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Special Issue "State-of-the-Art on Geomagnetic/Electromagnetic Satellites: Science and Applications"

A special issue of Remote Sensing (ISSN 2072-4292). This special issue belongs to the section "Satellite Missions for Earth and Planetary Exploration".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 November 2023 | Viewed by 667

Special Issue Editors

Institute of Earthquake Forecasting, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing 100036, China
Interests: seismo-electromagnetics; electromagnetic satellite; plasma physics; radio wave propagation; seismo-ionospheric physics
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
School of Geophysics and Geomatics, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
Interests: magnetic field; GNSS system; LAI coupling; seismo-anomalies; geophysics
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Yongxin Gao
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
School of Civil Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, China
Interests: seismo-electromagnetics; geophysics; ionospheric disturbances; acoustic-gravity wave; numerical modelling
Graduate School of Science, Center for Environmental Remote Sensing, Chiba University, Chiba 263-8522, Japan
Interests: seismo-electromagnetics; geophysics; ionospheric disturbances; tectonics

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Many events can help to induce geomagnetic disturbances such as solar activity, magnetic storm, volcano eruption, and earthquakes. As a major physical property of the Earth, the geomagnetic field is also a direct medium which acts to connect the lithosphere, atmosphere, ionosphere, and magnetosphere. Partial geomagnetic disturbances cause malfunctions in global satellite navigation systems, radar systems, and communication systems. In recent years, with global coverage by dedicated satellites such as the Swarm constellation and China Seismo-Electromagnetic Satellite (CSES), the scientific community has achieved long-term data integration. This provides an important way for researchers to study electromagnetic monitoring and its near-Earth space dynamics on different time scales and illustrate the coupling processes among different geospheres during the significant events of outer space and the Earth. Artificial intelligence technologies such as computer vision and deep learning can also be combined in order to evaluate the reliability and accuracy of abnormal signals and to distinguish and improve prediction efficiency for natural hazards.

It is our pleasure to announce the launch of a new Special Issue of Remote Sensing. The goal in doing so is to gather research contributions related to ground-based and space-borne geomagnetic and electromagnetic observations in order to deepen our understanding of global geomagnetic events, space plasma physics, the lithosphere–atmosphere–ionosphere coupling mechanism, and the core dynamics of the lithospheric and ionospheric magnetic fields.

Prof. Dr. Xuemin Zhang
Prof. Dr. Chieh-Hung Chen
Prof. Dr. Yongxin Gao
Prof. Dr. Katsumi Hattori
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Remote Sensing is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2700 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • electromagnetic satellite
  • geomagnetic field disturbances
  • ionospheric perturbations
  • space weather
  • natural hazards
  • lithosphere–atmosphere–ionosphere coupling model
  • artificial intelligence technology

Published Papers (1 paper)

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The Analysis of Lithosphere–Atmosphere–Ionosphere Coupling Associated with the 2022 Luding Ms6.8 Earthquake
Remote Sens. 2023, 15(16), 4042; - 16 Aug 2023
Viewed by 501
Taking the Luding Ms6.8 earthquake (EQ) on 5 September 2022 as a case study, we investigated the potential seismic anomalies of the ionosphere, infrared radiation, atmospheric electrostatic field (AEF), and hot spring ions in the seismogenic region. Firstly, we analyzed the multi-parameter anomalies [...] Read more.
Taking the Luding Ms6.8 earthquake (EQ) on 5 September 2022 as a case study, we investigated the potential seismic anomalies of the ionosphere, infrared radiation, atmospheric electrostatic field (AEF), and hot spring ions in the seismogenic region. Firstly, we analyzed the multi-parameter anomalies in the ionosphere around the epicenter and found synchronous anomalous disturbances in the ground parameters, namely the global ionospheric map (GIM), GPS, TEC, and satellite parameters, such as the He+ and O+ densities on 26 August under relatively quiet solar–geomagnetic conditions (F10.7 < 120 SFU; Kp < 3; Dst > −30 nT; |AE| < 500 nT). Next, both the anomaly analysis of the infrared radiation and AEF, and the survey results of the Luding EQ scientific expedition on the hot spring ions showed pre-seismic anomalous variations at different time periods in the seismogenic region. The characteristics of Earth’s multi-sphere coupling anomalies in temporal evolution and spatial distribution were obvious, which validated the Lithosphere–Atmosphere–Ionosphere Coupling (LAIC) mechanism. Finally, combining the analysis results and the LAIC mechanism, we suggested that the multi-sphere coupling anomalies were more likely associated with the Luding Ms6.8 EQ, and that the differential motion and the regional crustal stress accumulation between the Chuandian block and the Bayan Har block might have led to this EQ. Furthermore, remote sensing and ground-based monitoring technologies can play an important role in corroborating and compensating each other, while further study of the multi-sphere coupling mechanism will provide a clearer understanding of the seismogenic process for major EQs. Full article
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