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Remote Sensing of Variables and Mesoscale Processes Linking the Ocean and Atmosphere

A special issue of Remote Sensing (ISSN 2072-4292). This special issue belongs to the section "Ocean Remote Sensing".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 March 2024) | Viewed by 2087

Special Issue Editors

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Guest Editor

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Guest Editor
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
Interests: high-resolution air-sea interaction; satellite remote sensing; ocean modeling

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Guest Editor Assistant
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
Interests: ocean waves; wind; oceanography; remote sensing; spaceborne radar

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Recent studies have shown very strong coupling between the ocean and atmosphere on the oceanic and atmospheric mesoscale (approximately 10 to 100 km length scales). The impacts of these scales on ocean processes, weather, and climate have become a topic of wide interest. Recent observations qualitatively confirm some model expectations, but also demonstrate large departures between models and satellite observations. Interactions between winds and currents also influence the generation of ocean eddies (reducing the ocean’s eddy kinetic energy) and influence the latitudinal envelope of western boundary current extensions that moves across the mid-latitude oceans. These currents supply heat to storms, as well as heat and moisture to countries down wind of these currents. The air–sea exchange and storage of gases is also modified by several of these processes, as is the carbon cycle through changes in primary productivity. Papers on all aspects of these interactions and possible satellite connections between observations and modeling are welcome.

Prof. Dr. Mark Bourassa
Dr. Carol Anne Clayson
Alexander Wineteer
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2700 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • air-sea interactions
  • ocean circulation
  • sea wind
  • waves
  • remote sensing
  • coupled modeling

Published Papers (1 paper)

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24 pages, 15050 KiB  
Eddy Characteristics and Vertical Structure in the Bay of Bengal during Different Monsoon Regimes
by Corinne B. Trott and Bulusu Subrahmanyam
Remote Sens. 2023, 15(4), 1079; - 16 Feb 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1547
The evolution of mesoscale eddies in the Bay of Bengal (BoB) and their characteristics (number of eddies, radius, amplitude, and eddy kinetic energy) are addressed during all strong, normal, and weak monsoon regimes from 1993 to 2019. Their impacts on the 3–7-day synoptic [...] Read more.
The evolution of mesoscale eddies in the Bay of Bengal (BoB) and their characteristics (number of eddies, radius, amplitude, and eddy kinetic energy) are addressed during all strong, normal, and weak monsoon regimes from 1993 to 2019. Their impacts on the 3–7-day synoptic oscillations of atmospheric precipitation and upper ocean heat content are also assessed. In the western Bay, eddies are located in the meandering East India Coastal Current (EICC). The propagation of coastally trapped Kelvin waves into the Andaman Sea varies with monsoon intensity. Eddies with smaller radii, weaker amplitudes, increased vertical mixing, and deeper vertical extents were found during weak monsoons. Eddy kinetic energy (EKE) of EICC anticyclonic eddies is high (1200–2000 cm2 s−2) in May and November-December during weak and normal monsoon regimes, and EKE attains a maximum off the Sri Lanka coast during the strong monsoon regime. Throughout the Bay, density anomalies at ~100 m depth are influenced by subsurface temperature anomalies, while those at the surface more closely follow salinity anomalies. Wavelet coherence analysis for all three monsoon regimes reveals stronger coherence between eddy amplitude, atmospheric precipitation, and ocean heat content than the number of eddies for both anticyclonic and cyclonic eddies. Full article
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