Special Issue "Hydrological Processes behind Wetland Management and Restoration"

A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "Hydrology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (1 March 2022) | Viewed by 1902

Special Issue Editor

Institute of Environmental Engineering, Department of Hydrology, Meteorology and Water Management, Warsaw University of LifeSciences-SGGW, ul. Nowoursynowska 166, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
Interests: hydrology; wetlands; mires; peatlands; rivers; restoration; management; modeling

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Although peatlands, floodplains, estuaries, and other wetlands have gained significant importance in the scientific literature over the past decade, these water-dependent ecosystems still require in-depth research to assure we know their functions and how to wisely manage them. Despite the increasing awareness of the role of wetlands in supplying valuable services to societies and economies, their status is still (if not more than in the past) threatened by agriculture, urban sprawl, tourism, and pollution. In particular, research on hydrological processes such as water supply, water flow, evapotranspiration, and feedbacks on these processes is required for appropriate management and restoration of wetlands.

This issue will focus on the documentation of hydrological processes governing the responses of wetlands to management and restoration. This issue also aims to improve our knowledge of wetlands that persist in a near-natural state and document hydrological processes behind their resilience to climatic and human-induced pressures. We invite papers that deal with the feedback of hydrological processes, biodiversity, and biogeochemistry, which frequently remain drivers for wetland restoration. Contributions about the negative responses of wetlands to management and restoration (including failures in restoration) are also warmly welcome.

Prof. Dr. Mateusz Grygoruk
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

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Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • wetlands
  • peatlands
  • mires
  • hydrology
  • restoration
  • groundwater
  • evapotranspiration
  • flooding
  • inundation

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Assessment of Nutrient Loads into the Ryck River and Options for Their Reduction
Water 2022, 14(13), 2055; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14132055 - 27 Jun 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1317
A massive shift in agricultural practices over the past decades, to support exceptionally high yields and productivities involving intensive agriculture, have led to unsustainable agriculture practices across the globe. Sustenance of such high yields and productivities demand high use of organic and industrial [...] Read more.
A massive shift in agricultural practices over the past decades, to support exceptionally high yields and productivities involving intensive agriculture, have led to unsustainable agriculture practices across the globe. Sustenance of such high yields and productivities demand high use of organic and industrial fertilizers. This acts as a negative pressure on the environment. Excessive use of fertilizers leads to nutrient surplus in the fields, which, as a part of catchment runoff, flows into the water bodies as diffuse pollution. These nutrients through rivers are eventually passed into seas. High nutrients ending up into water bodies cause eutrophication. The situation is worsened when such unsustainable agricultural activities are carried out on drained peatlands. As a result, the nutrients that were not part of the nutrient cycle in the landscape for years begin to leach out due to mineralization of peatlands, thereby putting an additional load of nutrients on the environment, that was already under the negative impact of nutrient surplus. In view of the above, a small lowland catchment of the Ryck river in northeast Germany was assessed for its nitrogen losses from agricultural lands through empirical modelling. Initial empirical modelling resulted in an average annual total nitrogen loss of 14.7 kg ha−1 year−1. After a comparative analysis of these results with procured data, the empirical equation was modified to suit the catchment, yielding more accurate results. The study showed that 75.6% of peatlands in the catchment are under agricultural use. Subsequently, a proposal was made for potential wetland buffer zones in the Ryck catchment. Altogether, 13 peatland sites across 8 sub-catchments were recommended for mitigation of high nutrient runoff. In the end, nutrient efficiency of proposed WBZs in one of the sub-catchments of Ryck has been discussed. The results show that (i) the modified empirical equation can act as a key tool in application-based future strategies for nitrogen reduction in the Ryck catchment, (ii) restoration of peatlands and introduction of WBZs can help in mitigating the nutrient runoff for improved water quality of Ryck, and subsequently (ii) contribute to efficient reduction of riverine loads of nutrients into the Baltic Sea. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydrological Processes behind Wetland Management and Restoration)
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