Special Issue "Vaccines Hesitancy and Public Health"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2023 | Viewed by 18153
Interests: public health; community health care; primary health care; lifestyle; nursing care; vaccines; nursing process; nursing education research
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Interests: public health; community health care; vaccines; epidemiology; biostatistics; nursing
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Vaccines are the most effective example of primary prevention for the control of communicable diseases. Despite this, the World Health Organization in 2019, in light of global measles outbreaks and preceding, considered vaccine reluctance as one of the ten threats to global health. Today, in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, vaccination programs are suffering significant drops and delays. Hence the importance of maintaining high vaccination coverage to avoid the emergence and re-emergence of these diseases, some of which are potentially serious or fatal.
In recent years, the presence of anti-vaccine groups in the world has increased alarmingly and they constitute a growing threat to vaccination programs. Although relatively small, the anti-vaccine movement actively uses social media to amplify its messages by targeting people who are insecure about vaccines, particularly parents' groups.
Due to the development of information and communication technologies, the messages of these groups are more widely disseminated. The decision not to vaccinate not only entails risks at the individual level, but also at the collective level, which has been corroborated by the drop in vaccination coverage, with the consequent appearance of cases and outbreaks of diseases that have even led to deaths. To maintain the achievements of vaccination, it is also necessary to "immunize".
This Special Issue aims to maintain the achievements of vaccination, it is also necessary to "immunize" against everything that opposes it. In this new era of information and communications, all social actors involved must be able to work to maintain this great health achievement. The main objective of this special issue is to show to what extent vaccination causes doubts among health professionals and the rest of the population, whether after the pandemic, the rise of anti-vaccine groups has diminished and if the attitude towards vaccination has changed positively, increasing vaccination coverage. Original articles and systematic reviews dealing with the objective of this special issue are welcome.
We look forward to receiving your contributions.
Prof. Dr. Francisco Javier Pérez-Rivas
Prof. Dr. María Julia Ajejas Bazán
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Vaccines is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2700 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Title: Vaccine hesitancy and Meningitis vaccines in school-age children: a cross sectional study from Northern Italy
Authors: Matteo Riccò
Affiliation: Servizio di Prevenzione e Sicurezza Negli Ambienti di Lavoro (SPSAL), AUSL-IRCCS di Reggio Emilia, Via Amendola n.2, I-42122 Reggio Emilia, Italy
Abstract: Introduction: Despite its effectiveness in preventing invasive meningococcal disease (IMD), paediatric uptake of recombinant meningococcal vaccination for MenB and/or MenC is low in Italy. Purpose: This study aimed to investigate knowledge, attitudes and practice (KAP) about IMD and the relative vaccines in a sample of Italian parents. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from June to July 2017 among a sample of 607 subjects participating to a Facebook discussion group on paediatric vaccinations. A self administered anonymous web-based questionnaire was used to collect demographics, KAP and preventive measures, perceived risk for contracting meningitis, attitude towards the utility of meningococcal vaccine, and willingness to receive/perform a meningococcal vaccine. Questionnaire included a specifically designed knowledge test (18 items) on IMD and vaccine-related issues. Factors associated with meningococcal vaccination in the offspring were included in a regression analysis model in order to calculate Odds Ratios (OR) with their respective 95% Confidence Intervals (95% CI). Results: In total, 307 of 607 parents returned a completed questionnaire for a response rate of 60.6% (mean age 37.8 ± 10.2 years, 72.8% females). Meningococcal infection was identified as a severe or highly severe one by most of participants (92.3%), while it was recognised as frequent/highly frequent in the general population by 20.0% of respondents. Overall, 69.8% of participants reported 60% correct answers or more at knowledge test (median 13/18, actual range 0/18–18/18). More specifically, the majority of participants (75.7%) knew that vaccination reduces spread of bacterium, that early symptoms of IMC are not specific (63.0%) and that mortality of meningococcal meningitis is around 30%, irrespective of therapy (58.0%). Even though 77.7% of participants were somewhat favourable to MenB/MenC vaccines, offspring’s vaccination towards MenB and MenC was reported by only 22.6% and 31.5% of participants, respectively. Positive parental attitude, their previous vaccination, as well as perceived severity and frequency of IMD, better knowledge of IMC issue were significantly associated with offspring vaccination, while only knowledge status was a significant predictor at multivariate analysis (OR 1.755, 95% CI 1.005–3.066). Conclusions: Vaccination rates for MenB/MenC in participants’ offspring were unsatisfying. Even though IMD was diffusely perceived as a severe disease, risk perception was eventually unrelated with parents’ vaccine propensity. Our results suggest that interventions aimed to improve vaccine literacy as well as official vaccine recommendations may eventually improve immunisation rates for MenB/MenC in their offspring.
Title: Seasonal influenza vaccine intention among nurses who have been fully vaccinated against COVID-19: Evidence from Greece
Authors: Petros Galanis; Aglaia Katsiroumpa; Irene Vraka; Olga Siskou; Olympia Konstantakopoulou; Theodoros Katsoulas; Daphne Kaitelidou
Affiliation: 1. Clinical Epidemiology Laboratory, Faculty of Nursing, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece 2. Department of Radiology, P. & A. Kyriakou Children’s Hospital, Athens, Greece 3. Department of Tourism Studies, University of Piraeus, Piraeus, Greece 4. Center for Health Services Management and Evaluation, Faculty of Nursing, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece 5. Faculty of Nursing, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece
Abstract: COVID-19 pandemic continues to threat individuals’ health. Situation could be even worse in the next winter since influenza is still here as a viral respiratory illness that could lead to seasonal outbreaks. Thus, a high seasonal influenza vaccine uptake among healthcare workers is crucial especially after the damage caused by the pandemic to health systems worldwide. Healthcare workers have experienced high levels of morbidity, mortality and mental health issues during the pandemic and flu outbreaks in the next winter could put another nail in the coffin of healthcare services. Therefore, we will investigate the intention of nurses to uptake seasonal influenza vaccine and predictive factors of this intention.
Title: Vaccination in Romania: An attitudinal study of before and during the COVID-19 pandemic
Authors: Darie Cristea; Dragoș-Georgian Ilie
Affiliation: Faculty of Sociology and Social Work, University of Bucharest, 010181 Bucharest, Romania
Abstract: The article compares the attitude of the Romanian public towards vaccination before and after the appearance of SARS Cov 2. The analysis is carried out on opinion polls data, representative at national level for Romania. Two surveys were considered, one from February 2019 (conducted a year before the pandemic), another one from 2021 (conducted during the pandemic). The question we aim to answer is how the COVID 19 crisis has changed the public's attitudes regarding vaccination, and whether the entire pandemic context has influenced the public's motivations for vaccine hesitation/ refusal.