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New Advances in Biomass Conversion and the Environmental Implications-2nd Edition

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Sustainable Materials".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 June 2024 | Viewed by 518

Special Issue Editors

1. National-Local Joint Engineering Research Center of Biomass Refining and High-Quality Utilization, Institute of Urban and Rural Mining, Changzhou University, Changzhou 213164, China
2. Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Process Enhancement & New Energy Equipment Technology, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing 211816, China
Interests: biomass energy; hydrogen production; carbon utilization; VOCs control
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Changzhou Key Laboratory of Biomass Green, Safe & High Value Utilization Technology, Institute of Urban and Rural Mining, Changzhou University, Changzhou 213164, China
Interests: biomass; fermentation; microbiology; enzyme; biodegradation; bioconversion
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

As carbon neutralization goals have been proposed worldwide, biomass, the only renewable carbon source, has gained increasing attention for preparing fuels, animal feeds, beneficial chemicals, and materials for environmental applications. Biomass conversion has no carbon dioxide emissions in life cycle applications. However, backward technology for utilizing biomass, such as non-standard combustion and general landfill, results in secondary pollution. The green, safe, and high-value utilization of biomass and solid waste has been proposed. Research on new advances in biomass conversion and its environmental implications requires intense efforts.

This Special Issue, entitled “New Advances in Biomass Conversion and the Environmental Implications-2nd Edition”, mainly covers research on the fundamental and applied sciences of biomass conversion, bio-materials, and utilization, with the aim of developing technologies for carbon neutrality and the control of environmental pollution. The scope of this Special Issue includes but is not limited to, the following topics: (1) fuel, fertilizer, and feed production from the optimized process of biomass, (2) advances in the conversion of biomass to chemicals and materials, (3) fundamental and applied sciences of biomass biochemical conversion, (4) the environmental implications of bio-materials, (5) low-carbon economy sustainability based on biomass processing, and (6) pollution control.

Dr. Peng Liu
Dr. Dongze Niu
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • biomass conversion
  • energy production
  • pollution control
  • environmental implications
  • biomass biochemical conversion

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

13 pages, 2630 KiB  
Article
Study on Nitrogen Migration during Co-Pyrolysis of Melamine-Impregnated Paper Waste and Camellia Oleifera Shell
Sustainability 2024, 16(3), 1197; https://doi.org/10.3390/su16031197 - 31 Jan 2024
Viewed by 332
Abstract
Melamine-impregnated paper waste (MIPW) is an unavoidable byproduct of the melamine-impregnated paper production process, and it must be urgently disposed. In this paper, due to its high N content, MIPW was used as a N source to co-pyrolyze with camellia oleifera shell (COS). [...] Read more.
Melamine-impregnated paper waste (MIPW) is an unavoidable byproduct of the melamine-impregnated paper production process, and it must be urgently disposed. In this paper, due to its high N content, MIPW was used as a N source to co-pyrolyze with camellia oleifera shell (COS). By changing the proportion of MIPW in the raw materials, the migration path of the N was studied during the co-pyrolysis process. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), elemental analysis (EA), total nitrogen analysis (TN) and ultraviolet spectrophotometry were used to determine the content and the types of N-containing components in raw materials and products. The results showed that during the co-pyrolysis process, the N in MIPW and COS would be converted into different types of N-containing components, and the proportion of MIPW in raw materials directly impacts the product distribution and the N migration path. With the increase in the proportion of MIPW from 10 to 50 wt.% (daf, mass ratio), the proportion of N in raw materials that migrated into the solid phase decreased from 27.58 to 16.31 wt.%, while that which migrated to the gas and liquid phases increased from 24.92 and 47.50 wt.% to 25.97 and 57.72 wt.%, respectively. The proportions of N in the raw materials that changed into pyridinic-N, pyrrolic-N and graphitic-N in the solid phase and N2-N in the gas phase were decreased. The proportions of NH3-N and HCN-N in the gas phase and NH3-N and organic-N in the liquid phase were increased. Moreover, synergies were observed during the co-pyrolysis process, which affected the N migration path in the raw material. This study will provide policy directions and theoretical support for the comprehensive utilization of MIPW and COS. Full article
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