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Modeling and Utilization of Solar Energy and Biomass for Sustainable Development

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Energy Sustainability".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 September 2024 | Viewed by 773

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Renewable Energy Center, Nuclear Energy Department, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife 50740-550, PE, Brazil
Interests: solar radiation resource (measurement; mapping; and modeling); photovoltaic and thermal solar electricity generation; solar concentration; PV grid integration; location studies of thermal and PV plants using GIS and AHP; industrial heat process generation with solar energy; integration of renewable energies in distribution and transmission grid

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Renewable Energy Center, Nuclear Energy Department, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife 50740-550, PE, Brazil
Interests: solar radiation resource (site-adaptation) and forecasting (time series and satellite images); reverse-osmosis water desalination; photovoltaic and thermal solar electricity generation
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

It is our pleasure to announce a new Special Issue on “Modeling and Utilization of Solar Energy and Biomass for Sustainable Development”.

The reality of extreme events clearly demonstrates the need for a reduction in the emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs). These emissions derive mainly from the use of fossil fuels for transportation, use in industrial heat processes, and electricity production. Renewable energies can and already contribute decisively to the reduction in the use of fossil fuels in these three processes. Regarding the generation of PV electricity, it has been estimated that in 2050, 100% or a very high fraction of electricity production will become carbon-free. Regarding transportation and industry sectors, there are still many scientific, technical, and economic challenges to overcome so that renewable energies can contribute significantly to the decarbonization process. A possible roadmap for the decarbonization of these sectors consists of the implementation of electric efficiency, industrial electrification (change in the production process of thermal energy use for electricity), use of low-carbon fuels (biofuel or H2 combustion), and CO2 sequestration. All these actions still demand intensive scientific and technological research, and even in the case of PV generation, we can only ensure its significant and effective contribution if research in some specific areas, such as storage, integration, and polygeneration at the solar cell level with the increase in lifespan or some disruptive technological innovations, takes place.

Within this context, we invite the submission of high-quality and innovative articles, focusing on the topics above, or related to similar topics. Experimental studies, modeling, or extensive reviews (state of the art) of a theme and regional or global case studies will be accepted, and may cover the following topics:

  • Renewable energy complementarity;
  • Biofuel;
  • Agro voltaic;
  • Thermal solar system;
  • Photovoltaic and thermal solar desalination;
  • Solar concentration;
  • Combined use of heat pump and PV generation;
  • Floating PV;
  • Industrial heat process generation with solar energy;
  • H2 generation with PV solar energy;
  • Electrification with renewable energies;
  • Decarbonization of land, air, and sea transport;
  • Integration of renewable energies in distribution and transmission grid;
  • Integration of solar energy (thermal and electric) and biomass in industrial processes;
  • Modeling of solar and wind resources;
  • Location studies of thermal and PV plants using GIS and AHP;
  • Modeling of separation and transposition of solar global irradiation;
  • Bifacial PV system;
  • Electrification of the industrial sector with PV generation.

Prof. Dr. Chigueru Tíba
Dr. Olga De Castro Vilela
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • solar thermal energy
  • solar photovoltaic energy, biomass
  • modeling and utilization of solar energy and biomass
  • sustainable development goals (SDGs)

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

14 pages, 11129 KiB  
Article
The Catalytic Effect of Pt on Lignin Pyrolysis: A Reactive Molecular Dynamics Study
by Weiming Zhan, Kejiang Li, Rita Khanna, Yuri Konyukhov, Zeng Liang, Yushan Bu, Zhen Sun, Chunhe Jiang and Jianliang Zhang
Sustainability 2024, 16(8), 3419; https://doi.org/10.3390/su16083419 - 19 Apr 2024
Viewed by 541
Abstract
Lignin is the second-largest renewable resource in nature, second only to cellulose. Lignin is one of the most significant components of biomass, and it determines the behaviour of biomass in many thermochemical processes. However, limited studies have focused on the influence of metal [...] Read more.
Lignin is the second-largest renewable resource in nature, second only to cellulose. Lignin is one of the most significant components of biomass, and it determines the behaviour of biomass in many thermochemical processes. However, limited studies have focused on the influence of metal catalysts on lignin pyrolysis. This study aims to develop a sustainable lignin catalytic pyrolysis technology to improve biomass energy-conversion efficiency, reduce dependence on fossil fuels, and promote the development of clean energy. In this study, the impact of Pt catalyst on the pyrolysis process of hardwood lignin was simulated by using reactive force field (ReaxFF) molecular dynamics. Through the comparison of the system without catalysts, the catalyst exhibited evident attraction to lignin macromolecules, prompting their decomposition at lower temperatures. Additionally, the catalyst has the strongest adsorption capacity for H radical. The activation energy of the reaction was calculated by kinetic analysis. It was found that the addition of catalysts significantly reduced the activation energy of the reaction. By revealing the effect of Pt catalyst on the lignin pyrolysis process, it provides a theoretical basis for biomass pyrolysis and the utilization of metal catalysts in industry. Full article
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