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Sustainable and Low-Carbon Power System Planning in the Electricity Market

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Energy Sustainability".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 29 June 2024 | Viewed by 2862

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
College of Electrical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
Interests: reliability of multi-energy systems; demand response; energy market
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Guest Editor
College of Electrical and Information Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China
Interests: modeling and optimization of energy systems; demand restoration

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

With a main role in energy transmission and consumption, the sustainable and low-carbon development of power systems is a key piece in efforts to reduce emissions and mitigate climate change. More and more renewable energy brings challenges to the economic and low-carbon operation of power systems. For example, how to rationally allocate resources to balance the demand in power systems due to the fluctuation of renewable energy is a challenge to address. Therefore, sustainability-oriented planning methods and market mechanisms are important for the net-zero transition. In this context, coordinated planning between different energy sectors and incentive compatibility in different markets are also crucial for energy sustainability. Relevant concepts have already attracted many research and industry interests, such as emission flow analysis in power systems, the coordination of carbon markets and electricity markets, etc. In short, we encourage and welcome advanced research or case studies that provide a holistic perspective on sustainable power system planning in the electricity market.

The objective of this Special Issue is to explore the latest advances in sustainable power system planning and electricity market mechanism design. We have the following research goals:

  1. Effective electricity market mechanisms, especially the coordination of different markets
  2. Advanced planning and operation methods of power systems for low carbon and sustainability
  3. Advanced evaluation methods for sustainability and carbon emission of power systems
  4. Effective modeling and operation methods for power systems to reduce carbon emissions and improve sustainability

Original research and review articles in theoretical, methodological, or practical focuses, such as models, policies, algorithms, and applications, are all welcome. Research areas may include (but are not limited to) the following:

  • Market mechanism design
  • Market coordination
  • Sustainability index or evaluation for power systems or energy systems
  • Advanced planning and operation methods of power systems
  • Modeling technologies for sustainable or low-carbon power grids
  • Low-carbon or sustainability-oriented operation and planning methods of power systems
  • Evaluation methods for power system carbon emissions and emission distribution

Dr. Minglei Bao
Dr. Quan Sui
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • sustainable planning
  • low carbon
  • electricity markets
  • carbon markets

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

18 pages, 387 KiB  
Article
Optimal Energy Storage Configuration of Prosumers with Uncertain Photovoltaic in the Presence of Customized Pricing-Based Demand Response
by Luwen Pan and Jiajia Chen
Sustainability 2024, 16(6), 2230; https://doi.org/10.3390/su16062230 - 7 Mar 2024
Viewed by 697
Abstract
Setting an acceptable pricing strategy to attract prosumers to participate in demand response and orderly configure energy storage is a critical topic for virtual power plants (VPPs) in improving sustainable development. Based on this, this paper proposes a two-layer iterative optimization to develop [...] Read more.
Setting an acceptable pricing strategy to attract prosumers to participate in demand response and orderly configure energy storage is a critical topic for virtual power plants (VPPs) in improving sustainable development. Based on this, this paper proposes a two-layer iterative optimization to develop a customized pricing-based demand response for energy storage with uncertain photovoltaic (PV) for prosumers. In the upper layer, the VPP formulates a customized price consisting of a two-part electricity price, on-grid electricity price and auxiliary service price according to the load characteristics of prosumers, so as to make the power supply and demand of prosumers more controllable. In the lower layer, prosumers adjust their energy storage configurations and energy consumption behavior according to the price signal, considering the uncertainty of PV. The research shows that the proposed optimization approach can encourages prosumers to configure energy storage, and explore user-side flexibility resources. The full utilization of energy storage has increased the PV output of the prosumers by 10%, and its benefits have also increased by 7%. Full article
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20 pages, 3493 KiB  
Article
Inertia and Primary Frequency Response Requirement Assessment for High-Penetration Renewable Power Systems Based on Planning Perspective
by Sile Hu, Jiaqiang Yang, Yuan Wang, Yucan Zhao and Chen Chao
Sustainability 2023, 15(23), 16191; https://doi.org/10.3390/su152316191 - 22 Nov 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1015
Abstract
In order to ensure the sustainable development of energy, the development of new power systems with a high penetration of renewable energy has become a key research direction in the field of power systems. This paper studies the system frequency response process and [...] Read more.
In order to ensure the sustainable development of energy, the development of new power systems with a high penetration of renewable energy has become a key research direction in the field of power systems. This paper studies the system frequency response process and key indicators from the perspective of high-penetration renewable power systems and proposes an inertia and primary frequency response requirement assessment method for power system planning under high renewable penetration. First, by analyzing the frequency dynamic response process, the key parameters affecting frequency stability are determined, and the evolution trend of system inertia with increasing renewable penetration is analyzed. Second, based on the real-system data, the inertia and primary frequency response parameters for each generator are obtained. With the planning generation mix and load as the goal, whether the synchronous generators in the target system can meet the frequency stability requirements is determined. Finally, with the system inertia demand under the maximum rate of change of frequency (RoCoF) constraint as the starting point, we iteratively increase inertia and the primary frequency response capacity until the minimum matching configuration is found. The simulation results verify the correctness of the proposed assessment method. This method considers various processes in frequency response and multiple influencing factors, providing a practical evaluation tool for the inertia and primary frequency response requirements of high-penetration renewable power systems. Full article
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23 pages, 8119 KiB  
Article
Research on Integrated Energy Distributed Sharing in Distribution Network Considering AC Power Flow and Demand Response
by Zhihan Shi, Guangming Zhang, Xiaoxiong Zhou, Weisong Han, Mingxiang Zhu, Zhiqing Bai and Xiaodong Lv
Sustainability 2023, 15(22), 16054; https://doi.org/10.3390/su152216054 - 17 Nov 2023
Viewed by 711
Abstract
Under the constraint of the AC power flow architecture considering reactive power regulation, the examination of integrated energy distributed transactions among multiple subsystems can promote the research in the field of energy sharing. It is difficult to fully cover the consideration of AC [...] Read more.
Under the constraint of the AC power flow architecture considering reactive power regulation, the examination of integrated energy distributed transactions among multiple subsystems can promote the research in the field of energy sharing. It is difficult to fully cover the consideration of AC power flow, demand response, integrated energy, and other factors in traditional related research. In response, a study is therefore conducted in this paper on integrated energy sharing in the distribution network. First, this paper introduces the system operation framework of the proposed distribution network model, and explains the interaction between all the players. Secondly, a distribution network power flow model and an integrated energy subsystem model are respectively. In particular, the subsystem model specifically considers new energy, demand response, integrated energy, and other factors. Then, a cooperative game model is constructed based on the cooperative relationship among subsystems in the distribution network system, followed by the analysis of the benefits brought by cooperation to the distribution network and the subsystems themselves. Finally, a distributed solution flow is established for the model based on the Alternating Direction Method of Multipliers (ADMM) algorithm. The results of the example analysis reveal the effectiveness of the model proposed in increasing the degree of energy utilization and further absorbing new energy in the distribution network system, each subsystem can generate up to 12% more absorption capacity than it would otherwise operate separately to accommodate more renewable energy in the distribution system. Full article
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