Women Selling Sex in Russia: Analyzing Women’s Appraisal of Exploitation and Mistreatment Using Cognitive Dissonance and Cultural Sex Script Frameworks
2. Materials and Methods
2.2. Measures and Analysis
4.2. Future Directions
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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|(N = 654)||p Value||Total (%)||Forced |
|Age of First Commercial Contact||0.66|
|26 or older||112||17.13||7.34||9.79|
|Age of first Sex||0.37|
|Perceptions Reports of Violence|
|4 times or more||80||12.23||7.65||4.59|
|Sustained Beating and Injuries||0.01|
|4 times or more||30||4.59||1.53||3.06|
|Humiliation and Abasement of Human Dignity||0.001|
|4 times or more||228||34.86||20.80||14.07|
|Appraisal of men who use their services as decent||0.00|
|Reason for First Copulation||0.06|
|Presence of coercion, threat, or violence||60||9.23||5.51||3.67|
|No presence of coercion, threat, or violence||590||90.77||42.51||49.08|
|Thoughts about giving up Prostitution||0.22|
|Attempts to quit prostitution||0.44||0.173|
|Selling of sadistic/masochistic services||0.00|
|Childhood History of Violence|
|Experiences of physical punishment||0.47|
|Being an object of sexual actions as a child||0.57|
|How often you were persuaded or coerced of such actions against your will||0.33|
|More than 5 times||20||3.06||0.76||2.29|
|Variable||Adjusted Odds Ratio||Confidence Interval 95%|
|Types of Violence|
|Beatings and injuries||1.65||1.32–2.05|
|Humiliation/Abasement of human dignity||1.28||1.06–1.54|
|Selling Sex Characteristics|
|Appraisal of men who use their services as decent||2.54||1.54–4.18|
|Selling sadistic/maschistic services||2.31||1.16–4.59|
|Thoughts about giving up prostitution||5.84||1.02–2.73|
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Gulina, V.; Urada, L.A.; Odinokova, V.; Rusakova, M. Women Selling Sex in Russia: Analyzing Women’s Appraisal of Exploitation and Mistreatment Using Cognitive Dissonance and Cultural Sex Script Frameworks. Sexes 2022, 3, 463-476. https://doi.org/10.3390/sexes3030034
Gulina V, Urada LA, Odinokova V, Rusakova M. Women Selling Sex in Russia: Analyzing Women’s Appraisal of Exploitation and Mistreatment Using Cognitive Dissonance and Cultural Sex Script Frameworks. Sexes. 2022; 3(3):463-476. https://doi.org/10.3390/sexes3030034Chicago/Turabian Style
Gulina, Varvara, Lianne A. Urada, Veronika Odinokova, and Maia Rusakova. 2022. "Women Selling Sex in Russia: Analyzing Women’s Appraisal of Exploitation and Mistreatment Using Cognitive Dissonance and Cultural Sex Script Frameworks" Sexes 3, no. 3: 463-476. https://doi.org/10.3390/sexes3030034