Special Issue "Advances in Supermassive Black Holes"

A special issue of Symmetry (ISSN 2073-8994). This special issue belongs to the section "Physics".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2023 | Viewed by 135

Special Issue Editor

Department of Physics, Ochanomizu University, Otsuka 2-1-1, Bunkyo, Tokyo 112-8610, Japan
Interests: cosmology; early universe; non-equilibrium quantum field theory; fundamentals of quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics; galaxies and black holes; planet formation theory; long-time behavior of variables and sun; earthquakes and solar flares; self-gravitating systems

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Supermassive black holes are key elements in resolving the structure formation and evolution of the Universe. They are ubiquitous from the early Universe, actively forming relativistic jets and deeply related surroundings. There are many unsolved problems for supermassive black holes, such as their extremely early formation, accretion, coevolution, relation to dark matter and cold flows, relation to the first stars, etc.

Despite 50 years of research on supermassive black holes, we still do not have a clear answer. There may be important factors that are not yet recognized among researchers. A variety of research from many aspects may bring us a hint for a new direction. This Special Issue is the place to collect such diversified research from observation and theories.

The problem may be solved by the synthesis of a variety of research: a bold hypothesis and solid deduction, precise observations and novel interpretation, any critical review, analysis from unusual perspectives, the hierarchy of black holes from stellar size to bigger, a mathematical approach, possible quantum aspect, BEC and SSB, symmetry aspects, etc.

Readers of this Special Issue may be the first to find a big solution.

Prof. Dr. Masahiro Morikawa
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Symmetry is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • black holes
  • supermassive black holes
  • formation and evolution of BH
  • BH observations
  • coevolution and correlations
  • singularity of spacetime
  • BH-like objects
  • collapse and accretion

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission.
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