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Animal Nutrition and Dairy Science: In Search of Precision Farming and Sustainable Agriculture

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Sustainable Food".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 April 2024) | Viewed by 1213

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of Dairy Research, Institution of Technology of Agricultural Products, Hellenic Agricultural Organization “DIMITRA”, 45221 Ioannina, Greece
Interests: dairy technology; dairy microbiology; probiotics; fermented food technology; fermentation processes and bioprocesses
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In recent years, we have witnessed the intense promotion of precision livestock farming (PLF) technologies, which hold the promise of revolutionizing the way we breed dairy cattle and sheep. The terms Industry 4.0 and Agriculture 4.0 are comparable. “Agriculture 4.0” describes both the inside and outside communication of farm operations, which implies the presence of digital information in virtually all farm activities. Agriculture 4.0 facilitates this digital transformation of primary production by handling a massive amount of data via Internet-based interfaces. In fact, Agriculture 4.0 is laying the groundwork for the following stage of agricultural development, which will include automated decision-making systems and operations. A central computer controls machinery connected to the internet as part of smart farming, which uses cloud computing and the Internet of Things (IoT) to improve productivity and the quality of products. These days, there are affordable, effective, and powerful tools available thanks to recent technical advancements. These include devices and services such as cameras, microphones, sensors, wireless networking gear, web access, and cloud storage. These technical tools are meant to aid farmers, who continue to be the most crucial component of effective livestock management, rather than to replace them. Early alarms, which provide the farmer with the option to intervene as soon as the first indicators of compromised welfare or health arise, are the center of PLF.

Cconsequently, articles (review and original papers) dealing with the applications of PLF in dairy (cattle and sheep) farming, including identification and tracking systems, automatic milking systems, estrus detection, illness detection, animal performance, feed monitoring, and animal behavior, are welcome for submission in this Special Issue, as are manuscripts referring to the development of prediction models or statistical tools such as control charts, developed in the context of PLF, which warn farmers of a potential deviation from the usual production profile based on animal and environmental inputs.

You may choose our Joint Special Issue in Veterinary Sciences.

Dr. Marios Mataragas
Dr. Bosnea Loulouda
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • precision livestock farming
  • Industry 4.0
  • sensors
  • animal health and welfare
  • automatic milking systems
  • precision feeding

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

16 pages, 1035 KiB  
Article
Spatial Distribution and Sources of Growth of Dairy Farming in the State of Pará, Brazil
by Amanda Mendonça de Oliveira, Marcos Antônio Souza dos Santos, Jamile Andrea Rodrigues da Silva, Wânia Mendonça dos Santos, Thomaz Cyro Guimarães de Carvalho Rodrigues, Welligton Conceição da Silva, Sheryle Santos Hamid and José de Brito Lourenço-Júnior
Sustainability 2024, 16(1), 122; https://doi.org/10.3390/su16010122 - 22 Dec 2023
Viewed by 796
Abstract
The characterization of dairy farming is fundamental for the sector, as the information obtained directs institutional and public policy actions, which contribute to the development of the milk production chain. The objective of this research was to highlight and analyze two points: identify [...] Read more.
The characterization of dairy farming is fundamental for the sector, as the information obtained directs institutional and public policy actions, which contribute to the development of the milk production chain. The objective of this research was to highlight and analyze two points: identify the spatial concentration of production and investigate the existence of centers specializing in milk production; evaluate the sources of growth in dairy farming in micro-regions of Pará and verify their participation in the growth and productivity of the herd. Regarding specialization in milk production, in the initial year of the study, there were nine specialized micro-regions; however, in the final year, only six fell into this classification, being Parauapebas, Marabá, Tucuruí, Redenção, São Félix do Xingu, and Altamira. Southeastern Pará stands out as the main dairy hub in the state, which encompasses municipalities with a tradition in dairy farming, such as Água Azul do Norte, the largest state producer since 2012. The effective growth in milk production from the 1990s to 2020 showed an increase in state production of 3.23% per year, with a greater contribution to this growth in herd productivity gains than in relation to the expansion of the herd; however, ten micro-regions presented a negative average annual growth rate, being located in the Northeast of Pará, Marajó, and the Metropolitan Region of Belém, a result resulting from the reduction of the herd expansion effect, as the productivity effect of all micro-regions exhibited positive rates, with the exception of Cametá and Arari. The sharpest decline occurred in Arari, with a sharp drop in milk production, number of animals milked, and cow yield. The twelve micro-regions with positive annual rates are located in the mesoregions of Southeast Pará, Southwest Pará, and Baixo Amazonas, nine associated with intensive growth and three more linked to extensive growth. In general, the results show that the regions specialized in the activity are more articulated, presenting the highest percentages in terms of quantity produced, herd milked, and financial movement, compared to non-specialized locations. Through analyses, it is possible to obtain a better understanding of the regional growth process, with a focus on dairy activity, as the information and particularities of properties are fundamental to guide public and private institutions on the reality and existing problems, enabling readjustment and new policy formulations with the aim of alleviating producers’ limitations, as well as enhancing growth and reducing intra- and inter-regional imbalances. Full article
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