Journal Browser

Journal Browser

PRISMA Hyperspectral Remote Sensing Data for Geological Mapping and Environmental Monitoring: Applications, Challenges, Advanced Image Processing and Machine Learning Techniques

A special issue of Remote Sensing (ISSN 2072-4292). This special issue belongs to the section "Environmental Remote Sensing".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 August 2024 | Viewed by 1446

Special Issue Editors

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Mining Engineering, Shahid Bahonar University of Kermān, Kerman 76169-14111, Iran
Interests: geological remote sensing; exploration geology; mining; exploration geophysics; image processing

E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Geoscience and Digital Earth Centre (INSTeG), Research Institute for Sustainable Environment, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Skudai 81310, Malaysia
Interests: digital image processing; environmental monitoring; image classification; multispectral and radar satellite data applications
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Space-borne hyperspectral imagery provides a sophisticated and modernized dataset for geological applications and environmental monitoring. In recent years, numerous investigations have been carried out in the field of hyperspectral remote sensing. PRecursore IperSpettrale della Missione Applicativa (PRISMA), a satellite of the Italian Space Agency, was launched in June 2019. It carries a hyperspectral sensor that records a continuum of spectral bands in the range of the visible near-infrared (VNIR) and the short-wave infrared (SWIR), from 400 to 2500 nm, with a spatial resolution of 30 m. PRISMA hyperspectral data were released for free usage. PRISMA hyperspectral imagery has great potential to be utilized within a variety of applications for addressing geology and environmental issues. Despite the fact that PRISMA hyperspectral imagery has gained the scientific interest of the remote sensing communities due to geological mapping and environmental issues, it is still in the initial stages. Several advanced image processing algorithms can be implemented to extract spectral and spatial information from the PRISMA hyperspectral datasets. Nowadays, the fusion of extracted information using machine learning techniques is evolving gradually and is fundamental for unravelling numerous image processing challenges for geological and environmental mapping.

This Special Issue is focused on the recent developments in the applications of PRISMA hyperspectral imagery within geological applications and environmental monitoring. We are interested in applications, innovative solutions to challenges in image processing, the execution of advanced image processing algorithms, and machine learning for data fusion.  Manuscript submissions are encouraged that focus on a broad range of related geological and environmental themes. Researchers are encouraged to submit innovative research or case studies that may include, but are not limited to, the following topics:

  • Hydrothermal alteration mineral mapping for ore exploration;
  • Porphyry copper/gold prospecting;
  • Development and analysis of spectral mapping algorithms;
  • New pixel- and sub-pixel-based image analysis techniques;
  • Environmental monitoring of geo-hazards;
  • Detecting toxic pollution related to mine excavation, mine tailing, mine waste, and acid runoff;
  • Recent advances in remote sensing information fusion for mineral prospectivity mapping (MPM);
  • Real-world case studies of mineral prospecting in inaccessible regions using PRISMA hyperspectral imagery;
  • Geothermal potential mapping;
  • GIS and PRISMA hyperspectral imagery integration for mineral exploration modelling;
  • Integration of multispectral and PRISMA hyperspectral data for geological mapping and environmental modelling;
  • Recent advances in multisource remote sensing information fusion for mineral exploration;
  • Machine learning techniques for fusing PRISMA hyperspectral data with geophysical, geological, and geochemical data.

Dr. Amin Beiranvand Pour
Prof. Dr. Hojjatollah Ranjbar
Prof. Dr. Mazlan Hashim
Prof. Dr. Basem Zoheir
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Remote Sensing is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2700 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • hyperspectral datasets
  • alteration mineral mapping
  • machine learning techniques
  • geological mapping
  • environmental issues
  • ore mineral exploration
  • spectral mapping algorithms
  • earth observations
  • geo-hazard monitoring

Published Papers (1 paper)

Order results
Result details
Select all
Export citation of selected articles as:


31 pages, 54407 KiB  
PRISMA Hyperspectral Remote Sensing Data for Mapping Alteration Minerals in Sar-e-Châh-e-Shur Region, Birjand, Iran
by Jabar Habashi, Hadi Jamshid Moghadam, Majid Mohammady Oskouei, Amin Beiranvand Pour and Mazlan Hashim
Remote Sens. 2024, 16(7), 1277; - 4 Apr 2024
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 839
Remote sensing satellite imagery consistently provides valuable and frequent information, enabling the exploration of mineral resources across immense, remote and harsh domains. Recent developments in spaceborne hyperspectral remote sensing have opened avenues to support diverse remote sensing applications, particularly in the realm of [...] Read more.
Remote sensing satellite imagery consistently provides valuable and frequent information, enabling the exploration of mineral resources across immense, remote and harsh domains. Recent developments in spaceborne hyperspectral remote sensing have opened avenues to support diverse remote sensing applications, particularly in the realm of mineral exploration. This study evaluates the capabilities of the PRecursore IperSpettrale della Missione Applicativa (PRISMA) hyperspectral satellite data for mapping alteration minerals using the Matched Filtering Unmixing (MFU) approach in the Sar-e-châh-e-shur, Birjand, Iran. Minerals such as richterite, augite, psilomelane, ilmenite, kaolinite, smectite, mirabilite, muscovite, and chlorite were identified using the vertex component analysis (VCA) technique. Subsequently, alteration mineral maps of the study area were generated using a matched filtering technique. Additionally, through the integration of X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, thin section examination, geochemical study of stream sediments, and interpretation of geological maps, potential alteration mineralization zones were delineated in the study area. Ultimately, the validation process, which included comparing the maps with the findings derived from the PRISMA remote sensing study, was conducted using the normal score equation. Thus, our results yielded a normalized score of 3.42 out of 4, signifying an 85.71% agreement with the regional geological characteristics of the study area. The results of this investigation highlight the substantial potential of the PRISMA dataset for systematic alteration mineral mapping and consequent exploration of ore minerals, specifically in challenging and inaccessible terrains. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

Back to TopTop