Topic Editors

Department of Physics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, GR-54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
Dr. Karthikeyan Rajagopal
Center for Nonlinear Systems, Chennai Institute of Technology, Tamil Nadu 600069, India
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Dschang, Dschang P.O. Box 134, Cameroon
Fractional-Order Systems and Nonlinear Circuits Group, Faculty of Electronics Sciences, Autonomous University of Puebla, Puebla 72570, Mexico

Recent Trends in Nonlinear, Chaotic and Complex Systems

Abstract submission deadline
30 June 2024
Manuscript submission deadline
30 August 2024
Viewed by
15228

Topic Information

Dear Colleagues,

We live in a world dominated by nonlinearities, which play an important role in many natural phenomena. Furthermore, chaos is a common phenomenon in nature and exists in various nonlinear systems. Theoretical research on chaos has lasted for almost five decades. Various definitions and properties, theoretical bases and frameworks, correlations with fractals, and test methods of chaos have been presented and examined.

Therefore, the theoretical concept of chaos helps us to examine phenomena and behaviors not only in physical, chemical, and biological systems, but also in economic and sociological models. At the same time, chaos has also been used in many practical and useful applications, such as in cryptography, secure communications, optimization algorithms, and robotics. Furthermore, with the development of nonlinear dynamics, chaotic phenomena have been found in recent nonlinear systems, such as fractional differential systems, fractional discrete systems, time delays systems, and discontinuous dynamical systems. Especially in the last three decades, complex dynamics, including chaos, bifurcation, and other mechanisms, have also been found in these new systems. Nonlinear systems, bifurcation, chaos, and fractals are intertwined, which constitute several major topics in the study of nonlinear dynamics.

In this sense, research in this topic should contribute to presenting recent trends in theory, analysis, numerical simulation, and experimental realization, promising new results and novel practical applications on various topics of current interest on chaos and the related field of nonlinear dynamics, as well as on complex systems.

Dr. Christos Volos
Dr. Karthikeyan Rajagopal
Dr. Sajad Jafari
Dr. Jacques Kengne
Dr. Jesus M. Munoz-Pacheco
Topic Editors

Keywords

  • chaos theory
  • nonlinear classical and fractional systems and their applications
  • nonlinear electronic circuits
  • synchronization and chaos control
  • complex systems
  • biological and (bio)medical complexity
  • neurodynamics and brain dynamics
  • economic and social dynamics and complexity
  • data-driven dynamical systems
  • time delay systems

Participating Journals

Journal Name Impact Factor CiteScore Launched Year First Decision (median) APC
Entropy
entropy
2.7 4.7 1999 20.8 Days CHF 2600 Submit
Fractal and Fractional
fractalfract
5.4 3.6 2017 18.9 Days CHF 2700 Submit
Dynamics
dynamics
- - 2021 12.7 Days CHF 1000 Submit
Symmetry
symmetry
2.7 4.9 2009 16.2 Days CHF 2400 Submit
Algorithms
algorithms
2.3 3.7 2008 15 Days CHF 1600 Submit

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Published Papers (8 papers)

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21 pages, 761 KiB  
Article
Chaos, Fractionality, Nonlinear Contagion, and Causality Dynamics of the Metaverse, Energy Consumption, and Environmental Pollution: Markov-Switching Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity Copula and Causality Methods
by Melike Bildirici, Özgür Ömer Ersin and Blend Ibrahim
Fractal Fract. 2024, 8(2), 114; https://doi.org/10.3390/fractalfract8020114 - 14 Feb 2024
Viewed by 1030
Abstract
Metaverse (MV) technology introduces new tools for users each day. MV companies have a significant share in the total stock markets today, and their size is increasing. However, MV technologies are questioned as to whether they contribute to environmental pollution with their increasing [...] Read more.
Metaverse (MV) technology introduces new tools for users each day. MV companies have a significant share in the total stock markets today, and their size is increasing. However, MV technologies are questioned as to whether they contribute to environmental pollution with their increasing energy consumption (EC). This study explores complex nonlinear contagion with tail dependence and causality between MV stocks, EC, and environmental pollution proxied with carbon dioxide emissions (CO2) with a decade-long daily dataset covering 18 May 2012–16 March 2023. The Mandelbrot–Wallis and Lo’s rescaled range (R/S) tests confirm long-term dependence and fractionality, and the largest Lyapunov exponents, Shannon and Havrda, Charvât, and Tsallis (HCT) entropy tests followed by the Kolmogorov–Sinai (KS) complexity measure confirm chaos, entropy, and complexity. The Brock, Dechert, and Scheinkman (BDS) test of independence test confirms nonlinearity, and White‘s test of heteroskedasticity of nonlinear forms and Engle’s autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity test confirm heteroskedasticity, in addition to fractionality and chaos. In modeling, the marginal distributions are modeled with Markov-Switching Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity Copula (MS-GARCH–Copula) processes with two regimes for low and high volatility and asymmetric tail dependence between MV, EC, and CO2 in all regimes. The findings indicate relatively higher contagion with larger copula parameters in high-volatility regimes. Nonlinear causality is modeled under regime-switching heteroskedasticity, and the results indicate unidirectional causality from MV to EC, from MV to CO2, and from EC to CO2, in addition to bidirectional causality among MV and EC, which amplifies the effects on air pollution. The findings of this paper offer vital insights into the MV, EC, and CO2 nexus under chaos, fractionality, and nonlinearity. Important policy recommendations are generated. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Recent Trends in Nonlinear, Chaotic and Complex Systems)
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16 pages, 2096 KiB  
Article
The Caputo Nonlocal Structural Derivative Ultraslow Diffusion Model of Language Change and the Microscopic Mechanism
by Wei Xu, Hui Liu, Yingjie Liang and Shijun Zhao
Fractal Fract. 2024, 8(1), 66; https://doi.org/10.3390/fractalfract8010066 - 17 Jan 2024
Viewed by 985
Abstract
Numerous studies have observed and analyzed the dynamics of language change from a diffusion perspective. As a complex and changeable system, the process of language change is characterized by a long memory that conforms to ultraslow diffusion. However, it is not perfectly suited [...] Read more.
Numerous studies have observed and analyzed the dynamics of language change from a diffusion perspective. As a complex and changeable system, the process of language change is characterized by a long memory that conforms to ultraslow diffusion. However, it is not perfectly suited for modeling with the traditional diffusion model. The Caputo nonlocal structural derivative is a further development of the classic Caputo fractional derivative. Its kernel function, characterized as an arbitrary function, proves highly effective in dealing with ultraslow diffusion. In this study, we utilized an extended logarithmic function to formulate a Caputo nonlocal structural derivative diffusion model for qualitatively analyzing the evolution process of language. The mean square displacement that grows logarithmically was derived through the Tauberian theorem and the Fourier–Laplace transform. Its effectiveness and credibility were verified by the appearance of already popular words on Japanese blogs. Compared to the random diffusion model, the Caputo nonlocal structural derivative diffusion model proves to be more precise in simulating the process of language change. The microscopic mechanism of ultraslow diffusion was explored using the continuous time random walk model, which involves a logarithmic function with a long tail. Both models incorporate memory effects, which can provide useful guidance for modeling diffusion behavior in other social phenomena. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Recent Trends in Nonlinear, Chaotic and Complex Systems)
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24 pages, 2472 KiB  
Article
News Waves: Hard News, Soft News, Fake News, Rumors, News Wavetrains
by Nikolay K. Vitanov, Zlatinka I. Dimitrova and Kaloyan N. Vitanov
Entropy 2024, 26(1), 5; https://doi.org/10.3390/e26010005 - 19 Dec 2023
Viewed by 4625
Abstract
We discuss the spread of a piece of news in a population. This is modeled by SIR model of epidemic spread. The model can be reduced to a nonlinear differential equation for the number of people affected by the news of interest. The [...] Read more.
We discuss the spread of a piece of news in a population. This is modeled by SIR model of epidemic spread. The model can be reduced to a nonlinear differential equation for the number of people affected by the news of interest. The differential equation has an exponential nonlinearity and it can be approximated by a sequence of nonlinear differential equations with polynomial nonlinearities. Exact solutions to these equations can be obtained by the Simple Equations Method (SEsM). Some of these exact solutions can be used to model a class of waves associated with the spread of the news in a population. The presence of exact solutions allow to study in detail the dependence of the amplitude and the time horizon of the news waves on the wave parameters, such as the size of the population, initial number of spreaders of the piece of the news, transmission rate, and recovery rate. This allows for recommendations about the change of wave parameters in order to achieve a large amplitude or appropriate time horizon of the news wave. We discuss five types of news waves on the basis of the values of the transmission rate and recovery rate—types A, B, C, D, and E of news waves. In addition, we discuss the possibility of building wavetrains by news waves. There are three possible kinds of wavetrains with respect of the amplitude of the wave: increasing wavetrain, decreasing wavetrain, and mixed wavetrain. The increasing wavetrain is especially interesting, as it is connected to an increasing amplitude of the news wave with respect to the amplitude of the previous wave of the wavetrain. It can find applications in advertising, propaganda, etc. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Recent Trends in Nonlinear, Chaotic and Complex Systems)
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13 pages, 2318 KiB  
Article
Research on the Dynamical Behavior of Public Opinion Triggered by Rumor Based on a Nonlinear Oscillator Model
by Wanglai Li, Huizhang Shen, Zhangxue Huang and Hanzhe Yang
Entropy 2023, 25(12), 1614; https://doi.org/10.3390/e25121614 - 01 Dec 2023
Viewed by 632
Abstract
In public opinion triggered by rumors, the authenticity of the information remains uncertain, and the main topic oscillates between diverse opinions. In this paper, a nonlinear oscillator model is proposed to demonstrate the public opinion triggered by rumors. Based on the model and [...] Read more.
In public opinion triggered by rumors, the authenticity of the information remains uncertain, and the main topic oscillates between diverse opinions. In this paper, a nonlinear oscillator model is proposed to demonstrate the public opinion triggered by rumors. Based on the model and actual data of one case, it is found that a continuous flow of new information about rumors acts as external forces on the system, probably leading to the chaotic behavior of public opinion. Moreover, similar features are observed in three other cases, and the same model is also applicable to these cases. Based on these results, it is shown that our model possesses generality, revealing the evolutionary trends of a certain type of public opinion in real-world scenarios. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Recent Trends in Nonlinear, Chaotic and Complex Systems)
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23 pages, 14185 KiB  
Article
Bifurcation and Chaotic Behavior of Duffing System with Fractional-Order Derivative and Time Delay
by Cuiyan Wang, Meiqi Wang, Wuce Xing and Shaoxuan Shi
Fractal Fract. 2023, 7(8), 638; https://doi.org/10.3390/fractalfract7080638 - 21 Aug 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1010
Abstract
In this paper, the abundant nonlinear dynamical behaviors of a fractional-order time-delayed Duffing system under harmonic excitation are studied. By constructing Melnikov function, the necessary conditions of chaotic motion in horseshoe shape are detected, and the chaos threshold curve is obtained by comparing [...] Read more.
In this paper, the abundant nonlinear dynamical behaviors of a fractional-order time-delayed Duffing system under harmonic excitation are studied. By constructing Melnikov function, the necessary conditions of chaotic motion in horseshoe shape are detected, and the chaos threshold curve is obtained by comparing the results obtained through the Melnikov theory and numerical iterative algorithm. The results show that the trend of change is the same, which confirms the accuracy of the chaos threshold curve. It could be found that when the excitation frequency ω is larger than a certain value, the Melnikov theory is not valid for these values. Furthermore, by numerical simulation, some numerical results are obtained, including phase portraits, the largest Lyapunov exponents, and the bifurcation diagrams, Poincare maps, time histories, and frequency spectrograms at some typical points. These numerical simulation results show that the system exhibits some new complex dynamical behaviors, including entry into the state of chaotic motion from single period to period-doubling bifurcation and chaotic motion and periodic motion alternating under the necessary condition of chaotic occurrence. In addition, the effects of time delay, fractional-order coefficient, fractional order, linear viscous damping coefficient, and linear stiffness coefficient on the chaotic threshold curve are discussed, respectively. Those results reveal that there exist abundant nonlinear dynamic behaviors in this fractional-order system, and by adjusting these parameters reasonably, the system could be transformed from chaotic motion to non-chaotic motion. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Recent Trends in Nonlinear, Chaotic and Complex Systems)
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24 pages, 14255 KiB  
Article
Joint Encryption Model Based on a Randomized Autoencoder Neural Network and Coupled Chaos Mapping
by Anqi Hu, Xiaoxue Gong and Lei Guo
Entropy 2023, 25(8), 1153; https://doi.org/10.3390/e25081153 - 01 Aug 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 780
Abstract
Following an in-depth analysis of one-dimensional chaos, a randomized selective autoencoder neural network (AENN), and coupled chaotic mapping are proposed to address the short period and low complexity of one-dimensional chaos. An improved method is proposed for synchronizing keys during the transmission of [...] Read more.
Following an in-depth analysis of one-dimensional chaos, a randomized selective autoencoder neural network (AENN), and coupled chaotic mapping are proposed to address the short period and low complexity of one-dimensional chaos. An improved method is proposed for synchronizing keys during the transmission of one-time pad encryption, which can greatly reduce the usage of channel resources. Then, a joint encryption model based on randomized AENN and a new chaotic coupling mapping is proposed. The performance analysis concludes that the encryption model possesses a huge key space and high sensitivity, and achieves the effect of one-time pad encryption. Experimental results show that this model is a high-security joint encryption model that saves secure channel resources and has the ability to resist common attacks, such as exhaustive attacks, selective plaintext attacks, and statistical attacks. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Recent Trends in Nonlinear, Chaotic and Complex Systems)
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19 pages, 12076 KiB  
Article
Evaluation of Geometric Attractor Structure and Recurrence Analysis in Professional Dancers
by Michalina Błażkiewicz
Entropy 2022, 24(9), 1310; https://doi.org/10.3390/e24091310 - 16 Sep 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1609
Abstract
Background: Human motor systems contain nonlinear features. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the geometric structure of attractors and analyze recurrence in two different pirouettes (jazz and classic) performed by 15 professional dancers. Methods: The kinematics of the body’s center of [...] Read more.
Background: Human motor systems contain nonlinear features. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the geometric structure of attractors and analyze recurrence in two different pirouettes (jazz and classic) performed by 15 professional dancers. Methods: The kinematics of the body’s center of mass (CoM) and knee of the supporting leg (LKNE) during the pirouette were measured using the Vicon system. A time series of selected points were resampled, normalized, and randomly reordered. Then, every second time series was flipped to be combined with other time series and make a long time series out of the repetitions of a single task. The attractors were reconstructed, and the convex hull volumes (CHV) were counted for the CoM and LKNE for each pirouette in each direction. Recurrence quantification analysis (RQA) was used to extract additional information. Results: The CHVs calculated for the LKNE were significantly lower for the jazz pirouette. All RQA measures had the highest values for LKNE along the mediolateral axis for the jazz pirouette. This result underscores the high determinism, high motion recurrence, and complexity of this maneuver. Conclusions: The findings offer new insight into the evaluation of the approximation of homogeneity in motion control. A high determinism indicates a highly stable and predictive motion trajectory. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Recent Trends in Nonlinear, Chaotic and Complex Systems)
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14 pages, 5464 KiB  
Article
A Novel Hyperchaotic 2D-SFCF with Simple Structure and Its Application in Image Encryption
by Yongsheng Hu, Han Wu and Luoyu Zhou
Entropy 2022, 24(9), 1266; https://doi.org/10.3390/e24091266 - 09 Sep 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1663
Abstract
In this paper, a novel image encryption algorithm is proposed based on hyperchaotic two-dimensional sin-fractional-cos-fractional (2D-SFCF), called sin-fractional-cos-fractional image-encryption (SFCF-IE). The 2D-SFCF is constructed from two one-dimensional cosine fractional (1-DCFs), and it has a more complex chaotic behavior with a larger parameter space [...] Read more.
In this paper, a novel image encryption algorithm is proposed based on hyperchaotic two-dimensional sin-fractional-cos-fractional (2D-SFCF), called sin-fractional-cos-fractional image-encryption (SFCF-IE). The 2D-SFCF is constructed from two one-dimensional cosine fractional (1-DCFs), and it has a more complex chaotic behavior with a larger parameter space than one-dimensional chaotic systems. Compared with the two-dimensional (2D) chaotic system, the 2D-SFCF has a simple structure, and the parameter space in the chaotic state is continuous, which is beneficial to generating the keystream in the cryptosystem. Therefore, in the novel image encryption algorithm, we use the 2D-SFCF to generate the keystream of the cryptosystem. The encryption algorithm is a process of scrambling and diffusion. Different from common diffusion methods, the diffusion starting position of the SFCF-IE is randomly generated, enhancing the algorithm’s security. Simulation experiments show that the image encrypted by this algorithm has better distribution characteristics and can resist common attack methods. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Recent Trends in Nonlinear, Chaotic and Complex Systems)
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