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Smart Microgrid and Sustainable Management in Virtual Power Plant (VPPs)

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Energy Sustainability".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (26 March 2023) | Viewed by 8755

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
1. LS2N UMR CNRS 6004, Ecole Centrale de Nantes, 44300 Nantes, France
2. Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Department of Automation, Université des Sciences et de la Technologie d'Oran, Bir El Djir 31000, Algeria
Interests: micro and intelligent grid networks; grid stability and power quality; power quality and distributed generation systems integration; energy conversion; microgrids; VPP solutions for smart energy communities; distributed control; robust control design
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Guest Editor
Institut de Recherche Dupuy de Lôme (UMR CNRS 6027 IRDL), University of Brest, 29238 Brest, France
Interests: fault detection and diagnosis; failure prognosis; cyberattack detection; fault-resilient control; machine learning
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Guest Editor
Laboratory of Information and Systems (LIS-UMR CNRS 7020), Aix-Marseille University, 13007 Marseille, France
Interests: smart grids; virtual power plant; demand response; machine learning; renewable energy integration; energy management systems; electric machines and drives; electric vehicles

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Guest Editor
Laboratory of Information and Systems (LIS-UMR CNRS 7020), Aix-Marseille University, 13007 Marseille, France
Interests: nonlinear systems estimation; control and robustness; fault detection; distributed control; interconnected systems; renewable energy integration

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Managing the shift towards a more distributed energy system based on renewables is an enormous challenge for the energy sector. Numerous distributed energy resources (DERs) need to be perfectly coordinated to provide a reliable supply of energy.  Consumption processes should also be intelligently scheduled to ensure that energy supply at any moment meets the energy demand. The Virtual Power Plant (VPP) is a key technology for solving the tasks of this distributed energy world. The VPP not only allows the aggregatation of thousands of electricity producers, consumers, and storage units, it also allows them to implement their power and flexibility into different markets by intelligently controlling their feed-in and consumption. However, the research on VPP control and protection is a new and challenging issue which should be solved.

In this Special Issue, we invite original and unpublished research in areas including (but not limited to) the development and advancement of smart microgrids and sustainable management in virtual power plants (VPPs), including smart microgrids. The main goal is to provide key information needed to inform readers on the sustainable use of VPP systems and management of future electricity networks with massive penetration in terms of renewable energy sources. This includes using various control methods and energy management algorithms to master and control the sustainability of virtual power plant systems (innovative technologies, operations and energy production systems, autonomous systems, power dispatch, robustness and stability, etc.). We are also interested in microgrids in smart buildings (residential, commercial, industrial) and advancements made in the ICT of microgrids/VPPs for smart energy communities and local energy markets (including blockchain, DLT, IoT, etc.). Contributions that study the dispatchable and nondispatchable renewable energy systems in VPP systems within the main energy system are also welcome.

Dr. Allal El Moubarek Bouzid
Prof. Dr. Mohamed Benbouzid
Prof. Dr. Seifeddine Elghali
Dr. Mohamed Zerrougui
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Virtual power plant (VPP)
  • Smart microgrids (AC/DC)
  • Renewable energy sources (RESs)
  • Energy management
  • Control methods in VPP/RES
  • Protection methods
  • Distributed control
  • Distributed generation
  • Communication link
  • Voltage and frequency control
  • Energy storage
  • Energy markets
  • Electric vehicles
  • Grid services
  • Advancement in ICT for microgrids/VPPs.

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

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14 pages, 8596 KiB  
Article
An Integrated Seamless Control Strategy for Distributed Generators Based on a Deep Learning Artificial Neural Network
by Ahmed H. EL-Ebiary, Mahmoud A. Attia, Mostafa I. Marei and Mariam A. Sameh
Sustainability 2022, 14(20), 13506; https://doi.org/10.3390/su142013506 - 19 Oct 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1463
Abstract
One of the challenges of inverter-based distributed generators (DGs) is to keep the voltage and frequency at their specified limits during transitions between grid-connected and islanded modes of operation. This paper presents an integrated seamless control strategy for inverter-based DGs to ensure smooth [...] Read more.
One of the challenges of inverter-based distributed generators (DGs) is to keep the voltage and frequency at their specified limits during transitions between grid-connected and islanded modes of operation. This paper presents an integrated seamless control strategy for inverter-based DGs to ensure smooth transitions between the different modes of operation. The proposed strategy is based on a deep learning neural network (DL-ANN) Proportional-Integral- Derivative (PID) controller to regulate the terminal voltage of the DG interface system. A feed-forward loop is integrated with the proposed strategy to mitigate grid harmonics by controlling the DG inverter to feed the harmonics components of non-linear loads without exceeding its capacity. Results are provided to evaluate the dynamic performance of the proposed unified control strategy under different disturbances. Finally, to demonstrate the superiority of the DL-ANN controller, a comparison is carried out with the conventional Proportional-Integral (PI) controller and the set-membership affine projection adaptive (SMAPA)-based PI controller. Full article
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Review

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23 pages, 3825 KiB  
Review
Virtual Power Plant Operational Strategies: Models, Markets, Optimization, Challenges, and Opportunities
by Mohammad Mohammadi Roozbehani, Ehsan Heydarian-Forushani, Saeed Hasanzadeh and Seifeddine Ben Elghali
Sustainability 2022, 14(19), 12486; https://doi.org/10.3390/su141912486 - 30 Sep 2022
Cited by 14 | Viewed by 5886
Abstract
High penetration of distributed generation and renewable energy sources in power systems has created control challenges in the network, which requires the coordinated management of these resources. Using virtual power plants (VPPs) on a large scale has solved these challenges to a significant [...] Read more.
High penetration of distributed generation and renewable energy sources in power systems has created control challenges in the network, which requires the coordinated management of these resources. Using virtual power plants (VPPs) on a large scale has solved these challenges to a significant extent. VPPs can be considered systems consisting of distributed generations, energy storage, controllable loads, electric vehicles (EVs), and other types of resources to provide energy and ancillary services. VPPs face various challenges such as energy management, operation, resource uncertainty, participation in electricity markets, etc. This paper discusses an overview of the basic challenges of VPPs, including control and communication issues, electricity markets, its different models, and energy management issues. The main purpose is to investigate the performance of VPP in different markets, energy management of VPP in different operating conditions and strategies, and compare different planning methods for VPP. Note that the application of blockchain to control and improve VPP performance has been investigated, taking into account the different layers of this technology. Full article
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