Special Issue "Biomolecules Involved in Plant Immune System"
A special issue of Biomolecules (ISSN 2218-273X).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (1 September 2022) | Viewed by 323
Interests: plant immune system; healthy soil; beneficial microorganisms; biological control agents; plant parasites; sustainable plant protection
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Plants, same as all long-lived organisms, must discern between self and non-self to survive in a challenging environment. The capability to recognize and react to non-self is deputed to a complex immune system which must be highly specific, with restricted self-reactivity, and able to generate a lifelong “memory” of the attacking pathogens/parasites. Plants, through co-evolution with pathogens/parasites, have produced intracellular immune receptors known as resistance (R) proteins. Recognition of pathogens/parasites effectors triggers the production of many biomolecules which can be toxic to the invading pest (anti-microbial molecules) and/or induce a hypersensitive response (HR), which is typically associated with programmed cell death (PCD) and tissue necrosis. Local HR can also “immunize” the whole plant against future infections.
Although the mechanisms of recognition and immune responses have been extensively studied in the recent past, the role of the many biomolecules involved is still to be clarified. We need to obtain insights into the role of many transcription factors, pathogenesis-related proteins, inflammatory and anti-inflammatory compounds, hormones, reactive oxygen species, antioxidant systems, etc., to determine the expression of immunity against the most important pathogens and parasites.
Therefore, the scope of this Special Issue is to collect original research articles and up-to-date reviews on the abovementioned biomolecules to better understand the molecular mechanisms of plant immunology which present high analogies with those operating in animal and human immunology.
I look forward to receiving your contributions.
Dr. Sergio Molinari
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