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Personality, Intelligence, Cognitive Skills, and Life Outcomes
The last 25 years saw an explosion in research about the role of intelligence in important life outcomes. Not that psychologists were not aware of the importance of intelligence before, but the publication of Herrnesting and Murray’s (1994) “the bell curve” drew also the attention of other social scientists, particularly economists, as well as the attention of the general public, to the role of intelligence in modern society. In the beginning, the ensuing debate, focused on the role of intelligence versus socio-economic background (see, for example, Fraser, 2008, the “the bell curve wars”), but recently the focus switched to a discussion about the relative role of intelligence versus personality. This discussion has significant implications. It has theoretical implications for our basic understanding of the human condition and the structure of society, and it has practical implications for social and economic policy.
We are looking for papers that deal with one of the following topics:
- Papers that compare the predictive validity of intelligence and personality (both broadly defined) on critical life outcomes such as occupational success, both extrinsic (e.g., pay) and intrinsic (e.g., job satisfaction, burnout), social functioning (e.g., crime, divorce, civic participation), health outcomes (e.g., health behavior, mortality), fertility, and more.
- Papers that compare the processes by which intelligence, in conjunction with personality, and possibly other variables (e.g., socio-economic background) affect important life-outcomes (e.g., mediating and moderating effects).
- Papers that investigate the reverse causality effects between personality, intelligence and important life outcomes, e.g., how life outcomes such as social status, health, job complexity, and poverty, might affect intelligence, cognitive functioning and personality?
- Theoretical papers that seek to establish novel theoretical contributions to our understanding of interrelations between intelligence, personality and important life outcomes.
- Review papers that summarize the body of existing research and provide new and original insights into the role of intelligence versus personality in important life outcomes.
- Papers that discuss how conceptualization and measurement of intelligence and personality might influence our understanding of their joint effect on important life outcomes.
- We are also open to papers that take a critical view of the role of intelligence and personality in predicting life outcomes and/or discuss other factors that can explain observed effects of intelligence and personality on important life outcomes.
Prof. Dr. Yoav Ganzach
Dr. Konrad Kulikowski
|Journal Name||Impact Factor||CiteScore||Launched Year||First Decision (median)||APC|
|2.286||3.8||2011||17.7 Days||1800 CHF|
|-||2.9||2011||20.2 Days||1400 CHF|
Journal of Intelligencejintelligence
|3.176||4.0||2013||24.2 Days||1400 CHF|
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Published Papers (5 papers)
The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Title: Insecure yet Resourceful: Psychological Capital Mitigates the Negative Effects of Career Insecurity on Subjective Career Success
Authors: Jetmir Zyberaj; Cafer Bakac
Affiliation: Work and Organizational Psychology Group, Department of Psychology, University of Bamberg, 96047 Bamberg, Germany
Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has increased employee career concerns. In a German-speaking sample (N = 185), employing a design with two measurement points, we investigated the role of employees’ career insecurity on their career satisfaction. We employed the psychological capital (PsyCap) as a moderator. Results showed a negative relationship between career insecurity and career satisfaction. Furthermore, moderation analyses showed that PsyCap significantly moderates the effects of career insecurity on employee career satisfaction. Specifically, for high PsyCap, the effect of career insecurity on employee career satisfaction does not hold significant, while it does hold significant for low PsyCap, showing that PsyCap can mitigate the negative effects of career insecurity on employee career satisfaction. With a new personal construct in career research, our study contributes to this field by investigating the role of PsyCap for employee careers, especially in a crisis context (i.e., COVID-19). We discuss implications for employees and organizations.
Title: Cognitive Resources in Working Memory: Domain-Specific or General?
Authors: Anna Izmalkova; Artem Barmin; Boris Velichkovsky; Gerda Prutko; Igor Chistyakov
Affiliation: Moscow State Linguistic University
Abstract: An experiment in dual-task paradigm was carried out to explore the nature of domain-specific and domain-general resources distribution in working memory. The subjects (N=32) performed symmetry span and letter reading span tasks under visuospatial (tapping) and verbal (shadowing) cognitive load. The effects of task type and cognitive load modality were analyzed. The results are described within the concentric model framework: significant distinctions in relative accuracy under visuospatial and verbal cognitive load in visuospatial and verbal tasks were observed when N elements in the set exceeded the region of direct access capacity, while no such effect was observed for 2-3 element sets. This is attributed to domain-general resources in the region of direct access, and domain-specific resources in the activated long-term memory. We also found evidence for asymmetric distribution of visuospatial and verbal working memory resources in that the verbal component is more susceptible to cognitive load.
Title: Adult avoidant attachment, attention bias and emotional regulation patterns: An eye-tracker study
Authors: Arcangelo Uccula; Beniamina Mercante; Lavinia Barone; Paolo Enrico
Affiliation: Department of History, Human Sciences and Education, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy
Abstract: Proximity seeking in distress situations is one of the cores of attachment theory, however, avoidant individuals often develop secondary strategies. The aim of this study was to investigate the processes of the attachment deactivation strategy, on which there is little agreement among researchers. Seventy-two participants responded to the Experiences in Close Relationships Scale questionnaire and participated in an experimental situation in which they had to choose between pictures of care or food, following the presentation of threatening or neutral prime pictures. The last picture fixation, considered a strong predictor of the subsequent choice by the attentional drift diffusion model, was studied using an eye-tracking methodology. In general, the results show a high consistency in the choice of care pictures in threatening condition. Conversely, in avoidant individuals the results show that, in both conditions, the last fixation of the care pictures was associated with a decrease in its choice, whereas the choice of food after the last fixation of care pictures increased. When the last fixation was the food pictures, this effect was not found. These results support the dual-process response of avoidant individuals, involving an early response to attachment stimuli, followed by disengagement and attentional avoidance.
Title: Assessing patterns of anti-social and risky behaviour in the Millennium Cohort Study – what are the roles of SES, Cognitive Ability and Personality?”
Authors: Michael O'Connell
Affiliation: School of Psychology, UCD, Dublin, Ireland
Abstract: Data from the Millennium Cohort Study (UK) were examined to assess the correlates of anti-social and risky behaviour among adolescents. Over 10,000 seventeen-year-olds were asked about their participation in anti-social or risky behaviours. For SES, the survey’s details around household income, and the educational attainment and occupational status of respondents’ parents were used. A latent measure was extracted from assessments of cognitive ability. Personality measures - the ‘Big Five’ - were included, as was a composite measure of hyperactivity. SES and cognitive ability were very weakly associated with anti-social and risky behaviour, while personality measures, and hyperactivity were more strongly linked. Hyperactivity, Agreeableness and Extraversion were the most important measures linked to ASRA and its subscales.