New Perspectives in Diagnosis and Management of Eye Diseases

A special issue of Diagnostics (ISSN 2075-4418). This special issue belongs to the section "Optical Diagnostics".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 October 2024 | Viewed by 1733

Special Issue Editor


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Guest Editor
Department of Sense Organs, Sapienza University of Rome, Head and Neck Department, Policlinico Umberto I University Hospital, 155, Viale del Policlinico 155, 00161 Rome, Italy
Interests: eye disease; retina; Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT); OCT-Angiography; age related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, macular pucker, macular hole, retinal detachment

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In the last few years, the ophthalmological world has been revolutionized by technological advances in the diagnosis and management of eye diseases. The new generation of non-invasive diagnostic tools, such as spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography, has dramatically improved the timing and accuracy in the diagnosis of severe retinal diseases, such as age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, macular pucker, macular hole, retinal detachment, etc. 

Further, the progress in the therapeutic approach of different eye diseases has allowed better results in terms of visual prognosis. Today, the medical treatment of retinal diseases such as exudative age-related macular degeneration, diabetic macular edema, and macular edema post-retinal vein occlusion uses different types of antivascular endothelial growth factor intravitreal administration and slow-release steroid systems.

The technological progress in the use of mini-invasive surgical instruments has made surgery less traumatic, more effective, and faster, mostly in the field of vitreoretinal surgery, where, currently, small gauge vitrectomy, such as 25 gauge and 27 gauge, is becoming routine. The aim of this Special Issue is to describe “the state of the art” and updates in the diagnosis and management of ophthalmological diseases, focusing on new diagnostic and therapeutic perspectives. 

Dr. Ludovico Iannetti
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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Published Papers (1 paper)

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8 pages, 27363 KiB  
Case Report
Management of Spontaneous Crystalline Lens Luxation in a Patient Diagnosed with Takayasu’s Disease
by Elvia Mastrogiuseppe, Maria Pia Pirraglia, Lorenzo Sampalmieri, Ludovico Iannetti, Alessandro Beccia and Magda Gharbiya
Diagnostics 2023, 13(8), 1400; https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics13081400 - 12 Apr 2023
Viewed by 1327
Abstract
Takayasu’s disease is a chronic granulomatous arteriopathy that affects large vessels and their major branches. Nonspecific symptoms characterize the early phase, whereas findings of arterial occlusion and aneurysmal formation become manifest later. Ocular signs typically refer to retinal vascular involvement, as Takayasu arteritis [...] Read more.
Takayasu’s disease is a chronic granulomatous arteriopathy that affects large vessels and their major branches. Nonspecific symptoms characterize the early phase, whereas findings of arterial occlusion and aneurysmal formation become manifest later. Ocular signs typically refer to retinal vascular involvement, as Takayasu arteritis or hypertensive retinopathy. We report a case of a 63-year-old woman suffering from Takayasu arteritis that complained of sudden onset of blurred vision in her left eye due to crystalline lens luxation in the vitreous cavity. The patient’s past medical history was unremarkable for trauma, personal or familiar collagenopathies. Prompt surgical management was performed and the patient reached 0 LogMAR seven days after surgery. Our case illustrates the concomitant occurrence, never reported before, of two rare conditions in the same patient, namely, Takayasu arteritis and spontaneous lens dislocation. Further research and future knowledge are needed to explain whether Takayasu arteritis could obliquely injure zonular or fibrillar structures and whether these features may be possibly related. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Perspectives in Diagnosis and Management of Eye Diseases)
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