Topic Editors

Mechanical and Automotive Discipline, School of Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, VIC 3083, Australia
Dr. Mahesh Suryawanshi
School of Photovoltaic and Renewable Energy Engineering (SPREE), University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2033, Australia

Hydrogen Energy Technologies, 2nd Volume

Abstract submission deadline
20 November 2024
Manuscript submission deadline
20 January 2025
Viewed by
5992

Topic Information

Dear Colleagues,

Hydrogen is becoming a major contributor to decarbonising modern economies across the globe. This Topic is a continuation of the previous successful Topic “Hydrogen Energy Technologies”.

The scene is being set for hydrogen to be a major player in decarbonising our modern economy. This is happening at the same time as, with the increasing level of investment driven by the demand side, the hydrogen industry is positioning itself towards mass production in the coming years that would significantly drive down costs even faster than what we have witnessed in the past couple of decades. In line with all these developments, research and innovation in this field are expanding at a rapid rate, and we in the Energies journal are committed to facilitating the communication of high-quality studies in this field. This Topic focuses on the latest fundamentals and applied innovations in the field of hydrogen energy covering the production, storage, distribution, and utilisation of hydrogen energy in various stationary and mobile applications. The Topic includes but is not limited to:

  • Hydrogen production methods;
  • Hydrogen distribution;
  • Novel hydrogen storage solutions;
  • Large-scale hydrogen-based energy storage;
  • Integrated renewable hydrogen systems;
  • Fuel cells and electrolysers;
  • Hydrogen systems modelling and optimisation (including numerical and analytical modelling, computational chemistry, etc.);
  • Hydrogen system components and design (including MEA, catalyst layer, electrodes, GDL, membrane, bipolar plates, flow field, etc.);
  • Hydrogen system operation and optimisation;
  • Hydrogen for stationary and mobile applications;
  • Control solutions for hydrogen systems;
  • Hydrogen system/component manufacturing;
  • Advanced hydrogen materials;
  • Thermofluid modelling of hydrogen systems;
  • Hydrogen economy;
  • Hydrogen safety.
Prof. Dr. Bahman Shabani
Dr. Mahesh Suryawanshi
Topic Editors

Keywords

  • hydrogen energy
  • fuel cell
  • electrolyser
  • energy storage
  • hydrogen production
  • hydrogen utilisation
  • renewable hydrogen
  • hydrogen materials
  • hydrogen systems

Participating Journals

Journal Name Impact Factor CiteScore Launched Year First Decision (median) APC
Energies
energies
3.2 5.5 2008 16.1 Days CHF 2600 Submit
Catalysts
catalysts
3.9 6.3 2011 14.3 Days CHF 2700 Submit
Hydrogen
hydrogen
- - 2020 14.4 Days CHF 1000 Submit
Nanoenergy Advances
nanoenergyadv
- - 2021 31 Days CHF 1000 Submit

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Published Papers (4 papers)

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14 pages, 4497 KiB  
Article
Effects of Different Channel Geometries of Metallic Bipolar Plates on Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Performance
by Raquel Busqué, Matias Bossio, Albert Brigido and Antoni Lara
Energies 2023, 16(23), 7702; https://doi.org/10.3390/en16237702 - 22 Nov 2023
Viewed by 796
Abstract
This paper investigates the effects of different channel geometries on the performance of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFCs). The study employs computational fluid dynamics (CFD) coupled with thermal and electrochemical simulations to analyze five channel geometries (cases A to E) of bipolar [...] Read more.
This paper investigates the effects of different channel geometries on the performance of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFCs). The study employs computational fluid dynamics (CFD) coupled with thermal and electrochemical simulations to analyze five channel geometries (cases A to E) of bipolar plates. A thorough study on this topic is not found in the literature and aims to identify designs that optimize performance and align with cost-effective production methods. Among the various studied geometries, case D, featuring a trapezoidal cross-section, exhibited the most favorable performance compared to the others, with a current density value of 2.01 A/cm2 and a maximum temperature of 74.89 °C at 0.3 V, leading to an increase in generated power of 4.46%, compared to base case A. The trapezoidal shape enhanced the contact area with the reacting region, resulting in higher reaction rates and an improved overall performance. However, the study also highlights the relevance of velocity and turbulence, with case B demonstrating an enhanced performance due to its higher velocity, and case E benefiting from localized higher velocity regions and turbulence created by baffles. Case B can increase generated power at its peak by around 3.21%, and case E can improve it by 1.29%, with respect to case A. These findings underscore that contact area has a major impact on the PEMFC performance, but velocity and turbulence also play relevant roles. Additionally, trapezoidal channels can be easily manufactured through sheet metal-forming techniques, aligning well with new market trends of weight and cost reduction on bipolar plates. Fuel and oxygen utilization percentages, 38.14% and 62.96% at 0.3 V, respectively, further confirm the superiority of trapezoidal channels, providing insights into optimizing the PEMFC performance. This exhaustive study contributes valuable information for designing efficient metallic bipolar plates and advancing the development of practical fuel cell technologies. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Hydrogen Energy Technologies, 2nd Volume)
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31 pages, 3845 KiB  
Article
Educational Scale-Bridging Approach towards Modelling of Electric Potential, Electrochemical Reactions, and Species Transport in PEM Fuel Cell
by Ambrož Kregar, Klemen Zelič, Andraž Kravos and Tomaž Katrašnik
Catalysts 2023, 13(7), 1131; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal13071131 - 20 Jul 2023
Viewed by 938
Abstract
The use of hydrogen fuel cells as a mobile source of electricity could prove key to the future decarbonisation of heavy-duty road and marine transportation. Due to the complex interplay of various physicochemical processes in fuel cells, further development of these devices will [...] Read more.
The use of hydrogen fuel cells as a mobile source of electricity could prove key to the future decarbonisation of heavy-duty road and marine transportation. Due to the complex interplay of various physicochemical processes in fuel cells, further development of these devices will depend on concerted efforts by researchers from various fields, who often lack in-depth knowledge of different aspects of fuel cell operation. These knowledge gaps can be filled by information that is scattered in a wide range of literature, but is rarely covered in a concise and condensed manner. To address this issue, we propose an educational-scale-bridging approach towards the modelling of most relevant processes in the fuel cell that aims to adequately describe the causal relations between the processes involved in fuel cell operation. The derivation of the model equations provides an intuitive understanding of the electric and chemical potentials acting on protons at the microscopic level and relates this knowledge to the terminology commonly used in fuel cell research, such as catalyst electric overpotential and internal membrane resistance. The results of the model agreed well with the experimental data, indicating that the proposed simple mathematical description is sufficient for an intuitive understanding of fuel cell operation. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Hydrogen Energy Technologies, 2nd Volume)
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19 pages, 4710 KiB  
Article
Experimental Investigation of Coupled Transport Mechanisms in a PEM Based Thermoelectric Energy Converter
by Maike Willke, Nils-Eric Rahm and Stephan Kabelac
Energies 2023, 16(14), 5434; https://doi.org/10.3390/en16145434 - 17 Jul 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 731
Abstract
Thermoelectric energy converters based on galvanic cells (TGC) offer the possibility of direct conversion of low-temperature waste heat into electrical energy and could therefore be a promising approach for an increase in the overall efficiency of energy conversion. Due to an externally applied [...] Read more.
Thermoelectric energy converters based on galvanic cells (TGC) offer the possibility of direct conversion of low-temperature waste heat into electrical energy and could therefore be a promising approach for an increase in the overall efficiency of energy conversion. Due to an externally applied heat source, a temperature gradient across the electrolyte is induced, leading to a gradient in the chemical potential of the species and an electrical potential difference between the electrodes. The aim of approaching an internal equilibrium state leads to various coupled molecular transport mechanisms taking place in the electrolyte, impacting the open circuit voltage (OCV) and the performance of the TGC. By applying the theory of non-equilibrium thermodynamics (NET) to describe these coupled processes, the interactions that occur can be characterized in more detail. In this work, a polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM)-based TGC with two H2/H2O electrodes of different temperatures and gas compositions is experimentally investigated. By controlling the gradients in temperature and concentration, different impacts on the resulting OCV can be identified. In addition, we present the measured coupling coefficient, representing the singular relation between the transport of the hydrogen ions inside the membrane and the electrical potential difference between the electrodes for a wide variety of working conditions. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Hydrogen Energy Technologies, 2nd Volume)
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18 pages, 3309 KiB  
Article
Effect of Fe on Calcined Ni(OH)2 Anode in Alkaline Water Electrolysis
by Tae-Hyun Kim, Kee-Young Koo, Chu-Sik Park, Seong-Uk Jeong, Ji-Eun Kim, Su-Han Lee, Young-Ho Kim and Kyoung-Soo Kang
Catalysts 2023, 13(3), 496; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal13030496 - 28 Feb 2023
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1917
Abstract
Ni (hydr)oxide is a promising and inexpensive material for oxygen evolution reaction (OER) catalysts and is known to dramatically increase the activity when used with Fe. Herein, we basified a Ni(II) solution and coated layered Ni(OH)2 on Ni coins to prepare a [...] Read more.
Ni (hydr)oxide is a promising and inexpensive material for oxygen evolution reaction (OER) catalysts and is known to dramatically increase the activity when used with Fe. Herein, we basified a Ni(II) solution and coated layered Ni(OH)2 on Ni coins to prepare a template with high stability and activity. To evaluate the stability and catalytic activity during high-current-density operation, we analyzed the electrochemical and physicochemical properties before and after constant current (CC) operation. The electrode with a Ni(OH)2 surface exhibited higher initial activity than that with a NiO surface; however, after the OER operation at a high-current density, degradation occurred owing to structural destruction. The activity of the electrodes with a NiO surface improved after the CC operation because of the changes on the electrode-surface caused by the CC operation and the subsequent Fe incorporation from the Fe impurity in the electrolyte. After confirming the improvement in activity due to Fe, we prepared NiFe-oxide electrodes with improved catalytic activity and optimized the Ni precursor and Fe loading solution concentrations. The Ni-Fe oxide electrode prepared under the optimal concentrations exhibited an overpotential of 287 mV at a current density of 10 mA/cm2, and a tafel slope of 37 mV dec−1, indicating an improvement in the OER activity. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Hydrogen Energy Technologies, 2nd Volume)
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