Special Issue "Evolution of the Hydrological Regime in Relation to Climate Change"

A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "Water and Climate Change".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 September 2023) | Viewed by 3135

Special Issue Editors

Department of Geography,University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221, USA
Interests: Hydrology; water resources; environmental studies and modeling; physical geography; environmental engineering
Institute of Water and Environmental Engineering, Department of Hydraulic Engineering and Environment, School of Civil Engineering, Polytechnic University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Interests: climate change; water resources; watershed management; hydraulic engineering; renewable energies; coastal engineering; coastal management
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

A comprehensive understanding of climate change impacts on hydrological systems can provide guidance for water resources management under a changing environment. Furthermore, by investigating the behavior of watersheds under climate change, new knowledge about the fundamental dynamics of hydrological systems can be developed. In the era of Big Data, the availability of climatic and hydrological data is increasing rapidly across the world, which provide an opportunity for the hydrological scientific community to explore new relationships between hydrological regimes and climatic drivers. For instance, according to the Budyko framework, water partitioning from precipitation to runoff and evaporation in watersheds is primarily controlled by climate. Given continuous climate change, it is expected that hydrological systems will correspondingly evolve. This co-evolution process of climate and hydrological regimes needs to be systematically investigated.

This Special Issue aims to present the latest evidence of the co-evolutionary relationship between climate and hydrological systems. We invite authors to submit their research articles with topics related to the following key points:

  • Comparison of hydrological processes across different climatic regions;
  • Data-guided investigation of hydrological dynamics in watersheds under climate change;
  • Hydrological models with representations of changing hydrological regimes, considering the impact of climate change.

Dr. Xi Chen
Dr. Rafael J. Bergillos
Dr. Xiaojun Wang
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Water is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • climate change
  • hydrological regimes
  • watershed
  • co-evolution
  • hydrological modeling
  • data-guided
  • Budyko framework

Published Papers (1 paper)

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24 pages, 4340 KiB  
Climate Change over the Mediterranean Region: Local Temperature and Precipitation Variations at Five Pilot Sites
Water 2022, 14(16), 2499; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14162499 - 13 Aug 2022
Cited by 30 | Viewed by 2500
The Mediterranean region is one of the most responsive areas to climate change and was identified as a major “hot-spot” based on global climate change analyses. This study provides insight into local climate changes in the Mediterranean region under the scope of the [...] Read more.
The Mediterranean region is one of the most responsive areas to climate change and was identified as a major “hot-spot” based on global climate change analyses. This study provides insight into local climate changes in the Mediterranean region under the scope of the InTheMED project, which is part of the PRIMA programme. Precipitation and temperature were analyzed in an historical period and until the end of this century for five pilot sites, located between the two shores of the Mediterranean region. We used an ensemble of 17 Regional Climate Models, developed in the framework of the EURO-CORDEX initiative, under two Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP4.5 and RCP8.5). Over the historical period, the temperature presents upward trends, which are statistically significant for some sites, while precipitation does not show significant tendencies. These trends will be maintained in the future as predicted by the climate models projections: all models indicate a progressive and robust warming in all study areas and moderate change in total annual precipitation, but some seasonal variations are identified. Future changes in droughts events over the Mediterranean region were studied considering the maximum duration of the heat waves, their peak temperature, and the number of consecutive dry days. All pilot sites are expected to increase the maximum duration of heat waves and their peak temperature. Furthermore, the maximum number of consecutive dry days is expected to increase for most of the study areas. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Evolution of the Hydrological Regime in Relation to Climate Change)
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