Special Issue "Symmetry in Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion—Dedicated to 100th Anniversary of Birth of N. G. Basov"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2023 | Viewed by 1684
2022 marks the 100th anniversary of the birth of Academician Nikolai G. Basov, the Nobel Prize winner for the development of fundamental principles of masers and lasers. He was also the ideologue and inspirer of Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF), based on a thermonuclear (TN) reaction in a mixture of deuterium and tritium (DT) in a spherical target irradiated by a high-power laser. He initiated ICF research in the Division of Quantum Radiophysics headed by him at the P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute and published pioneer results in this field 50 years ago.
The past year has been marked by an outstanding achievement: The NIF installation at the LLNL (USA) demonstrated thermonuclear burning and near breakeven microexplosion energy very close to the expended laser energy. The symmetry of a TN target itself, irradiation symmetry and a symmetric implosion with minimal hydrodynamic instabilities were the key topics of this success. In the next step, the most energetically efficient ICF layouts should be discovered, efficient and reliable rep-rate laser drivers operating at 5-10 Hz should be developed, smooth cryogenic DT targets should be mass produced, and material studies should be carried out for laser optics and TN reactor walls with high resistance to ionizing radiation, etc., to verify the Inertial Fusion Energy (IFE) power plant for electricity production with an economically attractive cost. At present, a huge amount of scientific and technical resources of many countries are being collated to achieve this ambitious goal.
We are soliciting contributions in the form of research and review articles covering a broad range of topics on ICF (IFE) physics and technology, including (but not limited to) the following:
- Advanced ICF concepts and architecture;
- Short wavelength, efficient and rep-rate laser drivers, i.e., diode-pumped solid-state, KrF (ArF), etc.;
- ICF target design and development;
- The mass production of cryogenic ICF targets;
- Diagnostic tools for laser–target interaction studies;
- Laser–plasma interaction, plasma instabilities, and extra-thermal electron generation;
- ICF target implosion hydrodynamics and turbulent mixing;
- Numerical modeling of the ICF laser–target interaction and related plasma phenomena;
- Material studies for ICF drivers and TN reactor chamber.
Dr. Vladimir D. Zvorykin
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Symmetry is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- inertial confinement fusion
- laser drivers
- targets design and mass production
- laser–target diagnostics, experiments and numerical modeling
- materials for drivers and reactor chamber
The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Title: Hydrodynamics of low-density structured polymeric targets irradiated by a long-pulse KrF laser
Authors： Vladimir D. Zvorykin, Natalia G. Borisenko, Kirill S. Pervakov, Alexey V. Shutov, Nikolay N. Ustinovskii, Polad V. Veliev.
Affiliation: P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute.
Abstract: The hydrodynamics of a plasma formed by the interaction of 100-ns UV KrF laser pulses with foam targets with volume densities from 5 to 500 mg/cm3 was studied. At intensities about 1012 W/cm2, the penetration rates of radiation through the foam targets reached 80 km/s, while plasma stream velocities from both a front and rear sides of targets were approximately the same ~ 100 km/s, which confirms a volumetric absorption of radiation in a target thickness and the explosive nature of plasma formation and expansion.