Coastal Hydrodynamics and Morphodynamics toward Climate Change Scenarios

A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "Oceans and Coastal Zones".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 October 2022) | Viewed by 4681

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of Civil, Construction-Architectural and Environmental Engineering Department (DICEAA), Environmental and Maritime Hydraulic Laboratory (LIam), University of L’Aquila, Monteluco di Roio, L’Aquila, Italy
Interests: coastal engineering; ocean engineering; environmental engineering; water waves hydraulics; physical modeling
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Guest Editor
Università della Calabria, Department of Civil Engineering (DINCI), Arcavacata di Rende (CS), Rende, Italy
Interests: coastal engineering; ocean engineering; fluid mechanics; environmental hydraulics; wave–structure interaction
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Many years have come and gone since the first seminal studies on the analysis of climate change scenarios were proposed by the scientific community. Since then, a long series of research studies have been performed in order to assess and analyze the effects of climate change scenarios, aiming to identify the best adaptation measures. Coastal hydrodynamics and morphodynamics have been identified to be sensitive to situations such as increases in storm clustering, storm surges, wave energy variability. The aim of this Special Issue is to collect novel research works and field experience in this field.  Indeed, although great efforts in different research areas have been made, a huge amount of work must be done in order to answer the theoretical and practical questions that remain.

Potential authors are invited to submit papers dealing with topics including, but not limited to, the following:

  • wave–structure interaction towards climate change scenarios
  • beach morphodynamics within the frame of climate change scenarios
  • coastal management
  • coastal adaptation measures to climate change
  • coastal risk assessment related to climate change scenarios
  • natural disasters and climate change scenarios
  • field experiences toward adaption to climate change
  • data analysis

We look forward to receiving your valuable works.

Prof. Dr. Marcello Di Risio
Prof. Dr. Francesco Aristodemo
Guest Editors

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Keywords

  • adaptation measures
  • climate change
  • coastal hydrodynamics
  • coastal management
  • coastal morphodynamics
  • wave–structure interaction

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

18 pages, 8199 KiB  
Article
Representative and Morphological Waves along the Adriatic Italian Coast in a Changing Climate
by Piero Ruol, Luca Martinelli, Chiara Favaretto, Francesco Barbariol and Alvise Benetazzo
Water 2022, 14(17), 2678; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14172678 - 29 Aug 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1814
Abstract
This paper investigates the impact of climate change on coastal dynamics along the Adriatic Italian coast, with reference to the period 2021–2050 considering the IPCC RCP 4.5 and 8.5 scenarios. The wave datasets are obtained by forcing a spectral wave model with ERA5 [...] Read more.
This paper investigates the impact of climate change on coastal dynamics along the Adriatic Italian coast, with reference to the period 2021–2050 considering the IPCC RCP 4.5 and 8.5 scenarios. The wave datasets are obtained by forcing a spectral wave model with ERA5 wind fields corrected with a procedure that makes them suitable for the investigated semi-enclosed basin where local meteorological events occur at scales of a few kilometers. The wave climate changes between the historic run (1981–2010) and the future scenarios are studied in terms of mean values, percentile and extreme waves in 120 virtual buoys along the coasts. Moreover, a morphological equivalent wave is computed for all the datasets to highlight the consequences of climate change on coastal sediment transport. Along the Adriatic Italian coast, a small decrease in the significant wave heights is found, both for mean and extreme values, and the sediment transport is reduced. However, significant deviations along the coast are highlighted and the longshore sediment transport even reverses its direction in some locations for the future scenarios. Full article
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13 pages, 7020 KiB  
Article
Trend Detection of Wave Parameters along the Italian Seas
by Tommaso Caloiero and Francesco Aristodemo
Water 2021, 13(12), 1634; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13121634 - 10 Jun 2021
Cited by 9 | Viewed by 2232
Abstract
In this paper, trend detection of wave parameters such as significant wave height, energy period, and wave power along the Italian seas was carried out. To this purpose, wave time series in the period 1979–2018 taken from the global atmospheric reanalysis ERA-Interim by [...] Read more.
In this paper, trend detection of wave parameters such as significant wave height, energy period, and wave power along the Italian seas was carried out. To this purpose, wave time series in the period 1979–2018 taken from the global atmospheric reanalysis ERA-Interim by European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) were considered. Choosing a significance level equal to 90%, the use of the Mann–Kendall test allowed estimating ongoing trends on the mean values evaluated at yearly and seasonal scale. Furthermore, the assessment of the magnitude of the increase/decrease of the wave parameters was performed through the Theil–Sen estimator. The obtained results underlined that the mean values of the considered wave parameters were characterized by a high occurrence of positive trends in the different Italian seas. The findings of this study could have implications for studies of coastal flooding, shoreline variations, and port operations, and for the assessment of the performances of Wave Energy Converters. Full article
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