Environmental Stress on the Production of Mycotoxins
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 January 2022) | Viewed by 23270
Interests: microbiology and immunology; mycotoxins; lc-ms/ms; antifungal testing
Interests: fungi; mycotoxins; nanoparticles; food safety
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
The mycotoxin produced by the secondary metabolism of agricultural and foodborne important fungi is a low molecular weight but highly toxic compound and a significant hazard for human and animal health. These compounds occur naturally in the environment, but their production is increased due to various natural and synthetic environmental stressors that can modulate the oxidative status of the fungal cell. Oxidative stress is one of the main factors that triggers mycotoxin biosynthesis in fungal cells. Furthermore, climate change is also important in those metabolic pathways since it strongly negatively regulates environmental factors such as temperature, rainfall level, and CO2 concentration and thus shapes the fungal community in the environment and mycotoxin production. A constant evaluation of mycotoxin risk is needed as insurance for a minimization of the adverse effects caused by environmental stress factors of any kind. Such processes can be evaluated on a molecular and genetic level, but with the same aim of establishing mechanisms that are able to control and reduce contamination of the environment with mycotoxins. This will not only protect human and animal health but also decrease economic losses and increase food availability, especially in developing countries.
For these reasons, this Special Issue on “Environmental Stress on the Production of Mycotoxins” shall cover all the important topics related to mycotoxin production influenced by stressors from the environment that occur naturally, are applied on purpose, are a consequence of environmental pollution and climate change and are thus becoming important stress factors that modulate fungal cell oxidative status and mycotoxin production.
Dr. Bojan Šarkanj
Dr. Tihomir Kovač
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- oxidative stress
- climate change
- plant resistance
- weather conditions