Research on the Sustainable and Smart Energy Performances of Low-Carbon Buildings

A special issue of Buildings (ISSN 2075-5309). This special issue belongs to the section "Building Energy, Physics, Environment, and Systems".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 July 2024 | Viewed by 882

Special Issue Editors

Innovation Institute for Sustainable Maritime Architecture Research and Technology, Qingdao University of Technology, Qingdao 266033, China
Interests: renewable energy utilization; energy flexibility and resilience; built environment; system optimization

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Guest Editor
School of Mechanical and energy Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai China
Interests: building energy system; design and operation of integrated energy systems; smart energy; energy-flexible building

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The energy consumption and carbon emissions of buildings during construction and operation account for a huge proportion of final energy usage. The deep electrification of building energy and the introduction of distributed renewable energy can significantly reduce building carbon emissions. However, the growth of electricity demand and the volatility of renewable output have brought a dual impact on the stable operation of the power grid. With various resources emerging as potential decarbonization options, the dynamics of energy systems continue to increase, and attributes such as energy flexibility, resilience and reliability are gaining significant importance. Energy system planning and operational optimization from a system perspective can better identify the appropriate technology candidates. On the basis of maintaining a low-carbon energy structure in buildings, enhancing the flexibility and resilience of building energy and achieving personalized smart energy management are the keys to solving the problem. Smart energy management strategies, active demand side participation and rapid fault response throughout the life cycle of building energy systems will have a positive impact on this.

The aim of this Special Issue is to discuss the sustainable and smart energy performances of green low-carbon buildings from an independent or integrated perspective of design, construction, operation and maintenance.

Dr. Yanxue Li
Dr. Fanyue Qian
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Buildings is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • building energy system
  • low-carbon building
  • distributed renewable energy
  • energy-flexible building
  • smart energy
  • built environement
  • optimization and control

Published Papers (1 paper)

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34 pages, 120160 KiB  
Enhancing the Thermal and Energy Performance of Clay Bricks with Recycled Cultivated Pleurotus florida Waste
by Marwa Kamal Fahmy, M. M. Ahmed, Sally A. Ali, Dalia Tarek, Ibrahim M. Maafa, Ayman Yousef and Ayman Ragab
Buildings 2024, 14(3), 736; - 8 Mar 2024
Viewed by 725
The development of energy-efficient and sustainable building materials is imperative to reduce energy consumption in the construction sector. This study addresses both the applied problem of increased solar heat gain and decreased indoor thermal comfort, as well as the scientific problem of reducing [...] Read more.
The development of energy-efficient and sustainable building materials is imperative to reduce energy consumption in the construction sector. This study addresses both the applied problem of increased solar heat gain and decreased indoor thermal comfort, as well as the scientific problem of reducing the thermal conductivity of clay bricks. It investigates the incorporation of recycled spent mushroom materials, consisting of Pleurotus florida mycelia and rice husk waste, as a novel additive in the production of fired clay bricks (FCBs) to enhance thermal insulation properties. The developed bricks were utilized in an optimized wall design for a residential building in New Cairo, Egypt. The wall design is created using energy modeling software, including Honeybee, Ladybug, Climate Studio, and Galapagos. The results demonstrate that an optimal waste content of 15% and a firing temperature of 900 °C yield the best thermal performance. Compared to traditional FCB walls, the new design incorporating the florida waste additive significantly improves thermal comfort, as indicated by a lower predicted mean vote and predicted percentage of dissatisfaction. Furthermore, the developed walls contribute to a reduction in CO2 emissions of 6% and a decrease in total energy consumption of 38.8%. The incorporation of recycled florida waste offers a sustainable approach to enhancing standard brick fabrication processes. This work highlights the promise of agricultural waste valuation for the development of eco-friendly and energy-efficient building materials. Future research should explore the mechanical strength, acoustics, cost–benefit analysis, and field implementation of the developed walls, thereby addressing both the scientific and applied aspects of the problem. Full article
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