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Platforms, Volume 2, Issue 2 (June 2024) – 2 articles

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16 pages, 1297 KiB  
Article
Energy Sector Evolution: Perspectives on Energy Platforms and Energy Transition
by Mohamed Wael Ben Khaled and Nadia Ouertani Abaoub
Platforms 2024, 2(2), 68-83; https://doi.org/10.3390/platforms2020005 - 11 May 2024
Viewed by 782
Abstract
Digital platforms are becoming more important in transforming the energy industry and altering the way we produce, distribute, and use energy. This paper explores the role of energy platforms in the transition towards renewable energy. We highlight, through real-life examples, that these platforms [...] Read more.
Digital platforms are becoming more important in transforming the energy industry and altering the way we produce, distribute, and use energy. This paper explores the role of energy platforms in the transition towards renewable energy. We highlight, through real-life examples, that these platforms foster a participatory approach, convert consumers into proactive participants, democratize energy production, and encourage innovation in areas such as storage, electric mobility, and renewable project investments. Through a comprehensive review of the current literature, technological advancements, and emerging business models, we identify the possible key contributions of digital platforms to the energy sector. These platforms offer personalized user experiences, mutual benefits for users and companies, adaptability to market changes, support for peer-to-peer trade, and a reduction in bureaucracy. We then present a pioneering conceptual model by Liu et al. (2022), which integrates the energy cloud, digital platform, and transaction platform and we explore the business model of energy platforms. This business model is characterized by connectivity, innovative pricing, and revenue strategies independent of physical asset ownership. Advanced technologies like artificial intelligence and blockchain facilitate peer-to-peer energy trading, dynamic pricing, and a focus on transaction and access fees over traditional cost structures. Drawing on the business model and previous analysis we update the conceptual model for energy platforms to present a practical vision through a holistic approach. Full article
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13 pages, 277 KiB  
Article
Local Government Debt, Local Government Financing Platforms, and Green Development Efficiency
by Yonghao Guan, Jingjin Wu and Yiqi He
Platforms 2024, 2(2), 55-67; https://doi.org/10.3390/platforms2020004 - 22 Apr 2024
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Abstract
Local government debt (LGD), an important financing tool for local governments to achieve high-quality development, especially through the expansion of urban investment bonds led by local investment and financing platforms, has a significant impact on green development efficiency (GDE). This article starts from [...] Read more.
Local government debt (LGD), an important financing tool for local governments to achieve high-quality development, especially through the expansion of urban investment bonds led by local investment and financing platforms, has a significant impact on green development efficiency (GDE). This article starts from LGD, selects data from 30 provinces from 2010 to 2019, and uses a two-way fixed-effect model and mediation-effect model to empirically analyze the impact of LGD on GDE. The research results show that LGD has a significant inhibitory effect on GDE, and LGD can indirectly affect GDE through the degree of industrialization and the number of the urban population. This article suggests that the government should make even fuller use of LGD funds, optimize the use of relevant funds, standardize the operation of local government investment and financing platforms, reduce debt risks, promote industrial structure upgrading, promote urban population resettlement measures, and improve China’s GDE. Full article
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