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Environmental Impact Assessment and Renewable Energy Technologies

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Environmental Sustainability and Applications".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 August 2023) | Viewed by 11298

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
School of Economics and Management, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221008, China
Interests: renewable energy policy; energy and environmental engineering; energy big data management and application; strategy of sustainable development
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Guest Editor
School of Economics and Management, Xidian University, Xi’an 710126, China
Interests: energy and environmental engineering; renewable energy policy; environmental management and economic policy
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Guest Editor
Key Laboratory of Ocean Energy Utilization and Energy Conservation of Ministry of Education, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China
Interests: distributed energy system; energy model; smart grid; renewable energy development strategy
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The Guest Editors are inviting submissions to a Special Issue of Sustainability on the subject area of “Environmental Impact Assessment and Renewable Energy Technologies”. With the rapid economic development and the gradual improvement of the level of industrialization and urbanization, the problem of environmental pollution is being paid more and more attention. In addition, the global climate has deteriorated dramatically. The international consensus on carbon neutrality has accelerated the shift of global energy from resource dependence to technology dependence. To effectively solve ecological and environmental problems, reduce carbon dioxide emissions and gradually replace coal and other fossil resources, the development of renewable energy is the fundamental way and the only choice. The scale of development and utilization of renewable energy has expanded rapidly, especially wind power and photovoltaic. Green energy development plays an important role in reducing carbon emission intensity. The development and utilization of non-fossil energy is the main way to promote green and low-carbon energy transition. Countries are giving priority to non-fossil energy in energy development, and are vigorously promoting low-carbon energy to replace high-carbon energy and renewable energy to replace fossil energy. The purpose of this Special Issue is to provide a platform for the exchange and publication of research related to renewable energy and environmental impact assessment to help realize the sustainable development of human society and economy.

Prof. Dr. Ming Zhang
Prof. Dr. Yan Song
Prof. Dr. Hailin Mu
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • development of environmental impact assessment theory and concepts
  • environmental regulation
  • life cycle assessment
  • carbon footprinting
  • energy analysis
  • renewable energy systems
  • distributed energy resource
  • renewable energy policy
  • strategy of sustainable development
  • big data on energy
  • smart grid
  • waste battery recycling
  • recycling of renewable energy power generation equipment
  • development trend of new energy industry
  • environmental policy evaluation
  • carbon neutrality
  • energy system resilience

Published Papers (7 papers)

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Research

19 pages, 1939 KiB  
Article
Carbon Neutrality in Municipalities: Balancing Individual and District Heating Renewable Energy Solutions
by Lauma Balode, Beate Zlaugotne, Armands Gravelsins, Oskars Svedovs, Ieva Pakere, Vladimirs Kirsanovs and Dagnija Blumberga
Sustainability 2023, 15(10), 8415; https://doi.org/10.3390/su15108415 - 22 May 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1171
Abstract
Carbon neutrality in municipalities can be achieved by combining individual heating and district heating solutions involving the use of renewable energy sources. Each approach has advantages and disadvantages, but the best solution depends on the specific circumstances of each municipality. As an environmentally [...] Read more.
Carbon neutrality in municipalities can be achieved by combining individual heating and district heating solutions involving the use of renewable energy sources. Each approach has advantages and disadvantages, but the best solution depends on the specific circumstances of each municipality. As an environmentally friendly and efficient energy use, a decentralised heat supply contributes to achieving energy conservation and emissions reduction goals. Decentralised energy use, such as solar collectors with thermal energy storage or biomass as a resource, reduces dependence on centralised heat generation and transmission. The appropriate infrastructure for connection to district heating networks has not yet been built. On the other hand, it is easier to make investments to construct proper infrastructure in the case of large-scale centralised heat supplies. Moreover, a centralised heat supply with renewable energy sources can provide more inhabitants with renewable heat energy. Within the framework of the study, the possibilities of using renewable energy sources in one of the municipalities of Latvia—the Carnikava parish of Ādaži Municipality—are analysed. The study examines two scenario complexes including individual heating solutions in buildings or district heating solutions with a centralised approach. The study evaluates several alternatives to increase the share of RES (solar collectors, biomass, heat pumps, etc.) in the centralised heat supply. To evaluate individual RES solutions in various municipal buildings, this study evaluates alternatives with different technical solutions that increase the use of RES in heat supply. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Impact Assessment and Renewable Energy Technologies)
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23 pages, 2557 KiB  
Article
Environmental Regulation, Environmental Knowledge Spillover, and Regional Economic Growth in China: An Empirical Test Based on the Spatial Durbin Model
by Xiaoli Shi, Ying Chen and Qianju Cheng
Sustainability 2022, 14(21), 14260; https://doi.org/10.3390/su142114260 - 01 Nov 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1425
Abstract
Considering the evolution of the spatial pattern of regional economic growth in China, this paper analyzes whether environmental regulation (ER) and environmental knowledge spillover (EKS) contribute to regional economic growth using panel data and the spatial Durbin model of China’s 31 provinces and [...] Read more.
Considering the evolution of the spatial pattern of regional economic growth in China, this paper analyzes whether environmental regulation (ER) and environmental knowledge spillover (EKS) contribute to regional economic growth using panel data and the spatial Durbin model of China’s 31 provinces and cities from 2005 to 2020. The findings indicate that (1) there are significant characteristics of economic agglomeration in the spatial distribution of economic growth in China’s different provinces and cities according to the Moran’s index; (2) the environmental regulation has a nonlinear “U”-shaped effect on the regional economic growth, which is first suppressed and then promoted, and the spatial effect presents the same “U” shape as that of the local effect; (3) the environmental knowledge spillover, as measured by the number of green patents, shows a positive contribution on the economic growth and is significantly active in terms of both the local spillover and inter-regional spillover; (4) Eastern China enjoys a larger ER dividend than the central and western regions, and EKS shows a significant positive contribution to economic growth in the eastern, central, and western regions; (5) other factors also influence the regional economic growth besides the core explanatory variables, including the research and development expenditure (RD), human capital (Edu), urbanization level (Urb), government intervention (Gov), and opening-up level (Open), all of which show a positive effect on the economic growth, whereas the science and technology expenditure (Ti) has not played a positive role in promoting economic growth. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Impact Assessment and Renewable Energy Technologies)
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14 pages, 4839 KiB  
Article
Evaluation of Emergency Response Measures for the LOCA of A Marine Reactor
by Yang Zou, Fang Zhao, Shoulong Xu and Shuliang Zou
Sustainability 2022, 14(21), 13873; https://doi.org/10.3390/su142113873 - 25 Oct 2022
Viewed by 802
Abstract
In this study, a technical index system for nuclear accident emergency response measures was established and comprehensively evaluated by studying the impact of time, ventilation speed, and leakage speed on the radiation consequences after a loss of coolant accident (LOCA) in a marine [...] Read more.
In this study, a technical index system for nuclear accident emergency response measures was established and comprehensively evaluated by studying the impact of time, ventilation speed, and leakage speed on the radiation consequences after a loss of coolant accident (LOCA) in a marine reactor. The weight of each index was calculated by the analytic hierarchy process (AHP), and the weight of the radiation protection measure in the second-level index emergency measure was 0.625, accounting for the maximum proportion. The weights of improving radionuclide detection technology in chambers, improving detection capability, and improving the diagnosis efficiency of radiation damage in the three-level indicator emergency measures were 0.4442, 0.4384, and 0.4521, respectively, accounting for the maximum proportions. The fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method was used to quantify and comprehensively evaluate the index system of emergency measures. The quantitative evaluation result was 82.8 points, indicating that the evaluation result was adequate. Therefore, the nuclear emergency response measure based on the radiation consequences of a marine reactor LOCA is reasonable and feasible. It provides valuable measures and practical guidance for the emergency response of a marine reactor LOCA, and dramatically reduces the harm of radiation to staff and the environment. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Impact Assessment and Renewable Energy Technologies)
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40 pages, 14379 KiB  
Article
Research on the Impact of Output Adjustment Strategy and Carbon Trading Policy on the Response, Stability and Complexity of Steel Market under the Dynamic Game
by Di Li, Qianbin Di, Hailin Mu, Zenglin Han, Hongye Wang and Ye Duan
Sustainability 2022, 14(19), 12205; https://doi.org/10.3390/su141912205 - 26 Sep 2022
Viewed by 1063
Abstract
With the increasingly competitive environment in the steel market and the proposed dual carbon goals, the government will need to consider many factors, such as the realization of energy conservation and emission reduction targets, the production game between enterprises, and the adjustment of [...] Read more.
With the increasingly competitive environment in the steel market and the proposed dual carbon goals, the government will need to consider many factors, such as the realization of energy conservation and emission reduction targets, the production game between enterprises, and the adjustment of production strategies of enterprises. Therefore, this research constructs a repeated dynamic game model including carbon trading policy and other mixed reduction policies, introduces a bounded rationality output adjustment strategy, and studies the response, stability, and complexity of different scenarios in the steel industry. The results are as follows: (1) With the gradual increase in emission reduction targets, the output adjustment policies that enterprises can implement will show an increasing trend under the single carbon trading policy. (2) Under the mixed emission reduction policy, the output adjustment policies that affect enterprises with larger outputs will show an increasing trend when targets continue to increase. (3) Smaller-output enterprises will be restricted and affected by more factors, such as emission reduction targets and larger output enterprises. (4) The influence of carbon trading benchmarks on market stability region is not obvious. In summary, enterprises should comprehensively consider emission reduction policies, output adjustment policies, carbon trading benchmarks, and other factors to ensure that the enterprises and the entire market will not fall into an imbalanced state. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Impact Assessment and Renewable Energy Technologies)
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14 pages, 788 KiB  
Article
The Application of Statistical Methods in the Construction of a Model for Identifying the Combustion of Waste in Heating Boilers Based on the Elemental Composition of Ashes
by Katarzyna Widera, Jacek Grabowski and Adam Smoliński
Sustainability 2022, 14(18), 11178; https://doi.org/10.3390/su141811178 - 07 Sep 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1087
Abstract
Emission of air pollutants constitutes one of the major hazards to human health and life. Particulate matter and harmful gases emitted by residential heating, especially, occupy a significant position among the sources of air pollution. This paper presents the research results concerning the [...] Read more.
Emission of air pollutants constitutes one of the major hazards to human health and life. Particulate matter and harmful gases emitted by residential heating, especially, occupy a significant position among the sources of air pollution. This paper presents the research results concerning the composition of ashes obtained from the combustion of fuel samples composed of wood pellets, eco-pea coal, and coal pellets (trade name—VARMO) with various admixtures of waste materials. The study stand was equipped with a boiler having a nominal power of 18 kW. Several of the most characteristic chemical elements identified in the ash were used as the basis to classify the combustion of waste. A model based on a statistical method was designed. Within the framework of the research, a statistical multivariate technique, discriminant analysis, was applied. The statistical model was constructed for two groups of ash samples and 19 chemical elements indicating their contamination. The high prediction power of the model and the validation (fitting was 90.00% and 85.19%, respectively) confirmed the possibility of the practical application of this proprietary method. It permitted identification of the markers (chemical elements) in the ash. It confirms that the fuel is combusted with the admixture of waste materials in a given boiler. Based on the analyses performed, it was found that from among the 19 elements, five, namely K, Ti, Zn, Ca, and Rb, were selected as the markers because they are characterised by the highest discrimination ability. In addition, they are the best indicators of the contamination level of the ash samples that were examined. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Impact Assessment and Renewable Energy Technologies)
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16 pages, 1011 KiB  
Article
Measuring the Policy Effectiveness of China’s New-Energy Vehicle Industry and Its Differential Impact on Supply and Demand Markets
by Di Wang and Yuman Li
Sustainability 2022, 14(13), 8215; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14138215 - 05 Jul 2022
Cited by 10 | Viewed by 2913
Abstract
To promote the precise governance of China’s new-energy vehicle (NEV) industry, this paper quantitatively analyzes 204 policy texts on the NEV industry in China since 2007 and constructs an evaluation system of policy effectiveness from three dimensions of policy attributes, policy objectives, and [...] Read more.
To promote the precise governance of China’s new-energy vehicle (NEV) industry, this paper quantitatively analyzes 204 policy texts on the NEV industry in China since 2007 and constructs an evaluation system of policy effectiveness from three dimensions of policy attributes, policy objectives, and policy measures to reveal the effectiveness and evolutionary trends of China’s NEV industry policies. In addition, this paper explores the two-way effects of different types of policy measures on the NEV supply and demand markets through an econometric model to reveal the differential impact effectiveness of various policy instruments in China’s NEV industry. The results indicate that China’s NEV industry has changed from “government-driven” to “government-driven + market-driven”, and the multi-sectoral policy coordination needs to be further improved; the dynamic evolution over the years reveals a similar pattern of change in the total effectiveness of policy issuance as influenced by the number of policies; the quantity of patents in China is large but the quality of patents is insufficient, and an overall problem of low level of core technology is being faced; taxation and subsidy measure, technical innovation measures, social guidance measures, and environmental support measures all effectively promote the development of the supply-side market, while taxation and subsidy measures, social guidance measures and legal regulation measures can better promote the development of the demand-side market; the impact of financial support measures on both supply and demand-side markets is not significant. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Impact Assessment and Renewable Energy Technologies)
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19 pages, 737 KiB  
Article
Heterogeneous Environmental Regulation, Foreign Direct Investment, and Regional Carbon Dioxide Emissions: Evidence from China
by Xiaodi Yang and Di Wang
Sustainability 2022, 14(11), 6386; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14116386 - 24 May 2022
Cited by 8 | Viewed by 1539
Abstract
As an important means to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, environmental regulation (ER) and foreign direct investment (FDI) have become popular research topics in recent years. Most studies have examined the single impact of ER or FDI on CO2 emissions, [...] Read more.
As an important means to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, environmental regulation (ER) and foreign direct investment (FDI) have become popular research topics in recent years. Most studies have examined the single impact of ER or FDI on CO2 emissions, while few investigated the regional heterogeneity and the spillover effect of different environmental regulations (ERs) on CO2 emissions and neglected the impact of the interaction mechanism between ER and FDI on CO2 emissions. This paper applies the spatial Durbin model (SDM) to explore the impact of different ERs and FDIs on regional CO2 emissions in China’s 30 provinces from 2003 to 2019. The results indicate that there are significant differences and regional heterogeneity in the effects of different environmental regulations on CO2 emissions at the national level. FDI has a significant promoting effect on CO2 emissions in the early years (2003–2009), especially in the eastern and western regions, but its effect is not significant in the late period (2010–2019). At the regional level, the abatement effects of the interaction term between FDIs and ERs are generally significant, indicating that ERs can influence the reduction effect of FDIs. Regulatory environmental regulation (RER) in the eastern region, command environmental regulation (CER), and economic environmental regulation (EER) in the central region can significantly affect the emission reduction effect of local FDI. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Impact Assessment and Renewable Energy Technologies)
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