U.S. Parents’ Reports of Assisting Their Children with Distance Learning during COVID-19
1.1. Children’s Home Learning Environment
1.2. Parents’ Stress during COVID-19
1.3. The Present Study
2. Materials and Methods
2.4. Coding of Data
2.5. Analytic Plan
3.1. What Types of Activities Do Parents Report Engaging in during COVID-19 to Assist Their Children with Distance Learning?
3.2. Do the Types of Distance Learning Activities Vary with the Age of the Child?
3.3. Is There an Association between the Type of Distance Learning Activity Parents Reported Engaging in and General COVID-19-Related Stress Reported by Them?
3.4. Is There an Association between the Type of Distance Learning Activity Parents Reported Engaging in and Specific Distance Learning-Related Stress Reported by Them?
3.5. Evaluative Comments Given by Parents
4.1. What Types of Activities Do Parents Report Engaging in during COVID-19 to Assist Their Children with Distance Learning, and Does This Vary with the Age of the Child?
4.2. Is There an Association between the Type of Distance Learning Activity Parents Reported Engaging in and Stress Reported by Them?
4.3. Strengths and Limitations
5. Conclusions and Future Directions
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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|Variable||Mean (SD) or %|
|Average Age of Parent (Years)||41 (6.20)|
|Annual Income ≥ USD 100k||81%|
|Highest Level of Parent Education ≥ Bachelor’s Degree||96%|
|Coding Categories||Definitions||Sample Quotes from Parents|
|Monitoring||Includes any statement referencing making sure a child does a school-related task or activity|
|Technology||Includes statements referencing:|
|Teaching||Includes statements referencing:|
|Communication||Includes statements referencing:|
|Emotional Support||Includes statements referencing:|
|Resources||Includes statements referencing:|
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Sonnenschein, S.; Grossman, E.R.; Grossman, J.A. U.S. Parents’ Reports of Assisting Their Children with Distance Learning during COVID-19. Educ. Sci. 2021, 11, 501. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11090501
Sonnenschein S, Grossman ER, Grossman JA. U.S. Parents’ Reports of Assisting Their Children with Distance Learning during COVID-19. Education Sciences. 2021; 11(9):501. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11090501Chicago/Turabian Style
Sonnenschein, Susan, Elyse R Grossman, and Julie A Grossman. 2021. "U.S. Parents’ Reports of Assisting Their Children with Distance Learning during COVID-19" Education Sciences 11, no. 9: 501. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11090501