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Innovations towards Greener and Smarter Mobility for Sustainable Development

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Sustainable Transportation".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2021) | Viewed by 20818

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Division of Transportation Systems Engineering and Logistics, Faculty of Transport, Warsaw University of Technology, 00-662 Warsaw, Poland
Interests: transport; modeling of transportation processes and systems; multi-criteria decision support; transport ecology; risk management; artificial intelligence; simulation models; optimization
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Guest Editor
Faculty of Transport, Warsaw University of Technology, Warsaw, 00-662, Poland
Interests: modeling and optimization of logistics systems; material flow simulation, integrated information systems; facility design and optimization; ecology in transport

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Division of Transportation Systems Engineering and Logistics, Faculty of Transport, Warsaw University of Technology, 00-662 Warsaw, Poland
Interests: modeling of transport systems and processes; public transport; electric vehicles; fleet management and mobility
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Reducing pollutant emissions from urban, suburban, and long-distance mobility is one of the goals for creating fully sustainable economies and perspectives for a future safe commonwealth. Congestion and emissions jeopardize world goals for competitive and resource-efficient transport systems woven into the society. Clean and smart mobility has become an important factor for societies to flourish economically and socially, with a high quality of life when considering the environment. The transition towards greener and smarter mobility is built on a few key assumptions. The first is wise adaption of the existing infrastructure to new mobility needs in the context of the increase in wealth and the image of completely accessible world that is consolidated in the consciousness of modern societies. The second is the low- and zero-emission transport systems when considering not only the emission from vehicles but also the total carbon footprint. Third is the safety of people and the environment. Fourth is the multimodality of transport extended to synchromodal transport solutions. Fifth is new business models and services for transport. The last is reliable information embracing all previous assumptions, not only for regular planning but also for crisis and risk engineering. Research and innovation play a key role in developing and implementing the next-generation solutions in these areas onto the market. This Special Issue aims to combine innovations covering different aspects of transport systems into one picture for a new look at mobility. We hope this is of interest to you and that hope that you will contribute to this picture!

Prof. Dr. Marianna Jacyna
Dr. Konrad Lewczuk
Dr. Emilian Szczepański
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Sustainable transport systems
  • Innovations for greener and smarter mobility
  • Environmental sustainability
  • Renewable energy in transport
  • Intelligent transport solutions for sustainability
  • Multi-modal and synchro-modal transport for sustainable development
  • New mobility concepts
  • Safety of people as a base of sustainable management

Published Papers (7 papers)

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Research

14 pages, 690 KiB  
Article
Investigating Smart City Development Based on Green Buildings, Electrical Vehicles and Feasible Indicators
by Armin Razmjoo, Meysam Majidi Nezhad, Lisa Gakenia Kaigutha, Mousa Marzband, Seyedali Mirjalili, Mehdi Pazhoohesh, Saim Memon, Mehdi A. Ehyaei and Giuseppe Piras
Sustainability 2021, 13(14), 7808; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13147808 - 13 Jul 2021
Cited by 37 | Viewed by 5647
Abstract
With a goal of achieving net-zero emissions by developing Smart Cities (SCs) and industrial decarbonization, there is a growing desire to decarbonize the renewable energy sector by accelerating green buildings (GBs) construction, electric vehicles (EVs), and ensuring long-term stability, with the expectation that [...] Read more.
With a goal of achieving net-zero emissions by developing Smart Cities (SCs) and industrial decarbonization, there is a growing desire to decarbonize the renewable energy sector by accelerating green buildings (GBs) construction, electric vehicles (EVs), and ensuring long-term stability, with the expectation that emissions will need to be reduced by at least two thirds by 2035 and by at least 90% by 2050. Implementing GBs in urban areas and encouraging the use of EVs are cornerstones of transition towards SCs, and practical actions that governments can consider to help with improving the environment and develop SCs. This paper investigates different aspects of smart cities development and introduces new feasible indicators related to GBs and EVs in designing SCs, presenting existing barriers to smart cities development, and solutions to overcome them. The results demonstrate that feasible and achievable policies such as the development of the zero-energy, attention to design parameters, implementation of effective indicators for GBs and EVs, implementing strategies to reduce the cost of production of EVs whilst maintaining good quality standards, load management, and integrating EVs successfully into the electricity system, are important in smart cities development. Therefore, strategies to governments should consider the full dynamics and potential of socio-economic and climate change by implementing new energy policies on increasing investment in EVs, and GBs development by considering energy, energy, techno-economic, and environmental benefits. Full article
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15 pages, 1511 KiB  
Article
The Influence of the Duration of Journey Stages on Transport Mode Choice: A Case Study in the City of Tarnow
by Marek Bauer and Piotr Kisielewski
Sustainability 2021, 13(11), 5922; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13115922 - 24 May 2021
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1634
Abstract
In this paper, we present the effect of making too many private car journeys on city transport systems. A sustainable approach for the development of transport infrastructure is needed, which takes into account local conditions and needs, especially for areas with a high [...] Read more.
In this paper, we present the effect of making too many private car journeys on city transport systems. A sustainable approach for the development of transport infrastructure is needed, which takes into account local conditions and needs, especially for areas with a high density of origins and destinations. The criteria for evaluating public transport and bicycle transport are presented, which, if acceptable to city residents, may lead to changes in transportation behaviors and, thus, a more efficient use of transport in daily travels. Factors affecting the mode of transport choice include the duration of particular stages of a journey, such as reaching the location where the first ride commences/driving from the travel origin, waiting for a vehicle (bus journeys) or ride/drive, and reaching the travel destination of the last ride/drive. Additionally, the possibility of using a car and having a seasonal ticket for public transport were taken into account. In this study, the results of detailed travel research in the Polish city of Tarnow were used. It has been proven that the low share of public transport in daily travels is due, among other things, to excessive time to reach a stop and due to walking to journey destinations, whereas the low share of cycling is mainly due to a lack of comfort and safe cycling infrastructure. Full article
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20 pages, 7890 KiB  
Article
The Model of Vehicle and Route Selection for Energy Saving
by Olga Lingaitienė, Juozas Merkevičius and Vida Davidavičienė
Sustainability 2021, 13(8), 4528; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13084528 - 19 Apr 2021
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1836
Abstract
The World Bank, United Nations, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, and others are in line with the governments of countries that are strongly interested in the sustainable development of countries, regions, and enterprises. One of the aspects that affects the indicators [...] Read more.
The World Bank, United Nations, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, and others are in line with the governments of countries that are strongly interested in the sustainable development of countries, regions, and enterprises. One of the aspects that affects the indicators and prospects of sustainable development is the efficiency of energy source use. Nationwide reductions in the greenhouse gas emissions of motor vehicles could have a direct effect on ambient temperature and reducing the effects of global warming, which can affect future environmental, societal, and economic development. Significant reductions in fuel consumption can be achieved by increasing the efficiency of use, and the performance, of current cargo vehicles. This aspect is directly related to cargo delivery systems and supply chain efficiency and effectiveness. The article solves the problem of increasing the effectiveness of cargo delivery and proposes a model that would minimize transportation costs that are directly related to fuel consumption, shortening transportation time. The model addresses the problem of a lack of models evaluating the efficiency of cargo to Lithuania that is using several different modes of transportation. For the solution to this problem, the article examines the complexity of the rational use of land and water vehicles depending on the type of cargo transported, the technical capabilities of the vehicles (loading, speed, environmental pollution, fuel consumption, etc.), and the type (cars, railways, ships). The novelty of the findings is based on the availability to select the most appropriate vehicles, on a case-by-case basis, from the available options, depending on their environmental performance and energy efficiency. This model, later in this article, is used for calculations of Lithuanian companies for selecting the most rational vehicle by identifying the most appropriate route, as well as assessing the dynamics of the economic and physical indicators. The model allows for creating dependencies between the main indicators characterizing the transport process—the cost, the time of transport, and the safety, taking into account the dynamics of economic and physical indicators, that lead to a very important issue—reducing the amount of energy required to provide products and services. Full article
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22 pages, 5834 KiB  
Article
Traffic Light Priority for Trams in Warsaw as a Tool for Transport Policy and Reduction of Energy Consumption
by Andrzej Czerepicki, Tomasz Krukowicz, Anna Górka and Jarosław Szustek
Sustainability 2021, 13(8), 4180; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13084180 - 9 Apr 2021
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 2604
Abstract
The article presents an analysis of priority solutions for trams at a selected sequence of intersections in Warsaw (Poland). An analysis of the literature has shown the topicality of this issue. A computer simulation model of a coordinated sequence of intersections was constructed. [...] Read more.
The article presents an analysis of priority solutions for trams at a selected sequence of intersections in Warsaw (Poland). An analysis of the literature has shown the topicality of this issue. A computer simulation model of a coordinated sequence of intersections was constructed. Three test scenarios were designed: the existing control system, the new coordinated fixed-time control system, and the adaptive control system with active priority. In the simulation process, detailed travel characteristics of trams and other traffic participants in a selected section were obtained for the three varying scenarios. Electric energy consumption for traction needs and pollutant emissions was then estimated for each of the variants. It was concluded that for the analyzed configuration, implementation of the adaptive priority will result in a reduction of tram time losses by up to 25%, a reduction in energy consumption by up to 23%, and a reduction in the emission of pollutants from individual vehicles by up to 3% in relation to the original variant. The conducted research may be the basis for a comprehensive method of assessing the effectiveness of applying the adaptative priority when designing new tramway lines and modernizing the existing ones. Full article
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29 pages, 5338 KiB  
Article
A GIS-Based Method of the Assessment of Spatial Integration of Bike-Sharing Stations
by Renata Żochowska, Marianna Jacyna, Marcin Jacek Kłos and Piotr Soczówka
Sustainability 2021, 13(7), 3894; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13073894 - 1 Apr 2021
Cited by 12 | Viewed by 3182
Abstract
The paper presents a method of the assessment of spatial integration of bike-sharing stations in urban agglomerations based on GIS tools for analyses. The method uses four sub-models: system of bike-sharing stations, road and street network, demand for bike-sharing ridership, bike-sharing ridership routing, [...] Read more.
The paper presents a method of the assessment of spatial integration of bike-sharing stations in urban agglomerations based on GIS tools for analyses. The method uses four sub-models: system of bike-sharing stations, road and street network, demand for bike-sharing ridership, bike-sharing ridership routing, and value matrix of spatial integration measures. The presented method allows the identification of different categories of segments of the road and street network used for bike travels and enables the identification of the set of segments that should be upgraded into bike-friendly infrastructure offering bike lanes or cycle paths in order to ensure the appropriate level of spatial integration of bike-sharing stations. The possibility of the application of the method has been studied on the example of the existing bike-sharing system in Katowice, a city in southern Poland. The research presented in the paper has been conducted based on data on bike rentals and bike trips from eight months of 2018. Selected results of the spatial integration assessment of bike-sharing stations, which may be useful for making investment decisions in the bike-sharing system development, are presented. Full article
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20 pages, 3003 KiB  
Article
Computer Life-Cycle Management System for Avionics Software as a Tool for Supporting the Sustainable Development of Air Transport
by Mariusz Zieja, Andrzej Szelmanowski, Andrzej Pazur and Grzegorz Kowalczyk
Sustainability 2021, 13(3), 1547; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031547 - 2 Feb 2021
Cited by 10 | Viewed by 2872
Abstract
The article presents selected results of analytical and design works undertaken at the Air Force Institute of Technology (AFIT) in the field of building a computer support and software lifecycle management system that is critical for flight safety. The aim of the work [...] Read more.
The article presents selected results of analytical and design works undertaken at the Air Force Institute of Technology (AFIT) in the field of building a computer support and software lifecycle management system that is critical for flight safety. The aim of the work undertaken is to develop methods and carry out verification and testing in order to detect errors in the developed avionics software for compliance with the requirements of the DO-178C standard and its production, certification, and implementation on board aircraft. The authors developed an original computer system within the implemented requirements used in the construction and certification of avionic onboard devices and their software (among others, DO-254, DO-178C, AQAP 2210, ARP 4761, ARP 4754A). The conducted analysis involved three basic groups of avionics software development processes, i.e., software planning, creation, and integration. Examples of solutions implemented in the constructed computer system were presented for each of these process groups. The theoretical basis of the new method for predicting vulnerabilities in the software implemented within integrated avionic systems using branching processes is discussed. It was demonstrated that the possibility of predicting vulnerabilities in future software versions could have a significant impact on assessing the risk associated with software safety in the course of its lifecycle. It was indicated that some of the existing quantitative models for analyzing software vulnerabilities were developed based on dedicated software data, which is why actual scenario implementation may be limited. DO-178C standard requirements for the process of developing avionics software were implemented in the helmet-mounted flight parameter display system constructed at AFIT. The requirements of the DO-178C and AQAP 2210 standards were shown to be met in the example of the software developed for a graphics computer, managing the operating modes of this system. Full article
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13 pages, 992 KiB  
Article
Using the Multilevel Random Effect Model to Analyze the Behavior of Carpool Users in Different Cities
by Tzu-Ying Chen, Rong-Chang Jou and Yi-Chang Chiu
Sustainability 2021, 13(2), 937; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020937 - 18 Jan 2021
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1904
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to offer a comprehensive econometrical framework based on a multilevel random effect logistic model that could highlight important contributors to carpool users among different cities with various attributes. The data was collected from the three cities of [...] Read more.
The purpose of this study was to offer a comprehensive econometrical framework based on a multilevel random effect logistic model that could highlight important contributors to carpool users among different cities with various attributes. The data was collected from the three cities of Tucson, AZ, USA; El Paso, TX, USA; and Austin, TX, USA and was based on register-based travel trip data from the Metropia platform and American Community Survey information from 2016 to 2017. The empirical results indicated there were statistically significant differences among carpool users in different cities due to the transportation mode, number of vehicles available, total number of males driving alone, and number of single-parent households. The individual level result showed that incentives had a significant effect on the promotion of carpool passenger and driver behavior. In addition, the time of finding the parking space at work, living situation of the household, flexibility to change departure times, gender, and age could effectively increase the possibility of carpool usage. The results of this study give a better understanding of the events in the initial factors of carpooling behavior and can be used by the government or commercial company to design an effective solution for traffic congestion. Full article
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