Topic Editors

College of Electrical Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China
Dr. Ningyi Dai
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and SKL IOTSC, University of Macau, Macao, China
Dr. Xiandong Xu
School of Electrical and Information Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
Prof. Dr. Yujian Ye
School of Electrical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
Dr. Haifeng Qiu
School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
College of Electrical Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China

Low-Carbon Power and Energy Systems

Abstract submission deadline
closed (31 July 2023)
Manuscript submission deadline
closed (31 October 2023)
Viewed by
13045

Topic Information

Dear Colleagues,

Low-carbon power and energy systems are attracting attention in both academia and industry due to growing concerns about global warming. A large percentage of carbon emissions are generated via fossil fuel consumption in the power and energy industry. Therefore, scientific and technological progression in the low-carbon power and energy-system fields is imperative to help realize the “Carbon Neutral” Target. Low-carbon power and energy systems involve issues related to technical, economical, commercial and policy challenges. Interdisciplinarity efforts and contributions are of great importance for low-carbon power and energy systems. This Topic will collect the latest developments and applications in these interdisciplinary fields, providing a common framework to authors from different research areas. Potential topics include (but are not limited to): 

  • Low-carbon power and energy system theory and applications.
  • Low-carbon planning approaches and tools for power and energy systems.
  • Low-carbon dispatch and management technologies for power and energy systems.
  • Low-carbon policy for power and energy systems.
  • Low-carbon technologies for energy/power and transportation nexus system.
  • Low-carbon technologies for cooling-heat-electricity-gas integrated energy system.
  • Low-carbon/renewable power generation technologies.
  • Wind/photovoltaic/tidal/biogas/biomass power-generation technologies.
  • Advanced technology for geothermal energy/combined heat and power (CHP) plants.
  • Carbon/green electricity trading technologies.
  • Hydrogen and its power grid integration technologies.
  • Net-zero/zero energy/carbon system technologies for microgrids and buildings.
  • Energy saving and efficiency improvement technologies for microgrids and buildings.
  • Carbon Capture Utilization and Storage (CCUS) technologies.
  • Technical-economical evaluations and market analyses.
  • Reliability, flexibility and resilience technologies in the low-carbon trend. 

Dr. Hongjun Gao
Dr. Ningyi Dai
Dr. Xiandong Xu
Dr. Yujian Ye
Dr. Haifeng Qiu
Dr. Shuaijia He
Topic Editors

Keywords

  • low carbon
  • planning, dispatch, management and policy
  • energy/power and transportation nexus system
  • cooling-heat-electricity-gas integrated energy system
  • renewable power generation
  • wind/photovoltaic/tidal power generation
  • green electricity trading technologies
  • hydrogen
  • net-zero energy
  • zero carbon
  • microgrids and buildings
  • energy saving
  • efficiency improvement
  • CCUS
  • technical–economical evaluations
  • market analyses
  • reliability, flexibility and resilience

Participating Journals

Journal Name Impact Factor CiteScore Launched Year First Decision (median) APC
C
carbon
4.1 - 2015 23.8 Days CHF 1600
Clean Technologies
cleantechnol
3.8 4.5 2019 26.6 Days CHF 1600
Energies
energies
3.2 5.5 2008 16.1 Days CHF 2600
Environments
environments
3.7 5.9 2014 23.7 Days CHF 1800
Sustainability
sustainability
3.9 5.8 2009 18.8 Days CHF 2400

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Published Papers (6 papers)

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20 pages, 5771 KiB  
Article
Research on the Optimization of Energy–Carbon Co-Sharing Operation in Multiple Multi-Energy Microgrids Based on Nash Negotiation
by Xiaoling Yuan, Can Cui, Guanxin Zhu, Hanqing Ma and Hao Cao
Energies 2023, 16(15), 5655; https://doi.org/10.3390/en16155655 - 27 Jul 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 719
Abstract
Efficient and low-carbon energy utilization is a crucial aspect of promoting green and sustainable development. Multi-energy microgrids, which incorporate multiple interchangeable energy types, offer effective solutions for low-carbon and efficient energy consumption. This study aims to investigate the sharing of energy and carbon [...] Read more.
Efficient and low-carbon energy utilization is a crucial aspect of promoting green and sustainable development. Multi-energy microgrids, which incorporate multiple interchangeable energy types, offer effective solutions for low-carbon and efficient energy consumption. This study aims to investigate the sharing of energy and carbon in multiple multi-energy microgrids (MMEMs) to enhance their economic impact, low-carbon attributes, and the efficient utilization of renewable energy. In this paper, an energy–carbon co-sharing operation model is established, incorporating carbon capture systems (CCSs) and two-stage power-to-gas (P2G) devices within the MMEMs to actualize low-carbon operation. Furthermore, based on cooperative game theory, this paper establishes an energy–carbon co-sharing Nash negotiation model and negotiates based on the energy–carbon contribution of each subject in the cooperation as bargaining power so as to maximize both the benefits of the MMEM alliance and the distribution of the cooperation benefits. The case study results show that the overall benefits of the alliance can be increased through Nash negotiation. Energy–carbon co-sharing can effectively increase the renewable energy consumption rate of 8.34%, 8.78%, and 8.83% for each multi-energy microgrid, and the overall carbon emission reduction rate reaches 17.81%. Meanwhile, the distribution of the benefits according to the energy–carbon co-sharing contribution capacity of each entity is fairer. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Low-Carbon Power and Energy Systems)
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41 pages, 1472 KiB  
Review
A Review of CCUS in the Context of Foams, Regulatory Frameworks and Monitoring
by Alirza Orujov, Kipp Coddington and Saman A. Aryana
Energies 2023, 16(7), 3284; https://doi.org/10.3390/en16073284 - 06 Apr 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 3841
Abstract
Greenhouse gas emission into the atmosphere is considered the main reason for the rise in Earth’s mean surface temperature. According to the Paris Agreement, to prevent the rise of the global average surface temperature beyond two degrees Celsius, global CO2 emissions must [...] Read more.
Greenhouse gas emission into the atmosphere is considered the main reason for the rise in Earth’s mean surface temperature. According to the Paris Agreement, to prevent the rise of the global average surface temperature beyond two degrees Celsius, global CO2 emissions must be cut substantially. While a transition to a net-zero emission scenario is envisioned by mid-century, carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) will play a crucial role in mitigating ongoing greenhouse gas emissions. Injection of CO2 into geological formations is a major pathway to enable large-scale storage. Despite significant recent technological advancements, mass deployment of these technologies still faces several technical and non-technical difficulties. This paper provides an overview of technical milestones reached thus far in CO2 capture, utilization, geological storage, monitoring technologies, and non-technical aspects such as regulatory frameworks and related policies in the US and the rest of the world. This paper describes different injection methods to store CO2 in various subsurface formations, the use of foams and the resulting potential gains in CO2 storage capacity, the role of nanoparticles for foam stabilization, and ensuring long-term storage safety. This work also addresses several safety-related aspects of geological storage and subsurface monitoring technologies that may mitigate risks associated with long-term storage. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Low-Carbon Power and Energy Systems)
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20 pages, 2303 KiB  
Article
A Robust Participation in the Load Following Ancillary Service and Energy Markets for a Virtual Power Plant in Western Australia
by Behnaz Behi, Philip Jennings, Ali Arefi, Ali Azizivahed, Almantas Pivrikas, S. M. Muyeen and Arian Gorjy
Energies 2023, 16(7), 3054; https://doi.org/10.3390/en16073054 - 27 Mar 2023
Viewed by 1295
Abstract
Virtual power plants (VPPs) are an effective platform for attracting private investment and customer engagement to speed up the integration of green renewable resources. In this paper, a robust bidding strategy to participate in both energy and ancillary service markets in the wholesale [...] Read more.
Virtual power plants (VPPs) are an effective platform for attracting private investment and customer engagement to speed up the integration of green renewable resources. In this paper, a robust bidding strategy to participate in both energy and ancillary service markets in the wholesale electricity market is proposed for a realistic VPP in Western Australia. The strategy is accurate and fast, so the VPP can bid in a very short time period. To engage customers in the demand management schemes of the VPP, the gamified approach is utilized to make the exercise enjoyable while not compromising their comfort levels. The modelling of revenue, expenses, and profit for the load-following ancillary service (LFAS) is provided, and the effective bidding strategy is developed. The simulation results show a significant improvement in the financial indicators of the VPP when participating in both the LFAS and energy markets. The payback period can be improved by 3 years to the payback period of 6 years and the internal rate of return (IRR) by 7.5% to the IRR of 18% by participating in both markets. The accuracy and speed of the proposed bidding strategy method is evident when compared with a mathematical method. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Low-Carbon Power and Energy Systems)
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13 pages, 4136 KiB  
Article
A Comprehensive Model to Estimate Electric Vehicle Battery’s State of Charge for a Pre-Scheduled Trip Based on Energy Consumption Estimation
by Quynh T. Tran, Leon Roose, Chayaphol Vichitpunt, Kumpanat Thongmai and Krittanat Noisopa
Clean Technol. 2023, 5(1), 25-37; https://doi.org/10.3390/cleantechnol5010002 - 23 Dec 2022
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 2234
Abstract
EV development is being prioritized in order to attain the target of net zero emissions by 2050. Electric vehicles have the potential to decrease greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, which contribute to global warming. The driving range of electric vehicles is a significant limitation [...] Read more.
EV development is being prioritized in order to attain the target of net zero emissions by 2050. Electric vehicles have the potential to decrease greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, which contribute to global warming. The driving range of electric vehicles is a significant limitation that prevents people from using them generally. This paper proposes a comprehensive model for calculating the amount of energy needed to charge EVs for a scheduled trip. The model contains anticipated consumption energy for the whole trip as well as contingency energy to account for unpredictable conditions. The model is simple to apply to various types of electric vehicles and produces results with sufficient precision. A number of driving tests with different road characteristics and weather conditions were implemented to evaluate the success of the proposed method. The findings could help the users feel more confidence when driving EVs, promote the usage of EVs, and advocate for the increased use of green and renewable energy sources. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Low-Carbon Power and Energy Systems)
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19 pages, 3673 KiB  
Article
An Enhanced Second-Order Cone Programming-Based Evaluation Method on Maximum Hosting Capacity of Solar Energy in Distribution Systems with Integrated Energy
by Chunyi Wang, Fengzhang Luo, Zheng Jiao, Xiaolei Zhang, Zhipeng Lu, Yanshuo Wang, Ren Zhao and Yang Yang
Energies 2022, 15(23), 9025; https://doi.org/10.3390/en15239025 - 29 Nov 2022
Viewed by 1322
Abstract
In order to adjust to the change of the large-scale deployment of photovoltaic (PV) power generation and fully exploit the potentialities of an integrated energy distribution system (IEDS) in solar energy accommodation, an evaluation method on maximum hosting capacity of solar energy in [...] Read more.
In order to adjust to the change of the large-scale deployment of photovoltaic (PV) power generation and fully exploit the potentialities of an integrated energy distribution system (IEDS) in solar energy accommodation, an evaluation method on maximum hosting capacity of solar energy in IEDS based on convex relaxation optimization algorithm is proposed in this paper. Firstly, an evaluation model of maximum hosting capacity of solar energy for IEDS considering the electrical-thermal comprehensive utilization of solar energy is proposed, in which the maximization of PV capacity and solar collector (SC) capacity are fully considered. Secondly, IEDS’s potential in electricity, heat, and gas energy coordinated optimization is fully exploited to enhance the hosting capacity of solar energy in which the electric distribution network, heating network, and natural gas network constraints are fully modeled. Then, an enhanced second-order cone programming (SOCP)-based method is employed to solve the proposed maximum hosting capacity model. Through SOCP relaxation and linearization, the original nonconvex nonlinear programming model is converted into the mixed-integer second-order cone programming model. Meanwhile, to ensure the exactness of SOCP relaxation and improve the computation efficiency, increasingly tight linear cuts of distribution system and natural gas system are added to the SOCP relaxation. Finally, an example is given to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method. The analysis results show that the maximum hosting capacity of solar energy can be improved significantly by realizing the coordination of an integrated multi-energy system and the optimal utilization of electricity, heat, and gas energy. By applying SOCP relaxation, linearization, and adding increasingly tight linear cuts of distribution system and natural gas system to the SOCP relaxation, the proposed model can be solved accurately and efficiently. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Low-Carbon Power and Energy Systems)
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8 pages, 1825 KiB  
Review
A Mini-Review on Straw Bale Construction
by Ghadie Tlaiji, Pascal Biwole, Salah Ouldboukhitine and Fabienne Pennec
Energies 2022, 15(21), 7859; https://doi.org/10.3390/en15217859 - 23 Oct 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2225
Abstract
Straw bale building construction is attracting a revived public interest because of its potential for reduced carbon footprint, hygrothermal comfort, and energy savings at an affordable price. The present paper aims to summarize the current knowledge on straw bale construction, using available data [...] Read more.
Straw bale building construction is attracting a revived public interest because of its potential for reduced carbon footprint, hygrothermal comfort, and energy savings at an affordable price. The present paper aims to summarize the current knowledge on straw bale construction, using available data from academic, industry, and public agencies sources. The main findings on straw fibers, bales, walls, and buildings are presented. The literature shows a wide variability of results, which reflects the diversity of straw material and of straw construction techniques. It is found that the effective thermal conductivity, density, specific heat, and elastic modulus of straw bales used in construction are in the range 0.033–0.19 W/(m·K), 80–150 kg/m3, 1075–2000 J/(kg·K), and 150–350 kPa respectively. Most straw-based multilayered walls comply with fire resistance regulations, and their U-value and sound reduction index range from 0.11 to 0.28 W/m2 K and 42 to 53 dB respectively, depending on the wall layout. When compared to standard buildings, straw bale buildings do provide yearly reductions in carbon emissions and energy consumption. The reductions often match those obtained after applying energy-saving technologies in standard buildings. The paper ends by discussing the future research needed to foster the dissemination of straw bale construction. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Low-Carbon Power and Energy Systems)
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