Topic Editors

Faculty of Law, Universidad Internacional de La Rioja (UNIR), Av. de la Paz, 137, 26006 Logroño, Spain
Department of Engineering, University of Almeria, CeiA3, 04120 Almeria, Spain

Emerging Technologies, Law and Policies

Abstract submission deadline
31 July 2024
Manuscript submission deadline
30 September 2024
Viewed by
18878

Topic Information

Dear Colleagues,

New technologies and the so-called information and communication technologies (ICT or IT) are transforming society, interpersonal relationships, and our way of understanding the world—and, b. By extension, also law and the legal profession. New technologies will have a great impact on society in the coming years, and will pose new challenges and legal issues in the legal sector that will surely affect the development, evolution, and way of understanding the legal practice. The future of industry will be made up of occupations that do not yet exist or of areas or subjects that are little or not yet known or even explored. The key for law firms will be to specialize in these sectors. In this Special Issue of Topics, original research articles and reviews are welcome. Research areas may include (but are not limited to) the following:

  • Artificial intelligence (AI)
  • Automated cars
  • Big data
  • BIM
  • Bioprinting
  • Biotechnology
  • Bitcoins/blockchain
  • Compliance
  • Credit cCard
  • Cybercrime
  • Deep learning
  • Digital evidence
  • Digital Fforensics
  • Email sSpam
  • Internet of things (IoT)
  • Lawtech
  • Legal tech
  • Machine learning
  • Nanotechnology
  • Online bBanking
  • Privacy and data protection
  • Robotics
  • Smart contracts
  • UAV
  • Virtual reality/Augmented reality

Prof. Dr. Esther Salmerón-Manzano
Prof. Dr. Francisco Manzano Agugliaro
Topic Editors

Keywords

  • legal tech
  • law tech
  • justice
  • legal profession
  • law firms

Participating Journals

Journal Name Impact Factor CiteScore Launched Year First Decision (median) APC
Inventions
inventions
3.4 5.4 2016 17.4 Days CHF 1800 Submit
Laws
laws
1.2 1.9 2012 29.6 Days CHF 1400 Submit
Sustainability
sustainability
3.9 5.8 2009 18.8 Days CHF 2400 Submit
Technologies
technologies
3.6 5.5 2013 19.7 Days CHF 1600 Submit

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Published Papers (7 papers)

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12 pages, 227 KiB  
Article
Trashing the Tables: The Critical Legal Studies Symposium of the Stanford Law Review, Then and Now
by Paul Baumgardner
Laws 2024, 13(2), 21; https://doi.org/10.3390/laws13020021 - 26 Mar 2024
Viewed by 427
Abstract
When the critical legal studies (CLS) movement emerged in the United States, many in the legal community were shocked by the movement’s radical calls to remake legal education. But the movement also presented bold criticisms of quantitative legal scholarship and calculation in law [...] Read more.
When the critical legal studies (CLS) movement emerged in the United States, many in the legal community were shocked by the movement’s radical calls to remake legal education. But the movement also presented bold criticisms of quantitative legal scholarship and calculation in law that have proven remarkably prophetic. This article resuscitates the CLS movement’s concerns over “scientific law” in one of the movement’s most canonical works: the Critical Legal Studies Symposium issue of the Stanford Law Review in 1984. Along the way, this article explores the scope and limits of CLS admonitions regarding quantitative research and legal problem solving for the present day. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Emerging Technologies, Law and Policies)
20 pages, 287 KiB  
Review
Narrative Review of Legal Aspects in the Integration of Simulation-Based Education into Medical and Healthcare Curricula
by Andreta Slavinska, Karina Palkova, Evita Grigoroviča, Edgars Edelmers and Aigars Pētersons
Laws 2024, 13(2), 15; https://doi.org/10.3390/laws13020015 - 14 Mar 2024
Viewed by 813
Abstract
The quality of healthcare varies significantly from one country to another. This variation can be attributed to several factors, including the level of healthcare professionals’ professionalism, which is closely linked to the quality of their education. Medical and healthcare education is unique in [...] Read more.
The quality of healthcare varies significantly from one country to another. This variation can be attributed to several factors, including the level of healthcare professionals’ professionalism, which is closely linked to the quality of their education. Medical and healthcare education is unique in its need for students to learn and practice various clinical skills, algorithms, and behaviours for clinical situations. However, it is challenging to ensure these educational experiences do not compromise the quality of healthcare and patient safety. A simulation-based educational (SBE) approach offers a solution to these challenges. However, despite the widespread adoption of the SBE approach in medical and healthcare education curricula; its recognition for its high value among students, educators, and healthcare professionals; and evidence showing its positive impact on reducing risks to both patients and healthcare professionals, there is still an absence of a standardized approach and guidelines for integrating simulations, which includes determining when, how, and to what ex-tent they should be implemented. Currently, there is no regulation on the need for SBE integration in medical and healthcare curricula. However, the framework of this article, based on the results of the analysis of the legal framework, which includes a set of laws, regulations, principles, and standards set by various government, administrations, and authoritative institutions, will determine the fundamental aspects of the integration of the SBE approach that justify and argue the need to (1) incorporate simulation-based education across all levels of medical and healthcare education programs and (2) adhere to certain standards when integrating the SBE approach into medical and healthcare programs. This is an area that needs to be developed with the involvement of legal, health, and education experts. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Emerging Technologies, Law and Policies)
14 pages, 247 KiB  
Review
Application of the “Novel Foods” Regulation to Botanicals in the European Union
by Javier Morán and Alina Kilasoniya
Laws 2024, 13(1), 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/laws13010010 - 16 Feb 2024
Viewed by 1096
Abstract
The European Union classifies “novel foods” as those not widely consumed before 15 May 1997. This category includes recently created, innovative foods, as well as those made using new technologies and processes, and foods with a traditional consumption history outside the EU. Distinguishing [...] Read more.
The European Union classifies “novel foods” as those not widely consumed before 15 May 1997. This category includes recently created, innovative foods, as well as those made using new technologies and processes, and foods with a traditional consumption history outside the EU. Distinguishing between “novel” and “conventional” foods is legally significant, as the former require official authorization under the Novel Foods Regulation. The regulation prioritizes safety, accurate labeling, and nutritional parity with replaced foods. Regulation (EU) 2015/2283, effective from 1 January 2018, replaced prior regulations, facilitating access to the EU market for novel and innovative foods while maintaining high safety standards. Classifying botanical products as novel can be intricate. Safety assessments for plant products must consider diversity in species, varieties, ecotypes, and chemotypes, as cultivation practices influence chemical composition. The article reviews the legislation applicable to botanicals and proposes different ways to evaluate in advance whether a product is “novel” or not, emphasizing the evaluation of the origin and consumption history of foods of plant origin. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Emerging Technologies, Law and Policies)
21 pages, 689 KiB  
Article
Challenges for the Adoption of Electric Vehicles in Thailand: Potential Impacts, Barriers, and Public Policy Recommendations
by Kantapich Preedakorn, David Butler and Jörn Mehnen
Sustainability 2023, 15(12), 9470; https://doi.org/10.3390/su15129470 - 13 Jun 2023
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 3987
Abstract
The impacts of electric vehicles (EVs) to the current transportation and logistics system are an emerging topic that has recently garnered public interest in many countries. Several developing countries that rely on the large amount of production in automobiles manufacturing are preparing to [...] Read more.
The impacts of electric vehicles (EVs) to the current transportation and logistics system are an emerging topic that has recently garnered public interest in many countries. Several developing countries that rely on the large amount of production in automobiles manufacturing are preparing to adopt national strategies to mitigate the negative impacts from the shift toward electric vehicles. In addition, the restructuring of the transportation system and traffic regulations to prepare for the integration of electric vehicles into the current transportation model is also an important concern for policy-makers. The study of potential impacts and barriers regarding the adoption of EVs would provide better insights that could aid the implementation of public policy. The topics that will be discussed here are both from technological standpoints such as differences in the general properties of EVs in comparison to internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs), and social and environmental standpoints which are predicted to be pivotal drivers for their adoption. These features are collectively analyzed to aid the relating implementation of industrial, transportation, and environmental public policies. Moreover, additional policy recommendations for the situation in Thailand are proposed based on this discussion. It is concluded that extensive public policy framework for the adoption of EVs and the development of EVs manufacturing industry is essential for developing countries with less technological readiness to effectively integrate this new type of vehicular technology into its industrial and transportation economy. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Emerging Technologies, Law and Policies)
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19 pages, 1964 KiB  
Article
Spatial Inequalities in Access to Micromobility Services: An Analysis of Moped-Style Scooter Sharing Systems in Barcelona
by Xavier Bach, Carme Miralles-Guasch and Oriol Marquet
Sustainability 2023, 15(3), 2096; https://doi.org/10.3390/su15032096 - 22 Jan 2023
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 1924
Abstract
Micromobility services hold substantial potential in terms of promoting shared and electric-powered mobility modes, however, little is known about their accessibility and what shapes their spatial coverage. These two issues are important to understand how socially equitable these modes can really be and [...] Read more.
Micromobility services hold substantial potential in terms of promoting shared and electric-powered mobility modes, however, little is known about their accessibility and what shapes their spatial coverage. These two issues are important to understand how socially equitable these modes can really be and how public policies should manage their implementation in urban areas. Hence, this study examines the determinants of the spatial coverage of four moped-style scooter sharing services (MSS) in Barcelona. The article examines the socio-territorial characteristics of the coverage areas of each MSS, as defined in 2019, together with the minimum area that operators had to provide service in 2020 according to the local regulation. For each MSS, a binomial generalized linear mixed model is employed to predict the odds of each cadastral parcel being covered by the service and analyzed the main spatial determinants associated with it. The results suggest that territorial coverage is defined by centrality, household disposable income, and topography, with low-accessibility areas consistently omitted from services. The conclusions underline the need for the public sector to participate in the design of spatial coverage areas of MSS to guarantee spatial equity and transportation justice and avoid private sector designs that systematically exclude less attractive areas. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Emerging Technologies, Law and Policies)
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17 pages, 329 KiB  
Article
Pegasus Project: Re-Questioning the Legality of the Cyber-Surveillance Mechanism
by Atul Alexander and Tushar Krishna
Laws 2022, 11(6), 85; https://doi.org/10.3390/laws11060085 - 23 Nov 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 3688
Abstract
States have recently indulged in purchasing surveillance spyware such as Pegasus from big corporations such as the NSO Group to track the activities of its people to curb dissidents. Unfortunately, such incidences are not new in the international domain. Thus, it is imperative [...] Read more.
States have recently indulged in purchasing surveillance spyware such as Pegasus from big corporations such as the NSO Group to track the activities of its people to curb dissidents. Unfortunately, such incidences are not new in the international domain. Thus, it is imperative to analyze the legality of such spyware used by the states with the assistance of foreign corporates under the international framework. In view of the same, the paper while majorly focusing on the significance of right to privacy, traces the standing limitations in the legal mechanism and tries to propose a shared responsibility regime for states and surveillance companies indulging in human rights violations by drawing parallels with the ICoCA mechanism. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Emerging Technologies, Law and Policies)
32 pages, 1759 KiB  
Article
Managing Security Threats through Touchless Security Technologies: An Overview of the Integration of Facial Recognition Technology in the UAE Oil and Gas Industry
by Saeed Hasan Al Zaabi and Ruzaidi Zamri
Sustainability 2022, 14(22), 14915; https://doi.org/10.3390/su142214915 - 11 Nov 2022
Viewed by 3219
Abstract
Throughout the past few years, the oil and gas industry in the United Arab Emirates has grown significantly, and is currently one of the top ten oil producers in the world. As a result, it is at risk of physical security threats, including [...] Read more.
Throughout the past few years, the oil and gas industry in the United Arab Emirates has grown significantly, and is currently one of the top ten oil producers in the world. As a result, it is at risk of physical security threats, including theft, unauthorized access, vandalism, espionage, and other incidents which could disrupt its operation. Consequently, significant investments in the latest security technologies are necessary to protect this critical infrastructure and maintain its international standing. Therefore, the main objective of this study is to examine whether integrating facial recognition technology (FRT) with a physical security system in this sector would improve physical security performance and efficiently mitigate potential threats. A quantitative approach was applied to collect the essential information with a sample size of 371 selected through a simple random sampling method to ensure the validity and reliability of the research results. In addition, regression analysis was conducted using Smart-PLS version 3.3.9 based on (SEM) to define the significant relationships between the hypothesis applied in the conceptual model. Furthermore, the findings were significant as they provided the basis for future studies for the practical application of FRT to enhance the UAE oil and gas company’s resilience to physical security threats. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Emerging Technologies, Law and Policies)
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