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Sustainability in Fuel Consumption and Pollutant Emission Management

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Energy Sustainability".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 13 September 2024 | Viewed by 370

Special Issue Editor


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Guest Editor
State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Flow in Power Engineering, Xi'an, China
Interests: energy; chemical engineering; environmental science
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In the face of increasing environmental pressures, especially in energy, great efforts must be made to achieve long-term development. It is universally acknowledged that long-term development can only be achieved through sound environmental management, that is, sustainable development, especially important in fuel consumption and pollution emission, which is the focus of this Special Issue.

Rapid global economic growth is leading to social prosperity and the increasing demand for energy that rapidly depletes the global reserve of petroleum fuels, which makes how to reduce or adjusting fuel consumption a matter of urgency.

Pollution emissions are one of the world’s largest health and environmental problems. The amounts and types of pollution emissions change every year. These changes are caused by changes in the nation's economy, industrial activity, technology improvements, traffic, and many other factors.

Sustainable development requires minimizing the consumption of fuel and the generation of pollutants waste and toxic pollution emissions throughout the entire production and consumption process. The pollutants are carbon monoxide (CO), lead (Pb), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ozone (O3), particulate matter (PM), sulfur dioxide (SO2), and so on. There is also a large amount of compounds that have been determined to be hazardous, called air toxics.

Furthermore, the benefits of sustainable development are also felt across a wide cross-section of human health and wellbeing, including reductions in pollution- and environment-related disease, improved health outcomes and decreased stress.

This Special Issue welcomes high-quality process-oriented and hypothesis-based submissions that report results from original and novel research and contribute new knowledge to help address problems related to fuel consumption and pollution emissions under the Sustainable Development Goals on a regional or global scale. Discussions on the effects of fuel consumption and pollution emissions under the Sustainable Development Goals are welcome.

Research areas may include (but are not limited to) the following;
  • Low-carbon fuel consumption;
  • Clean utilization of fossil fuels;
  • Hydrogen fuels;
  • Air pollution;
  • Emission reduction;
  • Harmless treatment of combustion wastes;
  • Sustainable development of fuel consumption.

I look forward to receiving your contributions.

Dr. Denghui Wang
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • fuel consumption
  • pollution emissions
  • emission control
  • energy access
  • environmental remediation
  • catalytic material
  • sustainable development

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

25 pages, 4294 KiB  
Article
The Structural Design of and Experimental Research on a Coke Oven Gas Burner
by Mingrui Geng, Suyi Jin and Denghui Wang
Sustainability 2024, 16(10), 4185; https://doi.org/10.3390/su16104185 - 16 May 2024
Viewed by 211
Abstract
A novel low-NOx burner was proposed in this study to achieve the stable and clean combustion of low- and medium-calorific-value gas and promote energy sustainability, and the influence of the gas pipe structure on the burner’s characteristics was studied with coke oven [...] Read more.
A novel low-NOx burner was proposed in this study to achieve the stable and clean combustion of low- and medium-calorific-value gas and promote energy sustainability, and the influence of the gas pipe structure on the burner’s characteristics was studied with coke oven gas as a fuel. A 40 kW burner test bench was established to conduct cold-state experiments to investigate the influences of the gas pipe structure on the aerodynamic characteristics of the burner. We performed numerical simulations on both a 40 kW burner and a 14 MW prototype burner to investigate the thermal performance of the burners and their impact on low NOx emissions. The experimental results showed that increasing the deflection angle of the gas pipe nozzle direction relative to the circumferential tangent direction, the high-velocity zone and the high-concentration zone of the flow field move towards the central axis. Increasing the bending angle of gas pipe nozzle direction relative to the axis direction caused the high-velocity zone and the high-concentration zone to move upstream direction of the jet. The simulation reveals that the NO concentration at the exit cross-section of the combustion chamber of the 14 MW prototype burner is 17.00 mg/m3 (with 3.5% oxygen content). A recommended design structure of the burner was proposed, with a deflection angle of 0°and a bending angle of 0° for the No. 3 gas pipe, and a deflection angle of 15° and a bending angle of 30° for the No. 4 gas pipe. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability in Fuel Consumption and Pollutant Emission Management)
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