Topic Editors

Division of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden
Instituto de Nanociencia de Aragon (INA), Universidad de Zaragoza, Calle Mariano Esquillor, 50018 Zaragoza, Spain
Prof. Dr. Yafei Li
College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, China

Chemistry of 2D Materials

Abstract submission deadline
closed (30 June 2023)
Manuscript submission deadline
closed (31 October 2023)
Viewed by
7480

Topic Information

Dear Colleagues,

Since the ground-breaking experiment on graphene in 2004, 2D materials have attracted enormous attention among researchers from the chemistry, physics, materials science and engineering, medicine, and industrial sectors. Two-dimensional materials possess outstanding chemical and physical properties and hold many potential applications in electronic and optoelectronic devices, energy conversion and storage, biological engineering, nanocomposites, and membranes. Intensive research has stimulated the generation of various types of 2D semiconductors, semimetals, metals, and insulators, such as phosphorene, boron nitride, transition metal dichalcogenides, transition metal oxides/hydroxides, transition metal carbides and carbonitrides, 2D polymers, etc.

Chemical approaches have been proven to be a promising route towards the large-scale production of 2D materials and their derivatives. This Special Issue aims to focus on the various chemical strategies for 2D materials; the topics include but are not limited to:

  • Preparation and synthesis of 2D materials;
  • Chemical modification of 2D materials;
  • Characterization of 2D materials and functionalized 2D materials;
  • Properties of 2D materials and functionalized 2D materials;
  • Applications of 2D materials and functionalized 2D materials.

Dr. Xiaoyan Zhang
Dr. Raul Arenal
Prof. Dr. Yafei Li
Topic Editors

Keywords

  • 2D materials
  • graphene
  • transition metal dichalcogenides
  • 2D organic materials
  • synthesis methods
  • 2D device applications
  • smart electronics
  • artificial intelligence
  • flexible devices
  • materials exploration

Participating Journals

Journal Name Impact Factor CiteScore Launched Year First Decision (median) APC
Chemistry
chemistry
2.1 2.5 2019 19.1 Days CHF 1800
Materials
materials
3.4 5.2 2008 13.9 Days CHF 2600
Molecules
molecules
4.6 6.7 1996 14.6 Days CHF 2700
Nanomaterials
nanomaterials
5.3 7.4 2010 13.6 Days CHF 2900
Sensors
sensors
3.9 6.8 2001 17 Days CHF 2600

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Published Papers (7 papers)

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21 pages, 3729 KiB  
Article
Composition Effect on the Formation of Oxide Phases by Thermal Decomposition of CuNiM(III) Layered Double Hydroxides with M(III) = Al, Fe
by Iqra Zubair Awan, Phuoc Hoang Ho, Giada Beltrami, Bernard Fraisse, Thomas Cacciaguerra, Pierrick Gaudin, Nathalie Tanchoux, Stefania Albonetti, Annalisa Martucci, Fabrizio Cavani, Francesco Di Renzo and Didier Tichit
Materials 2024, 17(1), 83; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma17010083 - 23 Dec 2023
Viewed by 699
Abstract
The thermal decomposition processes of coprecipitated Cu-Ni-Al and Cu-Ni-Fe hydroxides and the formation of the mixed oxide phases were followed by thermogravimetry and derivative thermogravimetry analysis (TG – DTG) and in situ X-ray diffraction (XRD) in a temperature range from 25 to 800 [...] Read more.
The thermal decomposition processes of coprecipitated Cu-Ni-Al and Cu-Ni-Fe hydroxides and the formation of the mixed oxide phases were followed by thermogravimetry and derivative thermogravimetry analysis (TG – DTG) and in situ X-ray diffraction (XRD) in a temperature range from 25 to 800 °C. The as-prepared samples exhibited layered double hydroxide (LDH) with a rhombohedral structure for the Ni-richer Al- and Fe-bearing LDHs and a monoclinic structure for the CuAl LDH. Direct precipitation of CuO was also observed for the Cu-richest Fe-bearing samples. After the collapse of the LDHs, dehydration, dehydroxylation, and decarbonation occurred with an overlapping of these events to an extent, depending on the structure and composition, being more pronounced for the Fe-bearing rhombohedral LDHs and the monoclinic LDH. The Fe-bearing amorphous phases showed higher reactivity than the Al-bearing ones toward the crystallization of the mixed oxide phases. This reactivity was improved as the amount of embedded divalent cations increased. Moreover, the influence of copper was effective at a lower content than that of nickel. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Chemistry of 2D Materials)
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14 pages, 2991 KiB  
Article
The Green Synthesis of Reduced Graphene Oxide Using Ellagic Acid: Improving the Contrast-Enhancing Effect of Microbubbles in Ultrasound
by Qiwei Cheng, Yuzhou Wang, Qi Zhou, Shaobo Duan, Beibei Zhang, Yaqiong Li and Lianzhong Zhang
Molecules 2023, 28(22), 7646; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules28227646 - 17 Nov 2023
Viewed by 1350
Abstract
There is an urgent need to realize precise clinical ultrasound with ultrasound contrast agents that provide high echo intensity and mechanical index tolerance. Graphene derivatives possess exceptional characteristics, exhibiting great potential in fabricating ideal ultrasound contrast agents. Herein, we reported a facile and [...] Read more.
There is an urgent need to realize precise clinical ultrasound with ultrasound contrast agents that provide high echo intensity and mechanical index tolerance. Graphene derivatives possess exceptional characteristics, exhibiting great potential in fabricating ideal ultrasound contrast agents. Herein, we reported a facile and green approach to synthesizing reduced graphene oxide with ellagic acid (rGO-EA). To investigate the application of a graphene derivative in ultrasound contrast agents, rGO-EA was dispersed in saline solution and mixed with SonoVue (SV) to fabricate SV@rGO-EA microbubbles. To determine the properties of the product, analyses were performed, including ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy (UV–vis), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray photoelectron spectrum (XPS), X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) and zeta potential analysis. Additionally, cell viability measurements and a hemolysis assay were conducted for a biosafety evaluation. SV@rGO-EA microbubbles were scanned at various mechanical index values to obtain the B-mode and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) mode images in vitro. SV@rGO-EA microbubbles were administered to SD rats, and their livers and kidneys were imaged in CEUS and B-mode. The absorption of rGO-EA resulted in an enhanced echo intensity and mechanical index tolerance of SV@rGO-EA, surpassing the performance of SV microbubbles both in vitro and in vivo. This work exhibited the application potential of graphene derivatives in the field of ultrasound precision medicine. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Chemistry of 2D Materials)
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24 pages, 1558 KiB  
Review
Two-Dimensional Materials: From Discovery to Application in Membrane Distillation/Crystallization Processes
by Mirko Frappa, Francesca Alessandro, Francesca Macedonio and Enrico Drioli
Chemistry 2023, 5(4), 2205-2228; https://doi.org/10.3390/chemistry5040148 - 16 Oct 2023
Viewed by 1122
Abstract
Sustainable water desalination and purification membrane processes require new practical pathways to improve their efficiency. To this end, the inclusion of two-dimensional materials in membrane structure has proven to have a significant impact in various applications. In particular, in processes such as membrane [...] Read more.
Sustainable water desalination and purification membrane processes require new practical pathways to improve their efficiency. To this end, the inclusion of two-dimensional materials in membrane structure has proven to have a significant impact in various applications. In particular, in processes such as membrane distillation and crystallization, these materials, thanks to their characteristics, help to increase the recovery of clean water and, at the same time, to improve the quality and the production of the recovered salts. Therefore, a fundamental aspect of obtaining 2D materials with certain characteristics is the technique used for the preparation. This review provides a broad discussion on the preparation and proprieties of 2D materials, including examples of organic structures (such as graphene and structures containing transition metals and organic metals). Finally, the critical challenges, future research directions, and the opportunities for developing advanced membranes based on 2D materials are outlined. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Chemistry of 2D Materials)
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14 pages, 4783 KiB  
Article
Label-Free Homogeneous Electrochemical Aptasensor Based on Size Exclusion/Charge-Selective Permeability of Nanochannel Arrays and 2D Nanorecognitive Probe for Sensitive Detection of Alpha-Fetoprotein
by Yue Zhang, Shiyue Zhang, Jiyang Liu and Dongyuan Qin
Molecules 2023, 28(19), 6935; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules28196935 - 05 Oct 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 928
Abstract
The labeling-free and immobilization-free homogeneous aptamer sensor offers advantages including simple operation, low cost, and high sensitivity, demonstrating great potential in rapid detection of tumor biomarkers in biological samples. In this work, a labeling-free and immobilization-free homogeneous aptamer sensor was conveniently fabricated by [...] Read more.
The labeling-free and immobilization-free homogeneous aptamer sensor offers advantages including simple operation, low cost, and high sensitivity, demonstrating great potential in rapid detection of tumor biomarkers in biological samples. In this work, a labeling-free and immobilization-free homogeneous aptamer sensor was conveniently fabricated by combining size exclusion and charge-selective penetration of a nanochannel-modified electrode and two-dimensional (2D) nanorecognition probe which can realize selective and highly sensitive detection of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in serum. Vertically ordered mesoporous silica film (VMSF) with ultra-small, uniform, and vertically aligned nanochannels was easily grown on the simple, low-cost, and disposable indium tin oxide (ITO) electrode. Through π-π interaction and electrostatic force, the AFP aptamer (Apt) and electrochemical probe, tris(bipyridine)ruthenium(II) (Ru(bpy)32+), were coloaded onto graphene oxide (GO) through simple incubation, forming a 2D nanoscale recognition probe (Ru(bpy)32+/Apt@GO). Owing to the size exclusion effect of VMSF towards the 2D nanoscale probe, the electrochemical signal of Ru(bpy)32+/Apt@GO could not be detected. In the presence of AFP, the specific binding of AFP to the aptamer causes the dissociation of the aptamer and Ru(bpy)32+ from GO, resulting in their presence in the solution. The efficient electrostatic enrichment towards Ru(bpy)32+ by negatively charged VMSF allows for high electrochemical signals of free Ru(bpy)32+ in the solution. Linear determination of AFP ranged from 1 pg/mL to 1000 ng/mL and could be obtained with a low limit of detection (LOD, 0.8 pg/mL). The high specificity of the adapter endowed the constructed sensor with high selectivity. The fabricated probe can be applied in direct determination of AFP in serum. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Chemistry of 2D Materials)
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12 pages, 3626 KiB  
Article
Single-Layer GaInSe3: Promising Water-Splitting Photocatalyst with Solar Conversion Efficiency over 30% from Theoretical Calculations
by Li-Li Liu, Ru-Fei Tang, De-Fen Li, Ming-Xia Tang, Bing-Zhong Mu, Zheng-Quan Hu, Shi-Fa Wang, Yu-Feng Wen and Xiao-Zhi Wu
Molecules 2023, 28(19), 6858; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules28196858 - 28 Sep 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 800
Abstract
Hydrogen energy from solar water-splitting is known as an ideal method with which to address the energy crisis and global environmental pollution. Herein, the first-principles calculations are carried out to study the photocatalytic water-splitting performance of single-layer GaInSe3 under biaxial strains from [...] Read more.
Hydrogen energy from solar water-splitting is known as an ideal method with which to address the energy crisis and global environmental pollution. Herein, the first-principles calculations are carried out to study the photocatalytic water-splitting performance of single-layer GaInSe3 under biaxial strains from −2% to +2%. Calculations reveal that single-layer GaInSe3 under various biaxial strains has electronic bandgaps ranging from 1.11 to 1.28 eV under biaxial strain from −2% to +2%, as well as a completely separated valence band maximum and conduction band minimum. Meanwhile, the appropriate band edges for water-splitting and visible optical absorption up to ~3 × 105 cm−1 are obtained under biaxial strains from −2% to 0%. More impressively, the solar conversion efficiency of single-layer GaInSe3 under biaxial strains from −2% to 0% reaches over 30%. The OER of unstrained single-layer GaInSe3 can proceed without co-catalysts. These demonstrate that single-layer GaInSe3 is a viable material for solar water-splitting. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Chemistry of 2D Materials)
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13 pages, 9839 KiB  
Article
Enabling Quick Response to Nitrogen Dioxide at Room Temperature and Limit of Detection to Ppb Level by Heavily n-Doped Graphene Hybrid Transistor
by Si-Wei Song, Qian-Min Wang, Miao Yu, Zhi-Yuan Tian and Zhi-Yong Yang
Molecules 2023, 28(13), 5054; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules28135054 - 28 Jun 2023
Viewed by 766
Abstract
Sensitive detection of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is of significance in many areas for health and environmental protections. In this work, we developed an efficient NO2 sensor that can respond within seconds at room temperature, and the limit of detection (LOD) [...] Read more.
Sensitive detection of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is of significance in many areas for health and environmental protections. In this work, we developed an efficient NO2 sensor that can respond within seconds at room temperature, and the limit of detection (LOD) is as low as 100 ppb. Coating cyano-substituted poly(p-phenylene vinylene) (CN-PPV) films on graphene (G) layers can dope G sheets effectively to a heavy n state. The influences of solution concentrations and annealing temperatures on the n-doping effect were investigated in detail. The CN-PPV–G transistors fabricated with the optimized parameters demonstrate active sensing abilities toward NO2. The n-doping state of CN-PPV–G is reduced dramatically by NO2, which is a strong p-doping compound. Upon exposure to 25 ppm of NO2, our CN-PPV–G sensors react in 10 s, indicating it is almost an immediate response. LOD is determined as low as 100 ppb. The ultrahigh responding speed and low LOD are not affected in dry air. Furthermore, cycling use of our sensors can be realized through simple annealing. The superior features shown by our CN-PPV–G sensors are highly desired in the applications of monitoring the level of NO2 in situ and setting immediate alarms. Our results also suggest that transfer curves of transistors can react very promptly to the stimulus of target gas and, thus, are very promising in the development of fast-response sensing devices although the response values may not reach maximum as a tradeoff. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Chemistry of 2D Materials)
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12 pages, 1976 KiB  
Communication
The Formation of a Unique 2D Isonicotinate Polymer Driven by Cu(II) Aerobic Oxidation
by Francisco Sánchez-Férez, Teresa Calvet, Mercè Font-Bardia and Josefina Pons
Materials 2023, 16(10), 3724; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma16103724 - 14 May 2023
Viewed by 779
Abstract
The isolation and structural characterization of a unique Cu(II) isonicotinate (ina) material with 4-acetylpyridine (4-acpy) is provided. The formation of [Cu(ina)2(4-acpy)]n (1) is triggered by the Cu(II) aerobic oxidation of 4-acpy using O2. This gradual formation [...] Read more.
The isolation and structural characterization of a unique Cu(II) isonicotinate (ina) material with 4-acetylpyridine (4-acpy) is provided. The formation of [Cu(ina)2(4-acpy)]n (1) is triggered by the Cu(II) aerobic oxidation of 4-acpy using O2. This gradual formation of ina led to its restrained incorporation and hindered the full displacement of 4-acpy. As a result, 1 is the first example of a 2D layer assembled by an ina ligand capped by a monodentate pyridine ligand. The Cu(II)-mediated aerobic oxidation with O2 was previously demonstrated for aryl methyl ketones, but we extend the applicability of this methodology to heteroaromatic rings, which has not been tested so far. The formation of ina has been identified by 1H NMR, thus demonstrating the feasible but strained formation of ina from 4-acpy in the mild conditions from which 1 was obtained. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Chemistry of 2D Materials)
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