Intergenerational Deliberations for Long Term Sustainability
2. Materials and Methods
2.4. Analytic Method
3.1. Current SP Interventions in the Nantlle Valley
“There are things going on in the Valley and people aren’t aware of them [...] I would not have known about [an event] if it wasn’t on Facebook. But some people aren’t on Facebook”.(Participant 7)
3.2. Opportunities for New Social Prescribing Interventions
“I think the idea of a link worker is a very powerful one, because from my experience, I have been receiving calls from people as a [participant’s occupation] […] and the fact that they’re turning to me … there is an obvious gap there”.(Participant 8)
3.3. Possible Barriers to the Development of Co-Designed and Co-Produced Social Prescribing Interventions
“The big issue is getting to and from places. That has a massive impact on people being able to take opportunities”.(Participant 6)
3.4. Community Needs and Strategies
“A lot of new parents can feel lonely, especially during this period, when they’re prohibited from mixing with others. It can be a very lonely role can’t it”?(Participant 12)
“We’ve done a little research with the young people and what they want is very varied, from session they like at ‘Plas Silyn’ [the leisure centre in Penygroes] to some of them just wanting somewhere to chill […] there is evidence that owning a place […] a place that they’ve made their own, increases their self-esteem”.(Participant 8)
3.5. Comparison between Groups
5. Study Limitations
Institutional Review Board Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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|Type of Focus Groups||Number|
|Number of participants Today Group (Welsh medium)||5|
|Today Group (English medium)||2|
|Future generations Group (Welsh medium)||7|
|Future generations Group (English medium)||2|
|Today Group(s)||Participants were asked to answer questions that focused on the present generations’ perspective—the health and well-being issues and needs affecting Nantlle Valley residents today.|
|Future generations group(s)||Drawing upon the future-ahead-and-back mechanism  participants were asked questions that prompt long-term thinking (the Nantlle Valley in 100–200 years) and produce responses which will make explicit the mechanisms required today to design a robust and resilient SP intervention that will lead to sustainable well-being outcomes for future generations|
|Introductions:||What Is Your Name and in Which Village within the Nantlle Valley Do You Currently Live in?|
|Opening questions:||1. What does well-being mean for you?|
2. What is your understanding of social prescribing?
3. What do you know about the well-being Hub under development in the Nantlle Valley?
|Key questions:||4. Are you aware of any current social prescribing or well-being services available in the Nantlle Valley?|
|5. Do you think that these services have been welcomed among the community?|
|6. Are you aware of any opportunities in the Nantlle Valley to develop new social prescribing well-being services/groups/interventions, e.g., developing allotments/men sheds on unused green spaces?|
|7. A key aim of the new health and well-being hub is that GP’s will be able to refer patients to SP interventions within the community.|
Would you take part in SP interventions if offered?
|8. What do you think would be a challenge for you to participate in an SP intervention in the community?|
|9. What do you think will be the long-term impact of the COVID 19 pandemic on the community and delivery of health and well-being interventions?|
|10. What do you think Grŵp Cynefin could put in place/include now when developing the new health and well-being hub to improve the service?|
|Ending question:||11. Thinking about the needs of the Nantlle Valley community now what suggestions would you think should consider in the development of the new health and well-being hub?|
|Introductions||Question||Good Ancestor Principles|
|Opening questions:||1. What does well-being mean for you?|
2. What do you know about the well-being Hub under development in the Nantlle Valley?
|Short term thinking is about dealing with health and well-being services now and not about sustainability for the future. Long term thinking is realizing that we are a dot on the timeline, and we need to be thinking towards the end of the line.|
|Key questions:||3. What for you are the most powerful reasons for caring about the future generations who will be living in the Nantlle Valley beyond your lifetime?||Intergenerational justice|
|4. What kind of community do want future generations to inherit from the present generation?||Future generations Mindset|
|5. What is worth fighting for to secure the future generation’s health and well-being?||Deep time humility|
|6. How can we sustain the resources of the Nantlle Valley and ensure that they are passed on to future generations that will live in the Nantlle Valley? |
(Resources can refer to natural resources, services, the community, etc.)
|7. What long term projects could you pursue with others that could extend beyond your own lifetime to secure the well-being of future generations?||Cathedral Thinking|
|8. Think about the future. Do you anticipate a different pathway for holistic health and well-being interventions or services in the Nantlle Valley? Holistic health and well-being services take full account of the person’s situation, not just treat symptoms,|
e.g., increased IT interventions (increased use of technology) or different lifestyle choices such as health and well-being projects.
|9. What do you think should be the ultimate goal of the health and well-being Hub in the Nantlle Valley for future generations?||Transcendent goal|
|Ending question:||10. When thinking about the needs of future generations in the Nantlle Valley is there anything that we have not already discussed that is important for Grŵp Cynefin to consider and include in the development of the new health and well-being Hub?|
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Spencer, L.H.; Lynch, M.; Thomas, G.M.; Edwards, R.T. Intergenerational Deliberations for Long Term Sustainability. Challenges 2023, 14, 11. https://doi.org/10.3390/challe14010011
Spencer LH, Lynch M, Thomas GM, Edwards RT. Intergenerational Deliberations for Long Term Sustainability. Challenges. 2023; 14(1):11. https://doi.org/10.3390/challe14010011Chicago/Turabian Style
Spencer, Llinos Haf, Mary Lynch, Gwenlli Mair Thomas, and Rhiannon Tudor Edwards. 2023. "Intergenerational Deliberations for Long Term Sustainability" Challenges 14, no. 1: 11. https://doi.org/10.3390/challe14010011