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Article

A Clinic-Epidemiological Study of Head and Neck Tuberculosis—A Single-Center Experience

1
Department of Otolaryngology, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland
2
Department of Tuberculosis Epidemiology and Surveillance, National Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases Research Institute, Warsaw, Poland
3
Pneumonology Ward, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Adv. Respir. Med. 2016, 84(6), 324-330; https://doi.org/10.5603/ARM.2016.0042
Submission received: 15 July 2016 / Revised: 10 November 2016 / Accepted: 10 November 2016 / Published: 7 December 2016

Abstract

Introduction: Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) accounts for less than 6% of all tuberculosis (TB) cases in Poland, although in other countries (European in particular) this proportion is much higher. The study was undertaken to evaluate the clinical and epidemiological differences in patients hospitalized in one of Otolaryngology Departments in Poland during 36 years. Material and methods: In a retrospective study, 71 patients were identified and divided into three groups according to the study period: I—1978−1989 (30 patients, 42%), II—1990−2001 (19 patients, 27%) and III—2002−2013 (22 patients, 31% of all cases). In each case histological examination of biopsy specimens was available. Results: Larynx TB (54.9%) was most common, followed by cervical lymph nodes TB (29.6%) and auris TB (8.5%). In laryngeal TB, glottic region was most often affected (76.9%). Patients with larynx TB were mainly men (87.2%), 10 years older than women in each study period. However, in lymph nodes TB group, women constituted 66.7% of cases and were twice as old as men (64.0 vs. 34.7 yrs). Bacteriological confirmation was made in only one patient. Conclusions: The number of patients diagnosed in our center declined in the first period of 12 years and remained stable over the last 24 years, as were the common sites of head and neck EPTB (larynx and cervical lymph nodes). In patients with head and neck TB the biopsy specimens should be examined not only histologically but also for the presence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Keywords: extrapulmonary tuberculosis; larynx; lymph nodes; neck; auris extrapulmonary tuberculosis; larynx; lymph nodes; neck; auris

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MDPI and ACS Style

Pajor, A.M.; Józefowicz-Korczyńska, M.; Korzeniewska-Koseła, M.; Kwiatkowska, S. A Clinic-Epidemiological Study of Head and Neck Tuberculosis—A Single-Center Experience. Adv. Respir. Med. 2016, 84, 324-330. https://doi.org/10.5603/ARM.2016.0042

AMA Style

Pajor AM, Józefowicz-Korczyńska M, Korzeniewska-Koseła M, Kwiatkowska S. A Clinic-Epidemiological Study of Head and Neck Tuberculosis—A Single-Center Experience. Advances in Respiratory Medicine. 2016; 84(6):324-330. https://doi.org/10.5603/ARM.2016.0042

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pajor, Anna Maria, Magdalena Józefowicz-Korczyńska, Maria Korzeniewska-Koseła, and Sylwia Kwiatkowska. 2016. "A Clinic-Epidemiological Study of Head and Neck Tuberculosis—A Single-Center Experience" Advances in Respiratory Medicine 84, no. 6: 324-330. https://doi.org/10.5603/ARM.2016.0042

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