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3D Modeling and GIS for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage

A special issue of Remote Sensing (ISSN 2072-4292). This special issue belongs to the section "Engineering Remote Sensing".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (1 December 2023) | Viewed by 20780

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile, Ambientale, del Territorio, Edile e di Chimica, Polytechnic University of Bari, Via E. Orabona 4, 70125 Bari, Italy
Interests: DTM; surveying; photogrammetry; geomatics; environment; geographic information system; remote sensing; spatial analysis; geography; navigation
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Guest Editor
Department of Engineering and Geology, University “G. D’Annunzio” of Chieti-Pescara, 65127 Pescara, Italy
Interests: geomatics engineering; 3D survey; spatial analysis; remote sensing; photogrammetry; GIS; BIM; 3D modeling; cartography; aerial survey
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues, 

The digitization of cultural heritage areas and structures by means of parametric and semantic 3D models is an activity of fundamental importance for their protection, conservation, and enhancement. The geomatics survey, performed with active and/or passive sensors and acquired by terrestrial, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) or airborne platforms, is a prerequisite for a 3D reconstruction of archaeological or cultural heritage sites or structures. The use of low-cost or emerging sensors for the construction of realistic models is a topic in continuous evolution. The 3D models obtained from the geomatics survey can be managed in BIM and GIS environments in order to catalogue, manage, and store geo-data. Innovative scan-to-BIM techniques and methods, i.e., processes that enable the transformation from point clouds to parametric and semantic models, are under continuous development. This Special Issue will publish papers exploring advances in research and innovative applications in the field of geodata modelling and management in archaeology and cultural heritage. 

The broad topics of this Special Issue of Remote Sensing include but are not limited to: 

  • New sensors, methods, and strategies for 3D surveys;
  • Mapping and monitoring of management practices on archaeological and cultural heritage sites;
  • Development of structure from motion and dense image matching algorithms;
  • Point cloud management and classification;
  • Algorithms and tools for 3D modeling;
  • Building semantic and parametric models from 3D point clouds;
  • GIS and BIM for archaeology and cultural heritage site and structures.

Dr. Domenica Costantino
Dr. Massimiliano Pepe
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Remote Sensing is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2700 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • 3D survey
  • UAV photogrammetry
  • TLS
  • Point cloud
  • 3D modelling
  • Heritage BIM
  • GIS and 3DGIS
  • Scan to BIM

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Research

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25 pages, 19795 KiB  
Article
Digitization of the Built Cultural Heritage: An Integrated Methodology for Preservation and Accessibilization of an Art Nouveau Museum
by Tudor Caciora, Ahmad Jubran, Dorina Camelia Ilies, Nicolaie Hodor, Lucian Blaga, Alexandru Ilies, Vasile Grama, Bogdan Sebesan, Bahodirhon Safarov, Gabriela Ilies, Thowayeb H. Hassan and Grigore Vasile Herman
Remote Sens. 2023, 15(24), 5763; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs15245763 - 17 Dec 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 2145
Abstract
The emergence of new technologies has dynamized the way in which cultural heritage is documented, preserved, and passed on to new generations; something that determines a paradigm shift in terms of research in this field. Most operations now also have access to the [...] Read more.
The emergence of new technologies has dynamized the way in which cultural heritage is documented, preserved, and passed on to new generations; something that determines a paradigm shift in terms of research in this field. Most operations now also have access to the virtual component. In this context, the current study aimed to make accessible through virtual and augmented reality one of the most interesting objectives belonging to the Jewish cultural heritage built in Art Nouveau style in the municipality of Oradea (Romania), which currently functions as a La Belle Epoque Museum. In the study, the techniques of terrestrial, aerial photogrammetry, and terrestrial laser scanning were used to remodel, in a three-dimensional format, as faithful as possible and usable in different applications, the special architecture of the exterior of the monument. This information was doubled by making the interior of the monument accessible through a complete and complex series of panoramic images interconnected within a virtual tour that will be made available to tourists interested in discovering the Darvas-La Roche House. The virtual tour, which includes both graphic, textual, and audio information, represents an innovative approach for the buildings built in Art Nouveau style in the municipality of Oradea, representing a virtual bridge for better promotion of the tourist destination and for the awareness of the local people regarding the importance of preserving and appreciating the local cultural heritage. This is all the more important as this is the first initiative to make the Art Nouveau buildings in Oradea Municipality accessible to the general public in an innovative way. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 3D Modeling and GIS for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage)
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30 pages, 83951 KiB  
Article
Apple LiDAR Sensor for 3D Surveying: Tests and Results in the Cultural Heritage Domain
by Lorenzo Teppati Losè, Alessandra Spreafico, Filiberto Chiabrando and Fabio Giulio Tonolo
Remote Sens. 2022, 14(17), 4157; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs14174157 - 24 Aug 2022
Cited by 28 | Viewed by 13572
Abstract
The launch of the new iPad Pro by Apple in March 2020 generated high interest and expectations for different reasons; nevertheless, one of the new features that developers and users were interested in testing was the LiDAR sensor integrated into this device (and, [...] Read more.
The launch of the new iPad Pro by Apple in March 2020 generated high interest and expectations for different reasons; nevertheless, one of the new features that developers and users were interested in testing was the LiDAR sensor integrated into this device (and, later on, in the iPhone 12 and 13 Pro series). The implications of using this technology are mainly related to augmented and mixed reality applications, but its deployment for surveying tasks also seems promising. In particular, the potentialities of this miniaturized and low-cost sensor embedded in a mobile device have been assessed for documentation from the cultural heritage perspective—a domain where this solution may be particularly innovative. Over the last two years, an increasing number of mobile apps using the Apple LiDAR sensor for 3D data acquisition have been released. However, their performance and the 3D positional accuracy and precision of the acquired 3D point clouds have not yet been fully validated. Among the solutions available, as of September 2021, three iOS apps (SiteScape, EveryPoint, and 3D Scanner App) were tested. They were compared in different surveying scenarios, considering the overall accuracy of the sensor, the best acquisition strategies, the operational limitations, and the 3D positional accuracy of the final products achieved. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 3D Modeling and GIS for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage)
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Review

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23 pages, 4048 KiB  
Review
Advancement in the Application of Geospatial Technology in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage in South Africa: A Scientometric Review
by Charles Matyukira and Paidamwoyo Mhangara
Remote Sens. 2023, 15(19), 4781; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs15194781 - 30 Sep 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1328
Abstract
Geospatial technologies have become an essential component of archaeological research, aiding in the identification, mapping, and analysis of archaeological sites. Several journals have published existing narratives on the development and impact of geospatial technologies in the study of archaeology and cultural heritage. However, [...] Read more.
Geospatial technologies have become an essential component of archaeological research, aiding in the identification, mapping, and analysis of archaeological sites. Several journals have published existing narratives on the development and impact of geospatial technologies in the study of archaeology and cultural heritage. However, this has not been supported by a systematic review of articles and papers, where meticulously collected evidence is methodically analysed. This article systematically reviews the trends in the use of geospatial technologies in archaeology and cultural heritage through the search for keywords or terms associated with geospatial technologies used in the two fields on the Scopus database from 1990 to 2022. Bibliometric analysis using the Scopus Analyze tool and analysis of bibliometric networks using VOSviewer visualisations reveals how modern archaeological studies are now a significant discipline of spatial sciences and how the discipline enjoys the tools of geomatic engineering for establishing temporal and spatial controls on the material being studied and observing patterns in the archaeological records. The key concepts or themes or distinct knowledge domains that shape research in the use of geospatial technologies in archaeology and cultural heritage, according to the Scopus database (1990–2022), are cultural heritage, archaeology, geographic information systems, remote sensing, virtual reality, and spatial analysis. Augmented reality, 3D scanning, 3D modelling, 3D reconstruction, lidar, digital elevation modelling, artificial intelligence, spatiotemporal analysis, ground penetrating radar, optical radar, aerial photography, and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are some of the geospatial technology tools and research themes that are less explored or less interconnected concepts that have potential gaps in research or underexplored topics that might be worth investigating in archaeology and cultural heritage. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 3D Modeling and GIS for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage)
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25 pages, 5281 KiB  
Review
3D Point Cloud for Cultural Heritage: A Scientometric Survey
by Su Yang, Shishuo Xu and Wei Huang
Remote Sens. 2022, 14(21), 5542; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs14215542 - 03 Nov 2022
Cited by 10 | Viewed by 2462
Abstract
Three-dimensional point cloud has been widely used in the cultural heritage field in the last two decades, gaining attention from both academic and industry communities. A large number of scientific papers have been published concerning this topic, which covers a wide range of [...] Read more.
Three-dimensional point cloud has been widely used in the cultural heritage field in the last two decades, gaining attention from both academic and industry communities. A large number of scientific papers have been published concerning this topic, which covers a wide range of journals, countries, and disciplines. There has been no comprehensive and systematic survey of recent literature performed in a scientometric way based on the complex network analysis methods. In this work, we extracted the terms (i.e., noun phrases included in the title, abstract and keywords), the documents, the countries that the research institutions are located in, and the categories that the literature belongs to from the Web of Science database to compose a term co-occurrence network, document co-citation network, collaborative country network and category co-occurrence network using CiteSpace software. Through visualizing and analyzing those networks, we identified the research hotspots, landmark literature, national collaboration, interdisciplinary patterns as well as the emerging trends through assessing the central nodes and the nodes with strong citation bursts. This work not only provides a structured view on state-of-art literature, but also reveals the future trends of employing 3D point cloud data for cultural heritage, aiding researchers carry out further research in this area. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 3D Modeling and GIS for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage)
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