and storage
  • circuit design
  • materials
  • nanogenerators

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Review

16 pages, 10083 KiB  
Review
Triboelectric Nanogenerator-Based Electronic Sensor System for Food Applications
by Yutong Wang, Weifeng Jin, Langhong Wang and Zhiyuan Zhu
Electronics 2023, 12(23), 4880; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics12234880 - 4 Dec 2023
Viewed by 1546
Abstract
Triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) have garnered significant attention due to their ability to efficiently harvest energy from the surrounding environment and from living organisms, as well as to enable the efficient utilization of various materials, such as organic polymers, metals, and inorganic compounds. As [...] Read more.
Triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) have garnered significant attention due to their ability to efficiently harvest energy from the surrounding environment and from living organisms, as well as to enable the efficient utilization of various materials, such as organic polymers, metals, and inorganic compounds. As a result, TENGs represent an emerging class of self-powered devices that can power small sensors or serve as multifunctional sensors themselves to detect a variety of physical and chemical stimuli. In this context, TENGs are expected to play a pivotal role in the entire process of food manufacturing. The rapid development of the Internet of Things and sensor technology has built a huge platform for sensor systems for food testing. TENG-based sensor data provide novel judgment and classification features, offering a fast and convenient means of food safety detection. This review comprehensively summarizes the latest progress in the application of TENGs in the food field, mainly involving food quality testing, food monitoring, food safety, and agricultural production. We also introduce different TENG-based, self-powered devices for food detection and improvement from the perspective of material strategies and manufacturing solutions. Finally, we discuss the current challenges and potential opportunities for future development of TENGs in the food field. We hope that this work can provide new insights into the structural and electronic design of TENGs, thereby benefiting environmental protection and food health. Full article
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14 pages, 3383 KiB  
Review
Recent Advance of Triboelectric Nanogenerator-Based Electrical Stimulation in Healthcare
by Xiaoke Wang, Yiming Wang, Shijin Nie and Zhiming Lin
Electronics 2023, 12(21), 4477; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics12214477 - 31 Oct 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1181
Abstract
Along with the continuous aging of the population, various diseases have brought a great threat to human health and a large economic burden. The development of advanced medical devices has gained global attention for disease treatment. Electrical stimulation refers to stimulation and treatment [...] Read more.
Along with the continuous aging of the population, various diseases have brought a great threat to human health and a large economic burden. The development of advanced medical devices has gained global attention for disease treatment. Electrical stimulation refers to stimulation and treatment of cells by high output voltage, which is an important rehabilitation and therapeutic strategy in medical treatment. Triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs), which are lightweight and feature high-voltage output and flexible structure, have drawn great attention in the field of disease treatment for health care. The conversion of the body’s mechanical energy into electrical pulses to stimulate cells for health treatment through TENG has promising applications. Using uniquely designed TENGs to convert human mechanical energy into electrical impulses to stimulate cells is considered a promising health treatment. Here, we review the recent progress of TENG-based electrical stimulation for disease treatments, focusing on the structure, materials, and performances of the TENGs used in diverse facets of healthcare. More importantly, we systematically discuss the application of TENG-based electrical stimulation in wound healing, osteoblast proliferation and differentiation, muscle stimulation, nerve stimulation, and pacemakers. Finally, several developmental challenges of and prospective solutions for TENG-based electrical stimulation are discussed and summarized in light of recent advances. Full article
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