Mountain Karst Aquifers Characterization

A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "Hydrogeology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 August 2023) | Viewed by 469

Special Issue Editors

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Guest Editor
Centro Nacional Instituto Geológico y Minero de España, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (IGME-CSIC), Zaragoza, Spain
Interests: isotope hydrology; alpine hydrogeology; aquifer recharge; nature-based solutions; climate change
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Co-Guest Editor
Instituto Geológico y Minero de España (IGME), Ríos Rosas 23, 28003 Madrid, Spain
Interests: hydrogeology; groundwater; karst aquifer; caves; speleogenesis; hydrogeochemistry; recharge
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

E-Mail Website
Co-Guest Editor
Instituto Geológico y Minero de España (IGME), CSIC, 18006 Granada, Spain
Interests: high-mountain hydrogeology; groundwater; karst aquifer; slope aquifer; recharge channels; Nature-based solutions
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

E-Mail Website
Co-Guest Editor
Instituto Geológico y Minero de España (IGME), CSIC, 50006 Zaragoza, Spain
Interests: high-mountain hydrogeology; groundwater; karst aquifer; recharge; hydrogeochemistry; wetlands

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue is addressed to mountain karst aquifers. They are strategic freshwater reservoirs for sustaining downstream dependent ecosystems, many of which are found in semi-arid areas. Overall, 70% of all carbonate rock surface exposures occur in hills and mountainous areas, and approximately 25% of the world’s population depends directly or indirectly on water supply from karst aquifers. Given their relevance, it is essential to characterize the hydrological behavior of such mountain karst aquifers, and to protect them to avoid undesirable problems in stored water resources, especially when these karst aquifers are unconfined. This facilitates the rapid and widespread incorporation and transport of pollutants into groundwater through focused recharge flowing through the most conductive karst features. Such a threatening process could even be highlighted by climate change. The warming trends so far and their projected evolution will reduce solid atmospheric precipitation and thus the duration of snow cover in mountainous areas. This will drive the dominant aquifer recharge process to migrate from a spatially diffuse to a focused one, thus modifying the aquifer hydrodynamic response while exposing the aquifer to eventual surface contamination by anthropogenic activities for a longer time.

This Special Issue welcomes new insights, research innovations and review papers on mountain karst aquifers. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to:

  • Numerical simulation of groundwater flow.
  • Geological, hydrological and hydrogeochemical investigations of karst systems.
  • Advances in isotopic investigations of karst systems.
  • Time-series analysis of observed karst hydroclimatic variables.
  • Karst groundwater vulnerability assessment and remediation.
  • Climate change impact assessment in karst aquifers.
  • Management and mitigation of karst groundwater resources.
  • High-mountain karst geomorphology
  • Speleology and high-mountain karst.

Dr. Jorge Jódar Bermúdez
Dr. Juan José Durán
Dr. Sergio Martos Rosillo
Dr. Luis Javier Lambán
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Water is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • karst aquifer
  • recharge
  • hydrogeochemistry
  • modelling
  • transit time
  • environmental tracers
  • cave exploration
  • contamination
  • climate change
  • water resources

Published Papers

There is no accepted submissions to this special issue at this moment.
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