Topic Editors

Department of Automotive and Mechatronics Engineering, Ontario Tech University, Oshawa, ON L1G 0C5, Canada
Systems and Computer Engineering, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, Canada

Vehicle Safety and Automated Driving

Abstract submission deadline
31 May 2024
Manuscript submission deadline
31 July 2024
Viewed by
8557

Topic Information

Dear Colleagues,

Autonomous vehicle technology is continuing to advance, bringing significant benefits to humanity in terms of traffic congestion reduction, safety enhancements, stress-free travel, fuel cost savings, pollutant emission reduction, etc., and it is widely seen as the future of motorized mobility. This Topic is seeking high-quality original contributions, soliciting high-level technical papers addressing the main research challenges related to autonomous vehicles. Potential topics include but are not limited to:

  • Sensing and control for autonomous vehicles; 
  • Mapping and localization for autonomous vehicles; 
  • Path planning for autonomous vehicles; 
  • Computer vision for autonomous vehicles; 
  • AI-based auto-driving; 
  • Sensor fusion in autonomous vehicles; 
  • 5G for autonomous vehicles; 
  • Risk management of autonomous vehicles; 
  • Automotive cybersecurity, liability, and privacy; 
  • Intelligent transportation systems; 
  • Human factors of automated driving; 
  • Driver behavior; 
  • Human–machine interface.

Dr. Xianke Lin
Dr. Chao Shen
Topic Editors

Keywords

  • autonomous driving 
  • sensing 
  • mapping and localization 
  • path planning 
  • computer vision 
  • AI 
  • 5G 
  • risk management 
  • cybersecurity 
  • human factors 
  • driver behavior 
  • vehicle safety

Participating Journals

Journal Name Impact Factor CiteScore Launched Year First Decision (median) APC
Automation
automation
- - 2020 21.8 Days CHF 1000 Submit
Energies
energies
3.2 5.5 2008 15.7 Days CHF 2600 Submit
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
ijerph
- 5.4 2004 22 Days CHF 2500 Submit
Safety
safety
1.9 3.3 2015 31.3 Days CHF 1600 Submit
Vehicles
vehicles
2.2 2.9 2019 19.1 Days CHF 1400 Submit

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Published Papers (6 papers)

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Article
Modelling and Simulating Automated Vehicular Functions in Critical Situations—Application of a Novel Accident Reconstruction Concept
Vehicles 2023, 5(1), 266-285; https://doi.org/10.3390/vehicles5010015 - 19 Feb 2023
Viewed by 1314
Abstract
Our paper introduces new reconstruction techniques of real-life critical road traffic accidents focusing on highly automated functions. The investigation method presented here focuses on the effect of relevant control parameters and environmental factors following the concept of sensitivity analysis. Two reconstruction tools are [...] Read more.
Our paper introduces new reconstruction techniques of real-life critical road traffic accidents focusing on highly automated functions. The investigation method presented here focuses on the effect of relevant control parameters and environmental factors following the concept of sensitivity analysis. Two reconstruction tools are applied, the choice depending on the relevant causal factor of the accidents. Our measurement proves that the technical parameters of the control process, like time to collision or braking pressure that affects user satisfaction directly, can significantly influence the probability of accident occurrence. Thus, it is reasonable to consider safety with an increased weight compared to the user experience when identifying these parameters’ values. On the other hand, the effects of the investigated environmental factors were also found to be significant. Accordingly, future ADAS applications need to consider the change of environmental factors in the case of increased risk level, and driver-mode should be adapted to the new situation. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Vehicle Safety and Automated Driving)
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Article
A New Perspective on Supporting Vulnerable Road Users’ Safety, Security and Comfort through Personalized Route Planning
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20(4), 3027; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20043027 - 09 Feb 2023
Viewed by 957
Abstract
Due to an increase in population, urban centers are currently seeing an increase in traffic, resulting in negative consequences such as pollution and congestion. Efforts have been made to promote a modal shift towards the use of more sustainable means of transport, such [...] Read more.
Due to an increase in population, urban centers are currently seeing an increase in traffic, resulting in negative consequences such as pollution and congestion. Efforts have been made to promote a modal shift towards the use of more sustainable means of transport, such as walking and cycling, but several deterrents influence the citizens’ perceptions of safety, security and comfort, discouraging their choice of active modes of transport. This study focuses on the importance of providing meaningful information to vulnerable road users (VRUs) to support their perceptions and objectives while moving within urban spaces through a novel concept of route planning. A broad survey of the needs and concerns of VRUs through interviews, focus groups and questionnaires, applied to the Portuguese population of the Metropolitan Area of Porto, led to the development of a new concept of route planners that show personalized routes according to the individual perceptions of each user. This concept is materialized in a route planner prototype that has been extensively tested by potential users. Subjective evaluation and feedback showed the usefulness of the concept and added value to a familiar product, leading to a satisfying experience for participants. This study shows that there is an opportunity to improve these tools to provide a higher degree of power and customization to users on route planning, which includes addressing mobility restrictions and personal perceptions of safety, security and comfort. The ultimate goal of this new approach is to persuade citizens to switch to more sustainable means of transport. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Vehicle Safety and Automated Driving)
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Article
Fault Injection in Actuator Models for Testing of Automated Driving Functions
Vehicles 2023, 5(1), 94-110; https://doi.org/10.3390/vehicles5010006 - 12 Jan 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1508
Abstract
In this work, a simulation framework for virtual testing of autonomous driving functions under the influence of a fault occurring in a component is presented. The models consist of trajectory planning, motion control, models of actuator management, actuators and vehicle dynamics. Fault-handling tests [...] Read more.
In this work, a simulation framework for virtual testing of autonomous driving functions under the influence of a fault occurring in a component is presented. The models consist of trajectory planning, motion control, models of actuator management, actuators and vehicle dynamics. Fault-handling tests in a right-turn maneuver are described, subject to an injected fault in the steering system. Different scenarios are discussed without and with a fault and without and with counteractions against the fault. The results of five scenarios for different criticality metrics are discussed. In the case of a fault without a counteraction, a pronounced lateral position deviation of the ego vehicle from the reference curve is observed. Furthermore, the minimal and hence most critical time-to-collision (TTC) and post-encroachment time (PET) values are calculated for each scenario together with a parameter variation of the initial position of a traffic agent. The minimum TTC values are lowest in the case of a fault without counteraction. For the lateral position deviation and the TTC, the counteractions cause reduced criticality that can become even lower than in the case without a fault, corresponding to a decrease in the dynamic behavior of the vehicle. For the PET, only in the case of a fault without counteraction, a non-zero value can be calculated. With the implemented testing toolchain, the automated vehicle and the reaction of the HAD function in non-standard conditions with reduced performance can be investigated. This can be used to test the influence of component faults on automated driving functions and help increase acceptance of implemented counteractions as part of the HAD function. The assessment of the situation using a combination of metrics is shown to be useful, as the different metrics can become critical in different situations. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Vehicle Safety and Automated Driving)
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Article
A Research on Accident Reconstruction of Bus–Two-Wheeled Vehicle Based on Vehicle Damage and Human Head Injury
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(22), 14950; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192214950 - 13 Nov 2022
Viewed by 1059
Abstract
The problem of large calculation models in bus–two-wheeled vehicle traffic accidents (TA) leads to the difficulty of balancing the calculation efficiency and accuracy, as well as difficulties in accident reconstruction. Herein, two typical accidents were reconstructed, based on the rigid–flexible coupled human model [...] Read more.
The problem of large calculation models in bus–two-wheeled vehicle traffic accidents (TA) leads to the difficulty of balancing the calculation efficiency and accuracy, as well as difficulties in accident reconstruction. Herein, two typical accidents were reconstructed, based on the rigid–flexible coupled human model (HM) and the Facet vehicle model, and the vehicle damage conditions and the human head biomechanical injury were analyzed. The simulation results showed that the physical process of the human–vehicle collision was basically consistent with the accident video, the windshield fracture was consistent with the actual vehicle report, and the human biomechanical injury characteristics were also consistent with the autopsy report, which verified the feasibility of the simulation model, and provides a basis and reference for forensic identification and for traffic police to deal with accident disputes. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Vehicle Safety and Automated Driving)
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Article
Predictors of Simulator Sickness Provocation in a Driving Simulator Operating in Autonomous Mode
Safety 2022, 8(4), 73; https://doi.org/10.3390/safety8040073 - 05 Nov 2022
Viewed by 1179
Abstract
Highly autonomous vehicles (HAV) have the potential of improving road safety and providing alternative transportation options. Given the novelty of HAVs, high-fidelity driving simulators operating in an autonomous mode are a great way to expose transportation users to HAV prior to HAV adoption. [...] Read more.
Highly autonomous vehicles (HAV) have the potential of improving road safety and providing alternative transportation options. Given the novelty of HAVs, high-fidelity driving simulators operating in an autonomous mode are a great way to expose transportation users to HAV prior to HAV adoption. In order to avoid the undesirable effects of simulator sickness, it is important to examine whether factors such as age, sex, visual processing speed, and exposure to acclimation scenario predict simulator sickness in driving simulator experiments designed to replicate the HAV experience. This study identified predictors of simulator sickness provocation across the lifespan (N = 210). Multiple stepwise backward regressions identified that slower visual processing speed predicts the Nausea and Dizziness domain with age not predicting any domains. Neither sex, nor exposure to an acclimation scenario predicted any of the four domains of simulator sickness provocation, namely Queasiness, Nausea, Dizziness, and Sweatiness. No attrition occurred in the study due to simulator sickness and thus the study suggests that high-fidelity driving simulator may be a viable way to introduce drivers across the lifespan to HAV, a strategy that may enhance future HAV acceptance and adoption. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Vehicle Safety and Automated Driving)
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Article
Injuries to Users of Single-Track Vehicles
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(19), 12112; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191912112 - 24 Sep 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1031
Abstract
Introduction: Single-track vehicles (including, among others, scooters, bicycles, mopeds, and motorcycles) are becoming increasingly popular means of transport, especially in large cities. A significant disadvantage of single-track vehicles is the low level of protection of users’ bodies during road accidents, which causes life-threatening [...] Read more.
Introduction: Single-track vehicles (including, among others, scooters, bicycles, mopeds, and motorcycles) are becoming increasingly popular means of transport, especially in large cities. A significant disadvantage of single-track vehicles is the low level of protection of users’ bodies during road accidents, which causes life-threatening injuries. The aim of this study is to characterize the injuries of users of single-track vehicles. Material and methods: An analysis of medical documentation of the ambulance service in the region of central Poland covered cases in 2019–2020. Out of 17,446 interventions, a group of 248 road incidents involving single-track vehicles was selected. The data included the scene of the event, the sociodemographic data of the casualties, the injuries suffered, and the clinical diagnoses. Analyses of the correlation of variables with the chi-squared and Spearman’s Rho tests were applied. All results were considered significant at p < 0.05. Results: In the analyzed period, trips of men accounted for 83.5% of all of the interventions (n = 207), while trips of women accounted for 16.5% (n = 41). The mean age of the victims was 45.66 years (SD ± 20.45). Taking into account the division of single-track vehicles, individual cases were recorded with the participation of bicycles (n = 183), motorcycles (n = 61), and scooters (n = 4). Taking into account the type of event, the following were distinguished: deductions (n = 62), falls (n = 179), and sickness (n = 7). The most common injuries were to the heads of cyclists (n = 101, which constitutes 55.19% of all injuries), lower limb injuries in motorcyclists (n = 35; 57.38%), and head injuries in scooter users (n = 3; 75%). The locations of sustained injuries significantly correlated with the type of vehicle in the cases of head injuries (p = 0.046), spine/back injuries (p = 0.001), pelvis injuries (p = 0.021), and lower limb injuries (p = 0.001). Conclusions: The users of single-track vehicles injured in road accidents were more often men than women. The characteristics of the injuries depended on the type of vehicle. The lack of adequate body protection significantly increases the likelihood of death or damage to health. It is advisable to promote safety rules among users of single-track vehicles, with a particular emphasis on the protection of individual parts of the body. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Vehicle Safety and Automated Driving)
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