Next Article in Journal
Cyclic 1H-Phospolane Oxides as a Potential Candidate for Cancer Therapy
Previous Article in Journal
A Facile Method for Assessing the Change in Detonation Properties during Chemical Functionalization: The Case of NH2→NHNO2 and NH2→=N+=N Conversions
Font Type:
Arial Georgia Verdana
Font Size:
Aa Aa Aa
Line Spacing:
Column Width:
Proceeding Paper

A New Hybrid Molecule Based on (5Z,9Z)-icosa-5,9-dienoic Acid and Monocarbonyl Derivatives of Curcuminoids †

Institute of Petrochemistry and Catalysis, Ufa Federal Research Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, 141 Prospekt Oktyabrya, Ufa 450075, Russia
N. D. Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky Prospekt, 47, Moscow 119991, Russia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Presented at the 26th International Electronic Conference on Synthetic Organic Chemistry, 15–30 November 2022; Available online:
Chem. Proc. 2022, 12(1), 45;
Published: 16 November 2022


Efficient methods for the synthesis of previously undescribed hybrid compounds based on monocarbonyl derivatives of curcumin and 5Z,9Z-dienoic acid with yields of 58–66% are presented. The key monomer, (5Z,9Z)-icosa-5,9-dienoic acid, was prepared using the stereoselective cross-cyclomagnesiation reaction of aliphatic and oxygen-containing 1,2-dienes catalyzed by Cp2TiCl2.

1. Introduction

Over the past years, a strategy has been actively developed for obtaining molecular hybrids containing pharmacophore groups of known biologically active compounds in their structures. The rationale for this approach is based on the supposed synergistic interaction of two pharmacologically active components with the intended target, which can significantly increase the effectiveness of the compounds obtained [1,2].
It is believed that the use of hybrid molecules minimizes the risk of interactions between different drugs when used together, and each component of the hybrid is able to balance the side effects of the other and avoid potential drug resistance [3,4,5,6,7].
Since ancient times, curcumin has been of great interest to researchers, exhibiting a variety of pharmacological activities. However, the high metabolic instability, poor absorption and bioavailability of natural curcumin are deterrents to its active use in pharmacology and medicinal chemistry. In this regard, new synthetic analogs are being developed; for example, by changing the number of carbon atoms in the middle linker chain, monocarbonyl derivatives of curcuminoids have been obtained, which exhibit high antitumor and antibacterial properties, while having low toxicity and greater bioavailability compared to curcumin [8,9,10,11,12].
A large number of hybrid compounds based on curcuminoids have been synthesized, which show high cytotoxic, neuroprotective, antibacterial, and antiviral activities in vitro and in vivo, while maintaining low toxicity. It should be noted that the activity of hybrid compounds is much higher than the activity of the original derivatives. Moreover, this approach allows the improvement of the bioavailability of compounds and transport through the membranes of cell organelles, as well as protecting active substances from enzymatic degradation [13,14,15,16,17,18].
It is known that 5Z,9Z-dienoic acids belonging to the class of bis-methylene-interrupted fatty acids exhibit antimalarial, antimicrobial, antibacterial and antitumor activities [19,20,21,22].
A low-step stereoselective method for the preparation of natural and synthetic 5Z,9Z-dienoic fatty acids has recently been developed [23]. The studies performed have shown that the unsaturated acids synthesized by us, and new derivatives obtained on their basis, demonstrate antitumor activity in vitro against a number of tumor cell lines [24,25,26,27,28].
In the development of our research, taking the above into account, we decided to implement the idea of synthesizing new hybrid molecules based on biologically active (5Z,9Z)-icosa-5,9-dienoic acid and curcumin monocarbonyl derivatives.

2. Results and Discussion

The synthetic strategy for obtaining the target hybrid molecules included preliminary synthesis of (5Z,9Z)-icosa-5,9-dienoic acid 4 based on the use of original Ti-catalyzed intermolecular cross-cyclomagnesiation of aliphatic and O-containing 1,2-dienes with Grignard reagents.
Thus, the reaction of 1,2-tridecadiene 1 and 2-(5,6-heptadien-1-yloxy)tetrahydropyran 2 with EtMgBr in the presence of magnesium metal and the Cp2TiCl2 catalyst and subsequent acid hydrolysis received 2-(((5Z,9Z)-icosa-5,9-dien-1-yl)oxy)tetrahydro-2H-pyran 3. Jones oxidation of tetrahydropyran ester 3 led to the formation of (5Z,9Z)-icosa-5,9-dienoic acid 4 (Scheme 1).
The reaction of intermolecular esterification of vanillin with acid 4, according to Steglich, using N,N′-diisopropylcarbodiimide (DIC) and 4-(Dimethylamino)pyridine (DMAP), formed conjugate 5. At the final stage, using Claisen–Schmidt condensation of ester 5 in an alkaline medium with various ketones (acetone, cyclopentanone, cyclohexanone), the target hybrid compounds 6 were synthesized (Scheme 1).
The structure of the resulting compounds 6 was established using combined experimental methods, including one-dimensional (1H, 13C) and two-dimensional heteronuclear correlation NMR experiments (HSQC, HMBC), as well as mass spectrometry (HRMS).

3. Materials and Methods

Reactions were carried out in an inert atmosphere. Solvents were dried (diethyl ether over Na, dichloromethane over P2O5) and freshly distilled before use. Commercial 5-hexyn-1-ol and Cp2TiCl2 (Aldrich) were used without preliminary purification. The individuality and purity of the synthesized compounds were controlled using TLC on Silufol UV-254 plates; anisic aldehyde in acetic acid was used as a developer. One- (1H, 13C) and two-dimensional heteronuclear (HSQC, HMBC) NMR spectra were recorded in CDCl3 on Bruker Avance-400 ((400.13 MHz (1H), 100.62 MHz (13C)) instruments. The mass spectra were obtained on an UltraFlex III TOF/TOF (Bruker Daltonik GmbH, Bremen, Germany) operating in linear (TOF) and reflection (TOF/TOF) positive and negative ion modes. S8 and DCTB (trans-2-[3-(4-tert-butylphenyl)-2-methyl-2-propenyliden]malononitrile) were used as the matrix.
General procedure of Steglich esterification.
Vanillin (4.2 mmol, 1 eq.), in an argon atmosphere, was dissolved in dry methylene chloride (50 mL), then (5Z,9Z)-icosa-5,9-dienoic acid 4 (5 mmol, 1.2 eq.) and DMAP (5 mmol, 1.2 eq.) were added. The reaction mixture was cooled to 0 °C, and for 30 min, dropwise DIC (4.2 mmol, 1 eq.) dissolved in methylene chloride (10 mL) was added. The resulting reaction mass was stirred at room temperature (8 h) and the reaction was controlled using TLC. The resulting precipitate was filtered, the solvent was evaporated and the remaining product was purified by column chromatography (SiO2, eluent PE:EA = 8:1).
4-formyl-2-methoxyphenyl-(5Z,9Z)-icosa-5,9-dienoate (5). 1H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz): δ (ppm) = 9.90 (s, 1H, COH), 7.45 (dd, J = 11.1, 3.0 Hz, 2H), 7.18 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 5.44–5.38 (m, 4H, CH=CH), 3.86 (s, 3H, OCH3), 2.58 (t, 2H, CH2-COO, J = 7.2 Hz), 2.11–2.03 (m, 8H, CH2CH=), 1.73 (q, 2H, CH2, J = 7.2 Hz), 1.37–1.27 (m, 16H, CH2), 0.90 (t, 3H, CH3, J = 7.0 Hz). 13C NMR (101 MHz, CDCl3): δ (ppm) = 191.0, 171.2, 152.0, 145.1, 135.1, 130.5, 130.6, 129.9, 129.7, 124.7, 123.4, 110.8, 56.0, 33.9, 31.9, 29.7, 29.6, 29.5, 29.3, 29.2, 29.1, 28.9, 27.2, 27.2, 27.1, 24.9, 22.7, 14.1. HRMS (ESI-TOF), [M + Na]+ calcd. for: C28H42O4Na 465.2975; found 465.2983. Yield 68%.
General procedure for the synthesis of hybrid molecules.
To conjugate 5 (10 mmol, 2 equiv.) dissolved in 10 mL of ethanol (96%), ketone (5 mmol, 1 equiv.) was added and stirred for 15 min at room temperature. Then, a solution of sodium hydroxide (0.4 g) in water (10 mL) was added dropwise and the reaction mixture was stirred for 48 h at room temperature. The progress of the reaction was monitored by TLC. At the end of the reaction, water (20 mL) was added to the reaction mass and extracted with methylene chloride (3*50 mL). The organic layer was dried over MgSO4 and the product was isolated by column chromatography (SiO2, eluent PE:EA = 4:1).
((1E,4E)-3-oxopenta-1,4-diene-1,5-diyl)bis(2-methoxy-4,1-phenylene) (5Z,5′Z,9Z,9′Z)-bis(icosa-5,9-dienoate) (6b). 1H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz): δ (ppm) = 7.61–7.56 (m, 2H), 7.47–7.38 (m, 4H), 7.18–7.04 (m, 4H), 5.46–5.36 (m, 8H, CH=CH), 3.87 (s, 6H, OCH3), 2.58 (t, 4H, CH2-COO, J = 7.2 Hz), 2.14–2.02 (m, 16H, CH2CH=), 1.75–1.68 (m, 4H, CH2), 1.38–1.26 (m, 32H, CH2), 0.90 (t, 6H, CH3, J =6.8 Hz). 13C NMR (101 MHz, CDCl3): δ (ppm) = 190.9, 174.9, 151.7, 147.2, 130.2, 130.1, 129.9, 128.0, 127.9, 127.6, 124.8, 123.4, 114.4, 108.8, 56.1, 33.9, 31.5, 29.7, 29.6, 29.5, 29.4, 29.2, 29.1, 28.9, 27.2, 27.2, 27.1, 24.9, 22.6, 14.2. HRMS (ESI-TOF), [M + Na]+ calcd. for: C59H86O7Na 929.6266, found 929.6271. Yield 66%.
((1E,1′E)-(2-oxocyclopentane-1,3-diylidene)bis(methanylylidene))bis(2-methoxy-4,1-phenylene) (5Z,5′Z,9Z,9′Z)-bis(icosa-5,9-dienoate) (6b). 1H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz): δ (ppm) = 7.65–7.58(m, 2H), 7.44–7.35 (m, 4H), 7.10–6.99 (m, 2H), 5.43–5.32 (m, 8H, CH=CH), 3.90 (s, 6H, OCH3), 2.96–2.85 (m, 4H, CH2), 2.62 (t, 4H, CH2-COO, J = 7.1 Hz), 2.12–2.01 (m, 16H, CH2CH=), 1.76–1.64 (m, 4H, CH2), 1.36–1.18 (m, 32H, CH2), 0.91 (t, 6H, CH3, J = 6.8 Hz). 13C NMR (101 MHz, CDCl3): δ (ppm) = 195.4, 174.7, 151.8, 141.9, 134.8, 130.1, 130.0, 129.8, 128.4, 128.1, 126.2, 124.7, 115.4, 108.6, 56.4, 33.8, 31.6, 29.7, 29.6, 29.5, 29.3, 29.2, 29.1, 28.8, 27.3, 27.2, 27.1, 24.9, 24.5, 22.6, 14.1. HRMS (ESI-TOF), [M + Na]+ calcd. for: C61H88O7Na 955.6422, found 955.6434. Yield 58%.
((1E,1′E)-(2-oxocyclohexane-1,3-diylidene)bis(methanylylidene))bis(2-methoxy-4,1-phenylene) (5Z,5′Z,9Z,9′Z)-bis(icosa-5,9-dienoate) (6c). 1H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz): δ (ppm) = 7.64–7.57 (m, 2H), 7.43–7.35 (m, 4H), 7.11–7.01 (m, 2H), 5.44–5.32 (m, 8H, CH=CH), 3.89 (s, 6H, OCH3), 2.89–2.78 (m, 4H, CH2), 2.61 (t, 4H, CH2-COO, J = 7.1 Hz), 2.12–2.01 (m, 16H, CH2CH=), 1.86–1.64 (m, 6H, CH2), 1.37–1.22 (m, 32H, CH2), 0.91 (t, 6H, CH3, J = 6.8 Hz). 13C NMR (101 MHz, CDCl3): δ (ppm) = 189.9, 174.9, 151.9, 139.8, 136.8, 130.1, 130.0, 129.8, 128.4, 127.5, 126.9, 124.4, 114.8, 108.2, 56.2, 33.9, 31.5, 29.7, 29.6, 29.5, 29.4, 29.2, 29.1, 28.8, 28.4, 27.3, 27.2, 27.1, 24.9, 23.1, 22.6, 14.1. HRMS (ESI-TOF), [M + Na]+ calcd. for: C62H90O7Na 969.6579, found 969.6568. Yield 59%.

4. Conclusions

As a result of this research, hybrid molecules based on biologically active monocarbonyl derivatives of curcumin and (5Z,9Z)-icosa-5,9-dienoic acid were synthesized for the first time. The resulting conjugates may be of potential interest as synthetic precursors in the development of drugs with antitumor activity.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization, U.D. and I.I.; methodology, validation, and execution of chemistry experiments, S.S., A.Y. and I.I.; manuscript preparation, A.Y., U.D. and I.I. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.


The part work was funded by Grants of the President of the Russian Federation MK-126.2021.1.3.

Institutional Review Board Statement

Not applicable.

Informed Consent Statement

Not applicable.

Data Availability Statement

Data available on request.


The work was carried out within approved plans for research projects at the IPC RAS State Registration No. FMRS-2022-0075. The structural studies of the synthesized compounds were performed with the use of Collective Usage Centre “Agidel” at the Institute of Petrochemistry and Catalysis of RAS.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


  1. Gediya, L.K.; Njar, V.C.O. Promise and challenges in drug discovery and development of hybrid anticancer drugs. Exp. Opin. Drug Disc. 2009, 4, 1099–1111. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Fortin, S.; Berube, G. Advances in the development of hybrid anticancer drugs. Exp. Opin. Drug Disc. 2013, 8, 1029–1047. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Rather, M.A.; Bhat, B.A.; Qurishi, M.A. Multicomponent phytotherapeutic approach gaining momentum: Is the “one drug to fit all” model breaking down? Phytomedicine 2013, 21, 1–14. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Nepali, K.; Sharma, S.; Kumar, D.; Budhiraja, A.; Dhar, K.L. Anticancer hybrids-a patent survey. Recent Pat. Anticancer Drug Discov. 2014, 9, 303–339. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  5. Bansal, Y.; Silakari, O. Multifunctional compounds: Smart molecules for multifactorial diseases. Eur. J. Med. Chem. 2014, 76, 31–42. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  6. Morphy, R.; Kay, C.; Rankovic, Z. From magic bullets to designed multiple ligands. Drug Discov. Today 2004, 9, 641–651. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  7. Nepali, K.; Sharma, S.; Sharma, M.; Bedi, P.M.S.; Dhar, K.L. Rational approaches, design strategies, structure activity relationship and mechanistic insights for anticancer hybrids. Eur. J. Med. Chem. 2014, 77, 422–487. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  8. Liang, G.; Shao, L.; Wang, Y.; Zhao, C.; Chu, Y.; Xiao, J.; Zhao, Y.; Li, X.; Yang, S. Exploration and synthesis of curcumin analogues with improved structural stability both in vitro and in vivo as cytotoxic agents. Bioorg. Med. Chem. 2009, 17, 2623–2631. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  9. Sanabria-Rios, D.J.; Rivera-Torres, Y.; Rosario, J.; Gutierrez, R.; Torres-García, Y.; Montano, N.; Ortíz-Soto, G.; Rios-Olivares, E.; Rodriguez, J.W.; Carballeira, N.M. Chemical conjugation of 2-hexadecynoic acid to C5-curcumin enhances its antibacterial activity against multi-drug resistant bacteria. Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 2015, 25, 5067–5071. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  10. Leow, P.C.; Bahety, P.; Boon, C.P.; Lee, C.Y.; Tan, K.L.; Yang, T.; Ee, P.L. Functionalized curcumin analogs as potent modulators of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. Eur. J. Med. Chem. 2014, 71, 67–80. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  11. Pan, Z.; Chen, C.; Zhou, Y.; Xu, F.; Xu, Y. Synthesis and Cytotoxic Evaluation of Monocarbonyl Analogs of Curcumin as Potential Anti-Tumor Agents. Drug Dev. Res. 2016, 77, 43–49. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Kohyama, A.; Yamakoshi, H.; Hongo, S.; Kanoh, N.; Shibata, H.; Iwabuchi, Y. Structure-Activity Relationships of the Antitumor C5-Curcuminoid GO-Y030. Molecules 2015, 20, 15374–15391. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Teiten, M.H.; Dicato, M.; Diederich, M. Hybrid curcumin compounds: A new strategy for cancer treatment. Molecules 2014, 19, 20839–20863. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. Noureddin, S.A.; El-Shishtawy, R.M.; Al-Footy, K.O. Curcumin analogues and their hybrid molecules as multifunctional drugs. Eur. J. Med. Chem. 2019, 182, 111631. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  15. Dias, K.S.T.; de Paula, C.T.; dos Santos, T.; Souza, I.N.O.; Boni, M.S.; Guimarães, M.J.R.; da Silva, F.M.R.; Castro, N.G.; Neves, G.; Veloso, C.C.; et al. Design, synthesis and evaluation of novel feruloyl-donepezil hybrids as potential multitarget drugs for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. Eur. J. Med. Chem. 2017, 130, 440–457. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  16. Sharma, S.; Gupta, M.K.; Saxena, A.K.; Bedi, P.M.S. Triazole linked mono carbonyl curcumin-isatin bifunctional hybrids as novel anti tubulin agents: Design, synthesis, biological evaluation and molecular modeling studies. Bioorg. Med. Chem. 2015, 23, 7165–7180. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  17. Allegra, A.; Innao, V.; Russo, S.; Gerace, D.; Alonci, A.; Musolino, C. Anticancer Activity of Curcumin and Its Analogues: Preclinical and Clinical Studies. Cancer Investig. 2017, 35, 1–22. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  18. Singh, A.; Singh, J.V.; Rana, A.; Bhagat, K.; Gulati, H.K.; Kumar, R.; Salwan, R.; Bhagat, K.; Kaur, G.; Singh, N.; et al. Monocarbonyl Curcumin-Based Molecular Hybrids as Potent Antibacterial Agents. ACS Omega 2019, 4, 11673–11684. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  19. Pommier, Y. DNA Topoisomerase I Inhibitors: Chemistry, Biology, and Interfacial Inhibition. Chem. Rev. 2009, 109, 2894. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  20. Carballeira, N.M.; Montano, N.; Amador, L.A.; Rodríguez, A.D.; Golovko, M.Y.; Golovko, S.A.; Reguera, R.M.; Álvarez-Velilla, R.; Balaña-Fouce, R. Novel Very Long-Chain α-Methoxylated Δ5,9 Fatty Acids from the Sponge Asteropus niger Are Effective Inhibitors of Topoisomerases IB. Lipids 2016, 51, 245. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  21. Makarieva, T.N.; Santalova, E.A.; Gorshkova, I.A.; Dmitrenok, A.S.; Guzii, A.G.; Gorbach, V.I.; Svetashev, V.I.; Stonik, V.A. A new cytotoxic fatty acid (5Z,9Z)-22-methyl-5,9-tetracosadienoic acid and the sterols from the far eastern sponge Geodinella robusta. Lipids 2002, 37, 75. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  22. D’yakonov, V.A.; Dzhemileva, L.U.; Dzhemilev, U.M. Natural compounds with bis-methylene-interrupted Z-double bonds: Plant sources, strategies of total synthesis, biological activity, and perspectives. Phytochem. Rev. 2021, 20, 325–342. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  23. D’yakonov, V.A.; Dzhemileva, L.U.; Makarov, A.A.; Makarova, E.K.; Khusnutdinova, E.K.; Dzhemilev, U.M. The facile synthesis of the 5Z,9Z-dienoic acids and their topoisomerase I inhibitory activity. Chem. Commun. 2013, 49, 8401–8403. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  24. D’yakonov, V.A.; Islamov, I.I.; Dzhemileva, L.U.; Khusainova, E.M.; Yunusbaeva, M.M.; Dzhemilev, U.M. Targeted synthesis of macrodiolides containing bis-methylene-separated Z-double bonds and their antitumor activity in vitro. Tetrahedron 2018, 74, 4606–4612. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  25. Dzhemileva, L.U.; D’yakonov, V.A.; Islamov, I.I.; Yunusbaeva, M.M.; Dzhemilev, U.M. New 1Z,5Z-diene macrodiolides: Catalytic synthesis, anticancer activity, induction of mitochondrial apoptosis, and effect on the cell cycle. Bioorg. Chem. 2020, 99, 103832. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. D’yakonov, V.A.; Dzhemileva, L.U.; Makarov, A.A.; Mulukova, A.R.; Baev, D.S.; Khusnutdinova, E.K.; Tolstikova, T.G.; Dzhemilev, U.M. nZ,(n + 4)Z-Dienoic fatty acids: A new method for the synthesis and inhibitory action on topoisomerase I and Iiα. Med. Chem. Res. 2016, 25, 30–39. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  27. D’yakonov, V.A.; Dzhemileva, L.U.; Tuktarova, R.A.; Makarov, A.A.; Islamov, I.I.; Mulukova, A.R.; Dzhemilev, U.M. Catalytic cyclometallation in steroid chemistry III: Synthesis of steroidal derivatives of 5Z, 9Z-dienoic acid and investigation of its human topoisomerase I inhibitory activity. Steroids 2015, 102, 110–117. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  28. D’yakonov, V.A.; Islamov, I.I.; Dzhemileva, L.U.; Makarova, E.K.; Dzhemilev, U.M. Direct synthesis of polyaromatic cyclophanes containing bis-methylene-interrupted Z-double bonds and study of their antitumor activity in vitro. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22, 8787. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
Scheme 1. Synthesis of hybrid molecules.
Scheme 1. Synthesis of hybrid molecules.
Chemproc 12 00045 sch001
Disclaimer/Publisher’s Note: The statements, opinions and data contained in all publications are solely those of the individual author(s) and contributor(s) and not of MDPI and/or the editor(s). MDPI and/or the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to people or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content.

Share and Cite

MDPI and ACS Style

Islamov, I.; Yusupova, A.; Sharafutdinova, S.; Dzhemilev, U. A New Hybrid Molecule Based on (5Z,9Z)-icosa-5,9-dienoic Acid and Monocarbonyl Derivatives of Curcuminoids. Chem. Proc. 2022, 12, 45.

AMA Style

Islamov I, Yusupova A, Sharafutdinova S, Dzhemilev U. A New Hybrid Molecule Based on (5Z,9Z)-icosa-5,9-dienoic Acid and Monocarbonyl Derivatives of Curcuminoids. Chemistry Proceedings. 2022; 12(1):45.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Islamov, Ilgiz, Adelya Yusupova, Snezhana Sharafutdinova, and Usein Dzhemilev. 2022. "A New Hybrid Molecule Based on (5Z,9Z)-icosa-5,9-dienoic Acid and Monocarbonyl Derivatives of Curcuminoids" Chemistry Proceedings 12, no. 1: 45.

Article Metrics

Back to TopTop