Wearable Sensors for Human Movement Analysis Related to Biomechanics and Exercise Physiology
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 November 2023) | Viewed by 50652
Interests: biomechanics; sports biomechanics; sports technology; clinical biomechanics; sports injuries; rehabilitation; sports science; posture; exercise science; movement analysis; musculoskeletal disorders; muscle function; footwear biomechanics
Wearable technology in movement science is not only a promising future field of technological development but, in fact, already surrounding top elite and recreational athletes on an everyday basis. Wearable technology is used to analyze current levels of performance, deduce recommendations for training, control and monitor training effects and performance, estimate injury risks and identify the effects of therapeutic or training-related interventions or technological interventions.
Wearable technology for analyzing human movement can range from simple step counters, sensors tracking human activities, recording walking and running distances, tracking running speed, etc., to more advanced biomechanical sensors such as inertial measurement units (IMUs), which determine joint angles and their changes over time. Force and pressure sensors are used for a variety of different diagnostic purposes and, together with IMUs, for estimating body internal loading on the musculoskeletal system.
Metabolic and exercise physiology-related sensor technology has spread from a traditionally laboratory-based domain to more scenarios, where the related parameters are measured and analyzed in real time during the actual activity in the field. Lactate concentrations, water contents, glucose concentrations and other biomarkers are analyzed based on the characteristics of sweat or other sources by noninvasive or minimally invasive detection. Related technological developments are currently being pushed by powerful interdisciplinary international research and development consortia. Their advances will serve recreational and top athletes in the near future.
In all fields of wearable technology, the accuracy and validity of the sensors are key quality factors, but there are huge challenges in miniaturization, and problems with energy supply and exposure to physical influences such as vibrations, humidity, temperature changes or impacts. Research developments need to address those issues and find solutions. The use of machine learning and artificial intelligence is one approach.
The fusion of wearable technology for physiological–metabolic sensors and devices for biomechanical–movement analysis will allow for comprehensive analyses of human movement, performance potential and also injury risk as well as health status. A comprehensive analysis of human athletic activities cannot be performed with biomechanics or physiology in isolation but must integrate both fields of research. This Special Issue on “Wearable Sensors for Human Movement Analysis Related to Biomechanics and Exercise Physiology” will address both aspects to provide insights into current developments, opportunities and challenges.
Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Potthast
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- sports injuries
- exercise physiology
- public health
- sport biomechanics
- sports technology
- sports science
- exercise science
- movement analysis
- musculoskeletal disorders
- muscle function
- wearable sensors