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Microbiota of Fermented Beverages

Department of Life and Environmental Sciences, Polytechnic University of Marche, Food, Industrial and Environmental microbiology Lab. Via Brecce Bianche, 60131 Ancona, Italy
Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Sassari, Viale Italia 39, 07100 Sassari, Italy
Department of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Systems (GESAAF), University of Florence Via Donizetti 6, 50144 Firenze, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Fermentation 2018, 4(3), 78;
Submission received: 7 September 2018 / Accepted: 12 September 2018 / Published: 16 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microbiota of Fermented Beverages)


This special issue collected recent developments on the microbiota of fermented beverages, from raw materials to the finished product, as well as the use of specific starter cultures. In particular, several studies investigated the occurrence and use of conventional and non-conventional yeasts in distilled alcoholic beverages, wine, and beer production, while other papers investigated probiotic and health-promoting compounds. Results indicated that the management of microbiota greatly improves the analytical, sensorial, and healthy characteristics of fermented beverages.

The microbiota of fermented beverages is a complex microbial community made of indigenous microorganisms naturally associated with the raw materials and/or the microorganisms that are present on the equipment and surfaces of processing sites (man-made niches, i.e., wineries), where selected microorganisms may be inoculated as starter cultures.
Since the microbiota is responsible for the transformation of raw materials into the final product, it greatly influences the organoleptic characteristics and sensorial properties of the final product and may impact on the content of probiotics and health-promoting compounds of fermented beverages. Thus, the microbiota of fermented beverages produced in different regional habitats is a topic of increasing interest.
This special issue collected research papers and reviews about recent developments within this research topic. Several studies have investigated specific and peculiar features of non-conventional yeasts in winemaking and their interactions with Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the main actor of fermentation [1,2,3,4,5]. Other reports focus on the microbiota of specific ecological niches, such as sherry wines [6], malting and brewing environments [7], and banana wastes [8]. Selected indigenous S. cerevisiae strains coming from Piceno DOC wines were also investigated by Agarbati et al. [9], while Capece et al. [10] reviewed recent developments on the use of conventional and non-conventional yeast in beer production. Regarding the use of probiotic microorganisms, two papers reported the results of the use of Lactobacillus ramnosus GR1 in fortified fruit juices and white rice pudding [11,12], while Ranadheera et al. [13] reviewed probiotic delivery through fermentation in dairy and non-dairy beverages. Finally, Guerrini et al. [14] investigated the production of health-promoting compounds in S. cerevisiae under winemaking conditions.
In general, all these authors conclude that by deepening the current knowledge on the microbiota of fermented beverages, it will be possible to greatly improve the management of the fermentation processes and of the analytical, sensorial, and healthy characteristics of final products. In this regard, further investigations are needed to optimize the different desired features in fermented beverages.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


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  8. De Matos, M.E.; Bianchi Pedroni Medeiros, A.; de Melo Pereira, G.V.; Thomaz Soccol, V.; Soccol, C.R. Production and Characterization of a Distilled Alcoholic Beverage Obtained by Fermentation of Banana Waste (Musa cavendishii) from Selected Yeast. Fermentation 2017, 3, 62. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  9. Agarbati, A.; Canonico, L.; Ciani, M.; Comitini, F. Fitness of Selected Indigenous Saccharomyces cerevisiae Strains for White Piceno DOC Wines Production. Fermentation 2018, 4, 37. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
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  11. White, J.; Hekmat, S. Development of Probiotic Fruit Juices Using Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 Fortified with Short Chain and Long Chain Inulin Fiber. Fermentation 2018, 4, 27. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
  12. Williams, M.; Hekmat, S. Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 in Fermented Rice Pudding Supplemented with Short Chain Inulin, Long Chain Inulin, and Oat as a Novel Functional Food. Fermentation 2017, 3, 55. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]
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  14. Guerrini, S.; Mangani, S.; Romboli, Y.; Luti, S.; Pazzagli, L.; Granchi, L. Impact of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Strains on Health-Promoting Compounds in Wine. Fermentation 2018, 4, 26. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef]

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ciani, M.; Mannazzu, I.; Domizio, P. Microbiota of Fermented Beverages. Fermentation 2018, 4, 78.

AMA Style

Ciani M, Mannazzu I, Domizio P. Microbiota of Fermented Beverages. Fermentation. 2018; 4(3):78.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ciani, Maurizio, Ilaria Mannazzu, and Paola Domizio. 2018. "Microbiota of Fermented Beverages" Fermentation 4, no. 3: 78.

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